Turnix sylvatica SMALL BUTTONQUAIL.
Rank grassland. S Iberian Peninsula and nw Africa from n Morocco
e to n Tunisia. In s Mali, Burkina Faso, Senegambia, Guinea, Sierra
Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, s Niger, C. Afr. Rep.,
s Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Yemen in extreme sw Arabia, s locally
in w,c Africa in Gabon, Congo, Zaire, Angola and more widespread in e,s
Africa in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique,
Zimbabwe, Botswana to s Namibia and S. Africa in Transvaal, Natal and e
Cape Province. Lowlands to 2400 m from e Pakistan in Sind and India
n to the Himalayas, Nepal, Sikkim, and s throughout India except extreme
se peninsula; e to se China, Hainan I., Taiwan and s to c,s,e Burma, c
Thailand and Indochina; w Java, Bali; Philippine is. of Luzon, Negros,
Bohol, Mindanao and Jolo.
Turnix maculosa RED-BACKED BUTTONQUAIL. Marsh, grassland, fields. Lowlands to 2400 m in Sulawesi inc. Muna, Butung, Peleng and Tukangbesi is., Mindanao in the s Philippines, Lesser Sunda is. from Sumbawa and Sumba e to Kisar, Moa and Babar, Obi I. in the c Moluccas, Kai Is., c,se New Guinea, Louisiade Arch., New Britain and Duke of York is., Guadalcanal in the Solomon Is., and n,e Australia from ne W. Australia w to the Kimberleys and e to N. Territory in Arnhem Land, and from e Queensland n to Cape York Pen. and inland to Atherton Tableland, s to se New S. Wales incl. islands in Torres Strait and the Great Barrier Reef. Sometimes treated as a race of sylvatica; they may be sympatric on Mindanao but their status there is uncertain.
Turnix nana BLACK-RUMPED BUTTONQUAIL. Shortgrass plains,open grassland. Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, sw C. African Rep., Gabon, Congo, sc,ne Zaire, Rwanda, Uganda and w Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, s locally but more widespread in e,se Africa, to Zimbabwe and e S. Africa in e Transvaal, Natal and e Cape Prov.
Included in T. hottentotta
Turnix hottentotta HOTTENTOT BUTTONQUAIL. Open grassland. Mts. of s S. Africa in the s ranges of Cape Province. Includes nana according to the South African and East African List Committees (D. A. Turner, pers. comm.). The two may not meet and there are morphological differences.
Turnix tanki YELLOW-LEGGED BUTTONQUAIL. Scrub, grassland. Up to 2000 m from e Pakistan and India e to e,se China, and se Siberia, n Korea; s to Andaman and Nicobar is., Burma (exc. sw pen, ne), Thailand (exc. pen.), Indochina.
Turnix ocellata SPOTTED BUTTONQUAIL. Brushy grassland, ravine edges. Philippine island of Luzon.
Turnix suscitator BARRED BUTTONQUAIL. Grassland, gardens, scrub, cut-over jungle. Up to 2500 m from e Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, to se China and Hainan I., Taiwan, c,s Ryukyu is. to s Kyushu in Japan; Philippines on Luzon, Mindoro, Calamian Is., Palawan, Sibuyan, Masbate, Panay, Cebu and Negros; Sulawesi; Sumatra incl. Riau and Lingga arch., Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Lomblen and Alor.
Turnix nigricollis MADAGASCAR BUTTONQUAIL. Grassland, savanna, brush, forest clearings. Lowlands to 1900 m of Madagascar. Intro. on Réunion.
Turnix melanogaster BLACK-BREASTED BUTTONQUAIL. Forest floor, thickets. Coastal ce Australia in se Queensland n to Cooktown and extreme ne New South Wales.
Turnix castanota CHESTNUT-BACKED BUTTONQUAIL. Sparse woodland, dry scrub, stony hillsides. Coastal n Australia in ne W. Australia in the Kimberleys, and n N. Territory e to Arnhem Land and Groote Eylandt.
Turnix olivii BUFF-BREASTED BUTTONQUAIL. Coastal heath. Lowlands of extreme ne Australia in n Queensland from Coen to Cooktown.
Turnix varia PAINTED BUTTONQUAIL. Forest undergrowth, scrub, rank grassland. Coastal sw,e,se Australia in sw W. Australia n to Houtman Abrolhos Is. and Shark Bay; from e Queensland n to Cairns, s to Victoria and Tasmania and w to the Eyre Peninsula in S. Australia; New Caledonia.
Turnix worcesteri WORCESTER'S BUTTONQUAIL. Presumably grasslands. Lowlands to 1000 m of n,c Luzon, Philippine Is.
Turnix everetti SUMBA BUTTONQUAIL. Grassy scrub. Sumba I. in the wc Lesser Sunda Is.
Turnix pyrrhothorax RED-CHESTED BUTTONQUAIL. Savanna, scrub, pasture. E Australia from n N. Territory w to Arnhem Land and nw,c Queensland s through New South Wales to w Victoria and se S. Australia e of Adelaide. Ranges s to se Victoria.
Turnix velox LITTLE BUTTONQUAIL. Grassland, open woods, farms. Australia, exc. ne W. Australia in the Kimberleys, n N. Territory in Arnhem Land and n Queensland on the Cape York Pen. and e coast.
Ortyxelos meiffrenii LARK BUTTONQUAIL. Arid or semi-arid grassland, scrub, acacia savanna, wet coastal grassland. In the sahel belt in Senegambia, s Mali, Burkina Faso, s Ghana, Benin, Nigeria, s Niger, Cameroon, Lake Chad area, s Chad, s Sudan to sw Ethiopia, Uganda and w,se Kenya.