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Italian Ornithological Web Site
by Alberto Masi since 1996
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    Vulnerable Species
    The following 276 species are considered to be vulnerable to extinction by IUCN and BirdLife International
  1. Southern Cassowary Casuarius casuarius
  2. Northern Cassowary Casuarius unappendiculatus
  3. Brown Kiwi Apteryx australis
  4. Great Spotted Kiwi Apteryx haastii
  5. Little Spotted Kiwi Apteryx owenii
  6. Choco Tinamou Crypturellus kerriae
  7. Tepui Tinamou Crypturellus ptaritepui
  8. Taczanowski's Tinamou Nothoprocta taczanowskii
  9. Lesser Nothura Nothura minor
  10. Dwarf Tinamou Taoniscus nanus
  11. Fiordland Penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus
  12. Snares Islands Penguin Eudyptes robustus
  13. Erect-crested Penguin Eudyptes sclateri
  14. Yellow-eyed Penguin Megadyptes antipodes
  15. Galápagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus
  16. Madagascar Grebe Tachybaptus pelzelnii
  17. Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans
  18. Black Petrel Procellaria parkinsoni
  19. Westland Petrel Procellaria westlandica
  20. White-necked Petrel Pterodroma cervicalis
  21. Cook's Petrel Pterodroma cookii
  22. Defilippe's Petrel Pterodroma defilippiana
  23. Fea's Petrel Pterodroma feae
  24. Atlantic Petrel Pterodroma incerta
  25. Pycroft's Petrel Pterodroma pycrofti
  26. Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis
  27. Providence Petrel Pterodroma solandri li>
  28. Townsend's Shearwater Puffinus auricularis
  29. Pink-footed Shearwater Puffinus creatopus
  30. Newell's Shearwater Puffinus newelli
  31. Black-vented Shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas
  32. Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus
  33. Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis
  34. Abbott's Booby Papasula abbotti
  35. Campbell Island Shag Phalacrocorax campbelli
  36. New Zealand King Shag Phalacrocorax carunculatus
  37. Stewart Island Shag Phalacrocorax chalconotus
  38. Auckland Islands Shag Phalacrocorax colensoi
  39. Pitt Island Shag Phalacrocorax featherstoni
  40. Galápagos Cormorant Phalacrocorax harrisi
  41. Chatham Islands Shag Phalacrocorax onslowi
  42. Bounty Islands Shag Phalacrocorax ranfurlyi
  43. Christmas Island Frigatebird Fregata andrewsi
  44. Madagascar Heron Ardea humbloti
  45. Slaty Egret Egretta vinaceigula
  46. Japanese Night-heron Gorsachius goisagi
  47. Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus
  48. Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea
  49. Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus
  50. Andean Flamingo Phoenicopterus andinus
  51. Puna Flamingo Phoenicopterus jamesi
  52. Brown Teal Anas aucklandica
  53. Baikal Teal Anas formosa in South Korea
  54. Laysan Duck Anas laysanensis
  55. Hawaiian Duck Anas wyvilliana
  56. Swan Goose Anser cygnoides
  57. Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus
  58. Baer's Pochard Aythya baeri
  59. Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
  60. Red-breasted Goose Branta ruficollis
  61. Nene Branta sandvicensis
  62. West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea
  63. Blue Duck Hymenolaimus malacorhynchus
  64. Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris
  65. Scaly-sided Merganser Mergus squamatus
  66. White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala
  67. Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri
  68. Salvadori's Teal Salvadorina waigiuensis
  69. Spectacled Eider Somateria fischeri
  70. Freckled Duck Stictonetta naevosa
  71. New Britain Sparrowhawk Accipiter brachyurus
  72. Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti
  73. Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
  74. Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
  75. Galápagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis
  76. Cape Griffon Gyps coprotheres
  77. Pallas's Sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
  78. Steller's Sea-eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus
  79. Sanford's Fish-eagleHaliaeetus sanfordi
  80. Crowned Eagle Harpyhaliaetus coronatus
  81. New Guinea Harpy Eagle Harpyopsis novaeguineae
  82. White-necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulata
  83. Square-tailed Kite Lophoictinia isura
  84. Wallace's Hawk-eagle Spizaetus nanus
  85. Philippine Hawk-eagle Spizaetus philippensis
  86. Seychelles Kestrel Falco araea
  87. Taita Falcon Falco fasciinucha
  88. Grey Falcon Falco hypoleucos
  89. Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
  90. Bruijn's Brush-turkey Aepypodius bruijnii
  91. Malleefowl Leipoa ocellata
  92. Maleo Macrocephalon maleo
  93. Micronesian Scrubfowl Megapodius laperouse
  94. Vanuatu Scrubfowl Megapodius layardi
  95. Nicobar ScrubfowlMegapodius nicobariensis
  96. Moluccan Scrubfowl Megapodius wallacei
  97. Wattled Curassow Crax globulosa
  98. Horned Guan Oreophasis derbianus
  99. Rufous-headed Chachalaca Ortalis erythroptera
  100. Bearded Guan Penelope barbata
  101. Chestnut-bellied Guan Penelope ochrogaster
  102. Baudo Guan Penelope ortoni
  103. Black-fronted Piping-guan Pipile jacutinga
  104. Congo Peafowl Afropavo congensis
  105. White-breasted Guineafowl Agelastes meleagrides
  106. Chestnut-headed Partridge Arborophila cambodiana
  107. Chestnut-necklaced Partridge Arborophila charltonii
  108. White-necklaced Partridge Arborophila gingica
  109. Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii
  110. Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichi
  111. White Eared-pheasant Crossoptilon crossoptilon
  112. Tibetan Eared-pheasant Crossoptilon harmani
  113. Brown Eared-pheasant Crossoptilon mantchuricum
  114. Mount Cameroon Francolin Francolinus camerunensis
  115. Grey-striped Francolin Francolinus griseostriatus
  116. Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis
  117. Harwood's Francolin Francolinus harwoodi
  118. Swierstra's Francolin Francolinus swierstrai
  119. Chinese Monal Lophophorus lhuysii
  120. Sclater's Monal Lophophorus sclateri
  121. Bulwer's Pheasant Lophura bulweri
  122. Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi
  123. Crestless Fireback Lophura erythrophthalma
  124. Sumatran Pheasant Lophura hoogerwerfi
  125. Crested Fireback Lophura ignita
  126. Salvadori's Pheasant Lophura inornata
  127. Green Peafowl Pavo muticus
  128. Manipur Bush-quail Perdicula manipurensis
  129. Germain's Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron germaini
  130. Mountain Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron inopinatum
  131. Malayan Peacock-pheasant Polyplectron malacense
  132. Crested Argus Rheinardia ocellata
  133. Elliot's Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti
  134. Hume's Pheasant Syrmaticus humiae
  135. Reeves's Pheasant Syrmaticus reevesii
  136. Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii
  137. Cabot's Tragopan Tragopan caboti
  138. Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus
  139. Brown Mesite Mesitornis unicolor
  140. White-breasted Mesite Mesitornis variegata
  141. Subdesert Mesite Monias benschi
  142. Chestnut-backed Buttonquail Turnix castanota
  143. Sumba Buttonquail Turnix everetti
  144. Worcester's Buttonquail Turnix worcesteri
  145. Plains-wanderer Pedionomus torquatus
  146. Wattled Crane Grus carunculatus
  147. Red-crowned Crane Grus japonensis
  148. Black-necked Crane Grus nigricollis
  149. Blue Crane Grus paradisea
  150. White-naped Crane Grus vipio
  151. Brown Wood-rail Aramides wolfi
  152. Snoring Rail Aramidopsis plateni
  153. Inaccessible Rail Atlantisia rogersi
  154. Swinhoe's Rail Coturnicops exquisitus
  155. Corncrake Crex crex
  156. Hawaiian Coot Fulica alai
  157. Horned Coot Fulica cornuta
  158. Gough Moorhen Gallinula nesiotis
  159. Bald-faced Rail Gymnocrex rosenbergii
  160. Invisible Rail Habroptila wallacii
  161. Rusty-flanked Crake Laterallus levraudi
  162. Rufous-faced Crake Laterallus xenopterus
  163. Auckland Islands Rail Lewinia muelleri
  164. Henderson Crake Porzana atra
  165. Dot-winged Crake Porzana spiloptera
  166. Andaman Crake Rallina canningi
  167. Masked Finfoot Heliopais personata
  168. Great Bustard Otis tarda
  169. Wrybill Anarhynchus frontalis
  170. Piping Plover Charadrius melodus
  171. Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus
  172. Hooded Plover Charadrius rubricollis
  173. Madagascar Plover Charadrius thoracicus
  174. Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius
  175. Chatham Islands Snipe Coenocorypha pusilla
  176. Spoon-billed Sandpiper Eurynorhynchus pygmeus
  177. Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola
  178. Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis
  179. Amami Woodcock Scolopax mira
  180. Moluccan Woodcock Scolopax rochussenii
  181. Black-fronted Tern Chlidonias albostriatus
  182. Olrog's Gull Larus atlanticus
  183. Lava Gull Larus fuliginosus
  184. White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus
  185. Red-legged Kittiwake Rissa brevirostris
  186. Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda
  187. Fairy Tern Sterna nereis
  188. Kerguelen Tern Sterna virgata
  189. Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis
  190. Japanese Murrelet Synthliboramphus wumizusume
  191. Silvery Wood-pigeon Columba argentina
  192. Dark-tailed Laurel Pigeon Columba bollii
  193. Pale-backed Pigeon Columba eversmanni
  194. White-tailed Laurel Pigeon Columba junoniae
  195. Peruvian Pigeon Columba oenops
  196. Somali Pigeon Columba oliviae
  197. Pale-capped Pigeon Columba punicea
  198. Maroon PigeonColumba thomensis
  199. Sri Lanka Wood-pigeon Columba torringtoni
  200. Tooth-billed Pigeon Didunculus strigirostris
  201. Cloven-feathered Dove Drepanoptila holosericea
  202. Polynesian Imperial-pigeon Ducula aurorae
  203. Vanuatu Imperial-pigeon Ducula bakeri
  204. Spotted Imperial-pigeon Ducula carola
  205. Timor Imperial-pigeonDucula cineracea
  206. New Caledonian Imperial-pigeon Ducula goliath
  207. Grey Imperial-pigeon Ducula pickeringii
  208. Christmas Island Imperial-pigeon Ducula whartoni
  209. Mindanao Bleeding-heart Gallicolumba criniger
  210. Wetar Ground-dove Gallicolumba hoedtii
  211. Santa Cruz Ground-dove Gallicolumba sanctaecrucis
  212. Western Crowned-pigeon Goura cristata
  213. Southern Crowned-pigeon Goura scheepmakeri
  214. Victoria Crowned-pigeon Goura victoria
  215. Ochre-bellied Dove Leptotila ochraceiventris
  216. Dark-eared Brown-dove Phapitreron cinereiceps
  217. Makatea Fruit-dove Ptilinopus chalcurus
  218. Red-naped Fruit-dove Ptilinopus dohertyi
  219. Carunculated Fruit-dove Ptilinopus granulifrons
  220. Rapa Fruit-dove Ptilinopus huttoni
  221. Henderson Fruit-dove Ptilinopus insularis
  222. Flame-breasted Fruit-dove Ptilinopus marchei
  223. Timor Green-pigeon Treron psittacea
  224. Black Cuckoo-doveTuracoena modesta
  225. Black-billed Amazon Amazona agilis
  226. Red-necked Amazon Amazona arausiaca
  227. Yellow-shouldered Amazon Amazona barbadensis
  228. St Vincent Amazon Amazona guildingii
  229. Imperial Amazon Amazona imperialis
  230. St Lucia Amazon Amazona versicolor
  231. Yellow-faced Amazon Amazona xanthops
  232. Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
  233. Blue-winged Macaw Ara maracana
  234. Military Macaw Ara militaris
  235. Golden-capped Parakeet Aratinga auricapilla
  236. Socorro Parakeet Aratinga brevipes
  237. Hispaniolan Parakeet Aratinga chloroptera
  238. Cuban Parakeet Aratinga euops
  239. White Cockatoo Cacatua alba
  240. Salmon-crested Cockatoo Cacatua moluccensis
  241. White-tailed Black-cockatoo Calyptorhynchus baudinii
  242. Glossy Black-cockatoo Calyptorhynchus lathami
  243. Slender-billed Black-cockatoo Calyptorhynchus latirostris
  244. Red-throated Lorikeet Charmosyna amabilis
  245. Blue-fronted Lorikeet Charmosyna toxopei
  246. Antipodes Parakeet Cyanoramphus unicolor
  247. Black-winged Lory Eos cyanogenia
  248. Horned Parakeet Eunymphicus cornutus
  249. Yellow-faced Parrotlet Forpus xanthops
  250. Swift Parrot Lathamus discolor
  251. Golden-plumed Parakeet Leptosittaca branickii
  252. Wallace's Hanging-parrot Loriculus flosculus
  253. Purple-naped Lory Lorius domicella
  254. Chattering Lory Lorius garrulus
  255. Scarlet-chested Parrot Neophema splendida
  256. New Zealand Kaka Nestor meridionalis
  257. Alexandra's Parrot Polytelis alexandrae
  258. Superb Parrot Polytelis swainsonii
  259. Luzon Racquet-tail Prioniturus montanus
  260. Blue-headed Racquet-tail Prioniturus platenae
  261. Mindanao Racquet-tail Prioniturus waterstradti
  262. Intermediate Parakeet Psittacula intermedia
  263. Salvadori's Fig-parrot Psittaculirostris salvadorii
  264. Iris Lorikeet Psitteuteles iris
  265. Pesquet's Parrot Psittrichas fulgidus
  266. White-necked Parakeet Pyrrhura albipectus
  267. Flame-winged Parakeet Pyrrhura calliptera
  268. Blue-chested Parakeet Pyrrhura cruentata
  269. El Oro Parakeet Pyrrhura orcesi
  270. Santa Marta Parakeet Pyrrhura viridicata
  271. Maroon-fronted Parrot Rhynchopsitta terrisi
  272. Black-lored Parrot Tanygnathus gramineus
  273. Spot-winged Parrotlet Touit stictoptera
  274. Mindanao Lorikeet Trichoglossus johnstoniae
  275. Blue Lorikeet Vini peruviana
  276. Henderson Lorikeet Vini stepheni

  277.