Italian Ornithological Web Site
by Alberto Masi since 1996
Biographical notes M - Z
MacKenzie, Mordaeus (?-?). British. Physician.
Magnol, Pierre (1683-1715). French. Physician and botanist, director of the botanical garden of Montpellier.
Mallet, Paul-Henri (1730-1807).
Malm (?-?). Swedish. Director of the Swedish East India Company.
Malmgren (?-?). Swedish.
Malpighi, Marcello (1628-1694). Italian. Anatomist and botanist. Observed the capillary vessels. Together with Nehemiah Grew one of the founders of microscopic plant anatomy.
Manetti, Xaverio (1723-1784). Italian. Doctor of medicine.
Mangor, Christian Elovius (1739-1801). Danish. Physician. Linnaeusís student in 1760-1762.
Mappus, Marcus, the Elder (1632-1701). German. Professor of botany and pathology, Padua, father of Marcus Mappus the Younger. Also known as Mappi.
Mappus, Marcus, the Younger (1666-1736). German. Alsatian botanist, Strasbourg. Son of Marcus Mappus the Elder. Also known as Mappi.
Marselis (?-?). Hungarian.
Martin, Anton Rolandsson (1729-1785). Swedish. Student of medicine.
Martin, Roland (1726-1788). Swedish. Physician and surgeon, professor of anatomy and surgery at the Collegium Medicum, Stockholm.
Martyn, John (1699-1768). British. Physician, professor of botany at Cambridge.
Mason, Charles (?-?). British. Director of the Woodwardian collection of mineralogy at Cambridge.
Masson, Francis (1741-1805). British. Botanist and gardener. Went to Cape in 1771 or 1772 and to Madeira, Canary Islands, the Azores and the Antilles in 1776. In 1783 he collected plants for Kew Gardens in Portugal and at the Cape. He died in Canada.
Mathesius, Johan (1709-1765). Swedish. Civil servant in public administration in Sweden and Finland from 1734, governor of Ostrobothnia 1763, student of Linnaeus. Brother of Per Niclas Mathesius.
Mathesius, Per Niclas (1711-1772). Swedish. Clergyman in Finland, student of Linnaeus. Brother of Johan Mathesius.
Matthiesen, Conrad (?-?).
Mattioli, Pietro Andrea Gregorio (1500-1577). Italian. Physician and botanist. Born in Siena, graduated at Padua. Active in Rome, Prague and Trento. First physician of Maximilian II. Also known as Matthiolus.
Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de (1698-1759). French. Astronomer and geodesist. Leader of the French expedition to Lapland in 1736-1737 to determine the shape of the earth. President of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.
Mayer, Andreas (1716-1782). German. Astronomer. Professor of physics and mathematics at Greifswald.
Maynard, J. (1706-1797). French. Historian, Nîmes.
Mead, Richard (1673-1754). British. Influential physician. Appointed physician to George II in 1727.
Meidinger, Carl de (?-?). Austrian. Nobleman.
Memsen, Eva (?-?). French.
Mencken, Friedrich Otto (1708-1754). German. Succeeded his father Johann Burckhard Mencken as professor of history, Leipzig.
Mennander (Fredenheim), Carl Fredrik (1712-1786). Swedish. Archbishop and scientist. As bishop of Åbo he promoted science. A new chair in chemistry, a laboratory, a botanical garden were founded at his initiative. A close friend of Linnaeus.
Mentzel, Christian (1622-1701). German. Botanist and sinologist, Berlin.
Messerschmied, Daniel Gottlieb (1685-1735). German. Botanist. Travelled in Siberia. Also known as Messerschmidt.
Meuschen, Friedrich Christian (1719-?). German. Naturalist. Diplomat in Danish service.
Meyer, Christian Paul (?-?).
Meyer, Johann Carl Friedrich (1739-1811). German. Pharmacist, Stettin. Linnaeusís student 1764-1766.
Michaëlis, Johann (1606-1667). German. Professor of medicine, Leipzig.
Michaëlis, Johann David (1717-1791). German. Professor of Oriental languages, Göttingen.
Micheli, Pietro Antonio (1679-1737). Italian. Botanist, curator of the botanical garden of Florence. Before Linnaeus the leading authority on cryptogames. Also known as Michieli.
Michelotti, Pietro Antonio (?-?). Italian. Doctor of medicine.
Mildahn, Johann Melchior (?-?). German.
Miller, John (1715-1780). German. Painter and engraver. Moved to London in 1744. Published Illustratio systematis sexualis Linnaei (1777). Also known as Johann Sebastian Müller.
Miller, Philip (1691-1771). British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic Garden. Corresponded with a many botanists. His rich herbarium was sold to Joseph Banks.
Missa, Henri (?-?). French. Physician. Arrived in Uppsala in 1748. Linnaeusís first foreign student.
Mitchell, John (?-1768). British. Physician.
Modéer, Adolph (1739-1799). Swedish. Economist, publisher, journalist, he showed great interest in natural history.
Moehring, Paul Heinrich Gerhard (1710-1792). German. East Frisian ornithologist, practising physician at Jever (Oldenburg).
Moehsen, Johann Carl Wilhelm (?-?). German. Doctor of medicine.
Monboddo, James Burnet, Lord (1714-1799). British. Author and philosopher.
Moncan, abbé de (?-?). French.
Monrad, Enricus (?-?). Danish. Son of Johan Monrad.
Monti, Guiseppe (1682-1760). Italian. Professor at Bologna.
Montin, Lars (1723-1785). Swedish. Physician and botanist. Studied medicine in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Nils Rosén von Rosenstein. Provincial physician of the province of Halland.
Moraea, Elisabeth Hansdotter (1691-1769). Swedish. Linnaeusís mother-in-law. Married to Johan Moraeus.
Moraea, Sara Elisabet (Sara Lisa) (1717-1806). Swedish. Linnaeusís wife, daughter of the town physician Johan Moraeus in Falun.
Moraeus, Johan (1762-1742). Swedish. Town physician at Falun, Linnaeusís father-in-law.
Moraeus, Pehr (1726-1792). Swedish. Linnaeus's brother-in-law, official of the mining administration.
Morand, Jean François Clément (1726-1804). French. Professor of anatomy, Paris.
Morison, Robert (1620-1683). British. Botanist and physician. Physician-in-ordinary to Charles II. Professor in botany at Oxford.
Moro, Antonio Lazzaro (?-?). Italian. Priest from Verona who wrote a remarkable work, Deí crostacei e degli altri marini corpi che si trouvano suí monti (1740), where he proposes his theories on the changes of earth after the creation.
Mortimer, Cromwell (?-1752). British. Doctor of medicine. Physician, secretary of the Royal Society.
Mortimer, John (1656?-1736). British. Author of agricultural works.
Moses, Philip (?-?). Dutch. Merchant.
Mounsey, James (?-?). British. Military physician.
Mourier, Charles-Henri (?-?). Danish. Pastor of the French Protestant Church in Stockholm 1763-1771.
Müller, Gerhard Friedrich (1705-1783).
Müller, Otto Frederik (1730-1784).
Münchhausen, Otto von (1716-1774). German. Chancellor of Göttingen University.
Munting, Abraham (1626-1683). Dutch. Botanist and horticulturist, professor of medicine at Groningen 1658-1683.
Murén, Olof (1704-1785). Swedish. Adjunct professor at Uppsala.
Murr, Christopher Theophil von (1733-1811). German. Scholar, customs officer at Nuremberg. He maintained an extensive correspondence with men of learning.
Murray, Adolf (1751-1803). Swedish. Professor of medicine and surgery at Uppsala. Studied under Linnaeus and Jonas Sidrén. He stayed abroad for four years, visited and studied in Göttingen, Florence, Vienna, Prague, Dresden and Paris.
Murray, Andreas (1695-1771). Swedish. Pastor of the German congregation in Stockholm.
Murray, Gustaf (1747-1825). Swedish. Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus. Bishop of Västerås.
Murray, Johan Andreas (1740-1791). Swedish. Physician and naturalist. Professor of medicine and botany and director of the botanical garden at Göttingen University. Translated Linnaeusís works into German.
Musschenbroek, Pieter van (1692-1761). Dutch. Physicist, naturalist. Professor of philosophy and mathematics at Duisburg, Utrecht and Leiden. One of the pioneers of modern experimental physics.
Mútis, José Celestino (1732-1808). Spanish. Botanist. Went to South America in 1760 and lived in Bogotá, which due to him became an important centre of learning. His comprehensive herbarium, manuscripts and numerous watercolour botanical illustrations were sent to Spain after his death.
Mygind, Franz von (c.1710-1789). Counsellor of the imperial court in Vienna.
Mylius, Christlob (1722-1754). German. Student of medicine.
Mylius, Martin (1542-1611).
Necker, Noël Joseph von (1729-1793).
Nettelbla, Christian von (1696-1775). Swedish. Professor of law at Greifswald, editor of historical sources. Called Nettelbladt before his ennoblement.
Neuman, Joseph (?-?). German. Jesuit.
Niebuhr, Carsten (1733-1815). Danish. Explorer of Arabia. In 1761 he visited Egypt and the Arabian peninsula.
Nietzel, Diedrich (1703-1756). German. George Cliffordís gardener at Hartecamp. Became university gardener at Uppsala, where he died.
Noailles, Louis, duc de (1713-1793). French. Nobleman and soldier, marshal of France. Also known as duc díAyen.
Noordgreen, H. J. (?-?). Swedish. Lived on Java. Reported to Linnaeus about insects, described in the dissertation Centuria insectorum (1763).
Noréen, Johan Erik (?-?). Swedish. Secretary of the chancellor of Uppsala University.
Nozeman, Cornelius (?-1786). Dutch. Naturalist, minister of the Remonstrant Church. He wrote the text of the first two volumes of Christian Seppís Nederlandsche vogelen (1770-1829).
Oeder, Carl Christian (?-?). German.
Oeder, Georg Christian (1728-1791). Botanist and economist. Studied under Albrecht von Haller in Göttingen and became professor of botany at Copenhagen. Minister of finance for Norway. Published the first three volumes of Flora Danica (1762-1772).
Oelreich, Niklas von (1699-1770). Swedish. Censor librorum 1744-1766. University librarian, professor of philosophy and public official. Linnaeusís student.
Oetinger, Ferdinand Christ. (1719-1772). German. Professor of medicine, Tübingen.
Olivecreutz (before ennoblement Gezelius), Johan (1721-1804). Swedish. Secretary of Åbo University. Judge of Scania and Blekinge.
Oosterdijk Schacht, Herman (1679-1744). Dutch. Professor of medicine, Leiden.
Oosterdijk Schacht, Johannes (1704-1792). Dutch. Professor of medicine at Utrecht. Son of Herman Oosterdijk Schacht. Also known as Osterdyck or Osterdycnius.
Orlow, Vladimir? (?-1832?). Russian. Count.
Ortega, Casimiro Gomez de (1740-1818). Spanish. Professor of botany, Madrid.
Ortega, José (?-1761). Spanish. Military pharmacist of the Spanish army. Secretary of the Academy of Medicine of Madrid.
Orville, Jacques-Philippe dí (1690-1751). Dutch. Professor of eloquence at Amsterdam. Gave Linnaeus money to produce the plates for Flora Lapponica. Brother of Pierre díOrville.
Orville, Jean dí (1659-1751). Dutch. Merchant. Father of Jacques-Philippe and Pierre díOrville.
Orville, Pierre dí (1697-1739). Dutch. Merchant, doctor of law. Gave Linnaeus money to produce the plates for Flora Lapponica. Brother of Jacques-Philippe díOrville.
Osaengius (?-?). Swedish. Bishop.
Osander, Olof (1700-1787). Swedish. Clergyman. Bishop of Växjö.
Osbeck, Pehr (1722-1805). Swedish. Clergyman, botanist explorer. Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus 1745-1750. Chaplain on ships of the Swedish East India Company on voyages to China. Vicar of Hasslöv (Halland).
Osborn (?-?). British.
Osterman, C. J. (?-?). Swedish.
Outhier, Reginaud (1694-1774). French. Clergyman and astronomer. Member of the French expedition to Lapland in 1736-1737 to determine the shape of the earth. Author of Journal díun voyage au Nord fait en 1736-1737 (1744).
Overkamp, Thuin Christ. Wilhelm (?-?). German.
Pallas, Peter Simon (1741-1811). German. Naturalist and explorer. Pallas studied at the universities of Göttingen and Leiden. In 1768 he was called to Russia to take part in an expedition to Siberia, the aim of which was to study the passage of Venus. Pallas remained in Russia for the greater part of his life.
Palm, Fr. Chr. (1742-1827). Swedish. Doctor of chemistry, physician, Västervik.
Palmstierna, Nils (1696-1766). Swedish. Baron, diplomat, chancellor of Lund University.
Panin, Nikita Ivanovitz (1718-1783). Russian. Statesman, ambassador in Stockholm.
Parkinson, John (1567-1650). British. Apothecary and botanist to Jacob I. Author of Theatrum botanicum (1640).
Pasquay, P. (?-?). Portugese.
Pauli, Johann Ulrich (?-?). German. Doctor of law.
Paulli, Simon (1603-1680). German. Botanist and physician, professor of medicine at Copenhagen.
Peine, Elias (?-?). German. Supervisor of Casar Boseís garden at Leipzig.
Pennant, Thomas (1726-1798). British. Naturalist, best known for his works on zoology.
Perier (?-?). French. Merchant from Montpellier.
Petersen von Heidenstam, Johan Christian (1739-1774). Swedish. Physician. Son of Peter Petersen von Heidenstam.
Petersen von Heidenstam, Peter (1708-1783). Swedish. Physician-in-ordinary to Adolf Fredrik.
Petiver, James (c.1663-1718). British. Apothecary. Collector of natural history specimens. His herbarium contained more than 5000 items.
Pfauz, Johann (1622-1674). German. Botanist.
Phelsum, Murk van (?-?). Dutch. Student of medicine.
Philibert, Claude (1709-1784). Swiss.
Piderit, R. A. (?-?). German. Doctor of theology.
Pinard, C. (?-?).
Pitt, W. M. (?-?). British.
Plantin, Nic. Olof (?-1789). Swedish. Vicar of Umeå. Also known as Plantinus.
Plathner, Felix (?-?).
Platz, Anton Wilhelm (1708-1784). German. Botanist, professor of botany at Leipzig.
Plukenet, Leonard (1642-1706). British. Botanist and physician. Botanist to Mary II (wife of William III). Superintendent of Hampton Court.
Plumier, Charles (1646-1704). French. Botanist, travelled in Central America and the Carribean. Linnaeus generally approved of the descriptions in his richly illustrated botanical works.
Poda, Nic. (?-?). Greek.
Poltzer, Peter (?-?). German.
Pontedera, Giulio (1688-1757). Italian. Director of the botanical garden and professor of botany at Padua. He rejected Linnaeusís system. Linnaeus named a family of Narcissoides, Pontederia, after him.
Pontin, David (1733-1809). Swedish. Clergyman and naturalist. Studied at Uppsala University under Linnaeus. Chaplain to the Swedish East India Company. Dean of Häggestad and Oppeby.
Poortennius, Ver. (?-?).
Posse, Mauritz (1712-1787). Swedish. Baron. Swedish envoy at the Russian court. Governor of the province of Älvsborg.
Pott, Johann Friedrich (1738-1805). German. Personal physician of the duke of Brunswick.
Pourret, Pierre André (1754-1818). French. Clergyman (?), Narbonne.
Prehm (?-?). Major, naval commander.
Preis, Joachim Fredrik (1667-1759). Swedish. Count and diplomat. He served for 57 years as secretary at the Swedish legation in The Hague.
Preussiche Akademie der Wissenschaften. The Prussian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1700.
Prévost, G. (?-?). French. Artist. Employed by the king of France at the Trianon.
Printzenschiöld, Erik Adolf (1718-1796). Swedish. Officer.
Puente Fuerte, Marquise de (?-?).
Pythagoras (c.580-500 BC). Greek. Philosopher.
Raab, Christina Magdalena (?-1769). Swedish. Wife of Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin.
Radermacher, Jacob Cornelis Matthias (1742-1783). Dutch. Bailiff of the city of Batavia.
Raibaud, Gaspard (1695-1781). French. Teacher of French at Uppsala University.
Ramsay, Robert (?-?). British. Professor, Edinburgh(?).
Rand, Isaac (?-1743). British. Botanist.
Rask, Johan (1678-1744). Norwegian. Clergyman. Spent some years in the Danish colony on the Gold Coast. Being interested in natural history he made botanical and zoological observations. He met Linnaeus in 1732.
Rathgeb, Joseph von (?-?). Austrian. Naturalist, premier of Venice.
Ratte, Etienne-Hyacinthe de (1722-1805).
Ray, John (1627-1705). British. Naturalist and clergyman. One of the most influential botanists before Linnaeus. Also known as Rajus or Wray.
Razoumowsky, Kirill Grigorjevitj (1728-1803). Russian. Nobleman and soldier. President of the Imperial Academy of Sciences, St Petersburg.
Réaumur, René-Antoine Ferchault de (1683-1757). French. Physicist and naturalist. Hiss works cover geometry, technology, mineralogy, ornithology. His collections of natural history objects, mineralogy etc. were given to the Académie des sciences after his death.
Reden, Johann Ernst Wilhelm von (?-?). German. Court counsellor to the duke of Brunswick.
Regenfuss, Franz Michael (1713-1780). German. Engraver and art-dealer.
Rehn, Jean Eric (1717-1793). Swedish. Architect, assisted Linnaeus and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences with drawings of natural history specimens. Also known as Rheen.
Reneaulme de La Garanne, Michel-Louis de (1675-1739). French. Professor of medicine and botany at Paris.
Renier, Jacob (?-?). German. Merchant.
Renmarck, Carl Jacob, the Younger (?-?). Swedish.
Renmark, Carl (?-?). Swedish. Schoolmaster, Hudiksvall.
Retzius, Anders Jahan (1742-1821). Swedish. Botanist and zoologist. Professor of natural history at Lund.
Retzius, Nils (1717-1757). Swedish. Physician, Scania. Linnaeusís fellow student at Lund.
Reuss (17??-17??). Merchant.
Reuterholm, Axel Gottlieb (1714-1763). Swedish. Baron, statesman. Private pupil of Linnaeus.
Reuterholm, Nils Esbjörnsson (1675-1756). Swedish. Nobleman, diplomat and public official, governor of Dalecarlia. Reuterholm showed interest in science and correponded with Leibniz and others. He admired Linnaeus and paid for his journey in Dalecarlia in 1734.
Rhades (?-?). German. From Stettin?
Rheede, Ginkel van (?-?).
Ribben, Evald (1730-1790). Swedish. Physician. Son of Evald Ribe the Younger.
Ribe, Carl Fredrik (1708-1764). Swedish. Eye surgeon. Personal surgeon to Adolf Fredrik. Son of Evald Ribe the Elder.
Ribe, Evald, the Elder (1667-1753). Swedish. Personal surgeon to Karl XII. Director of the Swedish Society of Surgeons.
Ribe, Evald, the Younger (1701-1752). Swedish. Surgeon. President of the Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Brother of Carl Frederik Ribe.
Richard, Antoine (?-?). French. Related to Claude Richard.
Richard, Claude (?-?). French. Botanist. The kingís gardener at the Trianon.
Richard, Louis-Claude-Marie (1754-1821). French. Botanist. He went to the Antilles and Guyana in 1781. Professor of botany at Paris. Son of Claude Richard.
Richardson, Richard (1663-1741). British. Botanist and antiquary.
Riddarhuset. The House of the Nobility in Stockholm was until 1866 one of the four estates, which together formed the Swedish Parliament.
Rinder, Andreas (?-?). German.
Ristell, Adolf (?-?). Swedish.
Rivinus, August Quirinus (1652-1723). German. Professor of medicine and botany at Leipzig. Constructed a plant classification system based on petals. Also known as Rivius.
Robbe, François (?-?). French.
Roberg, Lars (1664-1742). Swedish. Physician and naturalist. Professor of medicine at Uppsala. Founder of the first university hospital.
Robson, James (?-?). British. Bookseller.
Roederer, Jean-Georges (1726-1763). French. Obstetrician.
Roëll, Wilhelm (1700-1775). Dutch. Professor of anatomy at Amsterdam.
Rolander, Daniel (1725-1793). Swedish. Naturalist and explorer. Studied at Uppsala University under Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Romé de líIsle, Jean Baptiste Louis de (1736-1790). French. Mineralogist.
Rommel, Nils (?-1754). Swedish. Treasurer of Uppsala University.
Rondelet, Guillaume (1507-1566). French. Naturalist, ichtyologist whose De piscibus (Lyon 1555) was one the first works in marine zoology.
Rosén von Rosénstein, Nils (1706-1773). Swedish. Physician and professor of medicine. Colleague of Linnaeus at Uppsala. The founder of modern pediatrics.
Rosenblad, Eberhard (1714-1796). Swedish. Born Rosén, ennobled Rosenblad in 1770, brother of Nils Rosén von Rosenstein. Also known as Rosén.
Rothenberg, Charlotta (?-1761). Swedish. Third wife of Olof Rudbeck the Younger.
Rotheram, Catharina (?-?). British.
Rotheram, John (1750-1804). British. Naturalist. Professor of natural philosophy at St Andrews, Scotland. Linnaeusís student 1773-1775.
Rothman, Anna Elisabeth (?-?). Swedish. Wife of Johan Stensson Rothman, Linnaeusís teacher at Växjö.
Rothman, Göran (Georg) (1739-1778). Swedish. Physician, botanist, translator. Studied under Linnaeus. Went to Tripoli in 1773. Translator of Voltaire, Pope and others. Son of Johan Stensson Rothman.
Rothman, Joh. Ludvig (?-?). Swedish.
Rothman, Johan Stensson (1684-1763). Swedish. Physician and botanist. Studied at Harderwijk and Leiden under Boerhaave. Influenced by Sébastien Vaillant, whose theory on plant sexuality he introduced to his pupil, Linnaeus, while he was lecturer at Växjö gymnasium.
Rottböll, Christian Friis (1727-1797). Danish. Botanist and physician. Professor of medicine at Copenhagen. Linnaeusís student.
Rousier (?-?). French. Merchant in Haarlem. Brother of Rousier de Boutenet.
Rousier de Boutenet (?-?). French. Brother of Rousier.
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques (1712-1778). Swiss. Writer and philosopher.
Royal Society, London. The Royal Society was founded in Oxford in 1645 and sanctioned as a royal society in 1662.
Royen, Adriaan van (1705-1779). Dutch. Professor of botany, director of the botanical garden of Leiden.
Royen, David van (1727-1799). Dutch. Professor of botany at Leiden and director of its botanical garden.
Rozier, François (1734-1793).
Rudbeck, Adolph (1726-1801). Swedish. Marshal of the court. Son of Olof Rudbeck the Younger.
Rudbeck, Alexander (?-?). Swedish. Officer. Son of Olof Rudbeck the Younger.
Rudbeck, Christina Charlotta (?-?). Swedish. Daughter of Olof Rudbeck the Younger.
Rudbeck, Johan Olof (1711-1790). Swedish. Public official. Son of Olof Rudbeck the Younger. President of the Bergskollegium.
Rudbeck, Olof, the Elder (1630-1702). Swedish. Physician, historian, naturalist. Founder of the Uppsala University Botanical Garden. Professor of medicine at Uppsala.
Rudbeck, Olof, the Younger (1660-1740). Swedish. Professor of medicine, botanist, ornithologist, travelled in Lapland. Linnaeusís teacher.
Rudbeck, Olof Fredrik (?-?). Swedish. Head forestry officer. Son of Olof Rudbeck the Younger.
Rudenschöld, Carl (1698-1783). Swedish. Count. Politician, diplomat and author. Councillor of the realm, chancellor of Uppsala University.
Rudolph, Johann Heinrich (1744-1809). German. Botanist from Jena, professor of botany at St Petersburg in 1783, disciple of Linnaeus.
Rülingius, Johann Philip (1741-?). German. Doctor of medicine, Nordheim.
Rumpf, Georg Eberhard (1628-1702). Dutch. Naturalist and merchant in the service of the Dutch East India Company. Governor of the Dutch colony Ambon. He published two works on the flora of the isle of Ambon. Also known as Rumphius.
Ruppe, Heinrich Bernhard (1688-1719). German. Student of medicine, botanist. Also known as Ruppius.
Russel, Alexander (?-1768). British. Scottish doctor of medicine.
Ruysch, Frederik (1638-1731). Dutch. Physician and naturalist. Professor of botany at Amsterdam in 1685, later in anatomy. Also known as Ruisch.
Rydelius, Anders (1671-1738). Swedish. Swedish consul at Smyrna, where he met Fredrik Hasselquist.
Sage, Balthazar George (1740-1824). French. Chemist and mineralogist. Director of the Ecole des mines.
Sagor, Michael (?-?). Austrian.
Sagramoso, marquis (?-1791). Italian. Nobleman, Verona.
Sahlberg, Johan (1741-1810). Swedish. Physician, lecturer in physics at Härnösand.
Salgues, Gautier de (?-?). French. Doctor of medicine at Montpellier University.
Saltzmann, Johann Gottfried (?-?). German. Physician, Strasbourg. Studied at Leiden from 1737.
Salvius, Lars (1706-1773). Swedish. Printer, bookseller, publisher.
Samzelius, Gustaf (1710-1739). Swedish. Student of medicine. Gardener of the Uppsala University Botanical Garden.
Sanchez, Antonio-Nunes Ribeiro (1699-1783). Portugese.
Sandin, Anna Margareta (1722-1787). Swedish. Wife of Johan Sandin, then of Pehr Kalm.
Sandin, Johan (?-1748). Swedish. Clergyman in New Jersey.
Sangiorgio, Giovanni Ambrosio (?-?). Italian. Pharmacist.
Sapte, abbé de (?-?). French.
Sauvages, François Boissier de La Croix de (1706-1767). French. Botanist and clergyman and physician, professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Sauvages, Pierre Augustin de, abbé (1710-1795). French. Brother of François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages.
Scepin, Constantin (1727-?). Russian. Russian botanist and physician. Studied at Leiden.
Scheer, F. A. (?-?). German. Clergyman.
Scheffer, Carl Fredrik (1715-1786). Swedish. Count, diplomat, politician. Tutor to the Swedish crown prince Gustav. Influenced by the physiocrats in France.
Scheffer, Ulrik (1716-1799). Swedish. Count, army officer, diplomat and politician.
Schefferus, Johannes (1621-1679). Swedish. Philologist and historian of German origin. Professor of eloquence and political science at Uppsala.
Scheidenburg, Daniel (1720-?). Swedish. Clergyman. Studied under Linnaeus. Chaplain at the Swedish legation in Madrid. Copied Pehr Löflingís manuscripts.
Schelhammer, Günther Christoph (1649-1716). German. Professor of botany at Helmstädt, later in anatomy, surgery and botany at Jena.
Scheuchzer, Johann (1684-1738). Swiss. Botanist, professor of physics at Zürich.
Scheuchzer, Johann Jacob (1672-1733). Swiss. Naturalist, physician, historian, mathematician, founder of palaeontology. Johann Scheuchzerís brother.
Schiffermüller, Ignatius (?-?). Austrian. Architect.
Schläger, Julius Carl (?-?). German. Librarian and antiquarian of the duke of Saxe-Gotha. Also known as Schlaegerus.
Schlosser, Johan Albert (?-1769). Dutch. Doctor of medicine, naturalist, collector of natural history objects. After his death a number of the specimens in his collections were described by Pieter Boddaert.
Schlüter, Christoph Andreas (?-?). Chemist (mining).
Schmidel, Casimir Christopher (1718-1792). German. Professor of medicine, Erlangen.
Scholler, Friedrich Adam (1718-1795). German. Botanist. Teacher at the community of Moravian Brethren at Barby.
Schönberg, Anders (1689-1759). Swedish. Forestry officer. Father of Anders Schönberg the Younger. Owner of Hammarby, which was sold to Linnaeus in 1758.
Schönberg, Anders, the Younger (1737-1811). Swedish. Historian and politician. Official Swedish historiographer and heraldist.
Schonevelde, Stephan (?-?). Dutch. Author of Ichtyologia Slesvici et Holsatiae (1624). Also known as Schonfeld.
Schonhooven , Johannes van (?-?). Dutch. Bookseller operating under the style of Schoonhoven & Comp.
Schönström,, Catharina (1683-1717). Swedish. Married to Olof Rudbeck the Younger.
Schoon, Theodorus (?-?).
Schouten, Salomon (1689?-1750). Dutch. Bookseller and publisher, Amsterdam. Linnaeusís publisher.
Schreber, Daniel Gottfried (?-?). German. Professor of economy.
Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von (1737-1810). German. Physician and botanist. Became doctor of medicine at Uppsala under Linnaeus in 1760. Professor of botany and director of the botanical garden of Erlangen.
Schreuder, Johann (?-?). German.
Schröd, Lucas (1646-1730). German. Physician and naturalist, Augsburg. Also known as Schroeder.
Schubert, Florentina (?-?). Swedish. Married to Kilian Stobaeus.
Schulz, Ernst Christopher (?-1740). German. Doctor of philosophy, collector of natural history objects.
Schulz von Schulzenheim, David (1732-1823). Swedish. Physician. Studied at Uppsala, where he attended Linnaeusís lectures. Went to England. Together with Nils Rosén von Rosenstein he introduced inoculation for smallpox in Sweden.
Schwan, Georg (1722-1756). Swedish. Military surgeon in Prussia.
Scopoli, Giovanni Antonio (1723-1788). Italian.
Scorturinsky (?-?). Polish. Nobleman.
Seba, Albert (1665-1736). Dutch. Pharmacist and collector of natural history specimens, Amsterdam.
Seeger, J. G. (?-?). German. Doctor of medicine.
Séguier, Jean François (1703-1784). French. Antiquarian and botanist, Nimes.
Sekreta Utskottet. Swedish. Committee of the Swedish parliament, where foreign policy was discussed.
Severino, Marco Aurelio (1580-1656). Italian. Naturalist, professor of anatomy and medicine at Naples. Also known as Severinus.
Shaw, Thomas (1692-1751). British. Explorer, professor of Greek at Oxford. Collector of natural history objects. Travelled in the Middle East and in Africa.
Sherard, William (1659-1722). British. British consul in Smyrna. Collector of botanical specimens. Took the initiative to the first chair in botany at Oxford. The first professor was Johan Jacob Dillenius. Owner of the estate Eltham in Kent.
Sibthorp, Humphrey (1713-1797). British. Professor of botany at Oxford.
Sidrén, Jonas (1723-1799). Swedish. Physician. Professor of medicine and anatomy at Uppsala.
Siegesbeck, Johann Georg (1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist, doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in 1716, physician and director of the botanical garden at St Petersburg 1735-1747. One of the most bitter opponents of Linnaeusís sexual system.
Skene, David (?-?). British. Physician, Aberdeen.
Skjöldebrand, Erik (1722-1814). Swedish. Swedish consul in Algier, head of the Swedish Board of Trade. Also known as Brander.
Sloane, Hans (1660-1753). British. Physician, naturalist and collector. Secretary of the Royal Society in 1693, president in 1727. Sloaneís collections of natural history objects were donated to the English nation and were one of cornerstones of the British Museum (1759).
Società Botanica Fiorentina. The first botanical society in Europe, founded by Pier Antonio Micheli. Merged in 1783 with the Accademia dei Georgofili.
Societas Commerciorum Lit. Norimbergicorum.
Sohlberg, Claes (1711-1773). Swedish. Physician, studied natural history and medicine at Uppsala 1723-1734. Accompanied Linnaeus on his tour in Dalecarlia in 1734 and on his Dutch journey. Doctor of medicine at Leiden in 1735.
Sohlberg, Eric (?-?). Swedish. Inspector of the great copper mine of Falun. Father of Claes Sohlberg.
Solander, Carl (1699-1760). Swedish. Dean of Piteå. Amateur scientist. Father of Daniel Solander. Members of Maupertuisí and Anders Celsiusís expedition visited his vicarage in 1737 and 1737.
Solander, Daniel (1733-1782). Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in 1760. Curator of natural history collections at the British Museum. Botanist on Cookís first voyage 1768-1771. Joseph Bankís librarian.
Sommelsdyck, François van Aerssen (1660-1740). Dutch. Admiral who inherited from his father Cornelis one third of Surinam. Was one of the members of Geoctroyeerde Sociëteit van Suriname. Lord of Sommelsdijk and Châtillon.
Sotberg, Erik af (1724-1781). Swedish. Philologist.
Soubry, Joseph André Ignace (1705-1774). French. Amateur entomologist, treasurer of France.
Sparre, Fredrik (1731-1803). Swedish. Count. Councillor of the realm.
Sparrman, Anders (1748-1820). Swedish. Professor of natural history and pharmacy. Studied under Linnaeus 1757-1765. Went to China as shipís surgeon. Stayed at Cape in 1772 and 1775-1776 and was accepted as physician and naturalist on Cookís second voyage 1772-1775. Curator at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Professor at the Collegium Medicum, Stockholm.
Spener, Jean Charles (?-?).
Spengler, Lorenz (1729-1808). Danish. Conchyliologist, Copenhagen.
Spöring, Herman Diedric (1701-1747). Swedish. Professor of medicine at Åbo in 1728.
Spreckelsen, Johann Heinrich von (?-1764). German. Collector of natural history specimens, Hamburg.
Springsfeld, Gottlieb Carl (?-?).
Staaf, Martin (1731-1788). Swedish. Director of economy, Gothenburg.
Stabel, J. B. (?-?). Danish.
Stachieff, A. (?-?).
Stähelin, Benedikt (1695-1750). Swiss. Botanist. Studied under Sébastien Vaillant and Albrecht von Haller, professor of physics in Basle. Also known as Staehelin.
Stahl, Georg Ernst (1660-1734). German. Physician and chemist. Professor of medicine at Halle. From 1715 president of the Collegium medicum in Berlin. One of the leaders of early eighteenth-century vitalism.
Starke, Richard (?-?). American.
Steller, Georg Wilhelm (1709-1746). German. Voyager, who sailed with Vitus Bering and returned with important collections from Kamchatka.
Stenbock, Arvid Nils (1738-1782). Swedish. Count, chamberlain, colonel.
Stillingfleet, Benjamin (1702-1771). British. Author. In Miscellaneous tracts on natural history he presented Linnaeusís method to the reading public.
Stobaeus, Kilian (1690-1742). Swedish. Physician and naturalist. Professor of philosophy, physics and natural history, from 1732 of history, at Lund. Linnaeusís teacher.
Stockhofen (?-?). Literary agent.
Strahlenberg, Philip Johan (1677-1747). Swedish. Officer, ennobled in 1707, taken prisoner at the Battle of Poltava, brought to Siberia, where he spent 13 years and also did some research. Also known as Tabbert.
Strandberg, Zacharias (1712-1792). Swedish. Admirality physician.
Strandman, Petter (1743-1779). Swedish. Physician. Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus. Demonstrator at the botanical garden of the Seraphimer Hospital in Stockholm. Physician at the copper mine of Falun.
Strange, John (1732-1799).
Stränigstie, Dorothea Lutherinna Helena (?-?). German.
Ström, Hans (1726-1797). Norwegian. Clergyman. Professor of theology.
Strussenfelt, Alexander Michael von (1716-1797). Swedish. Major general.
Stuart (?-?). German. Doctor of medicine, physician at Danzig.
Subeos, J. P. von (?-?).
Suhm, Peter Friederich (1728-1798). Danish. Historian and book-collector.
Surian, Jos. Donat. (?-1691). French. Physician from Marseille, accompanied Charles Plumier to St Domingo in 1690.
Svanberg, Seger (?-1740). Swedish. Surveyor of the mines of northern Sweden.
Svea Hovrätt. Supreme court of Sweden.
Svenonia, Brita Cecilia (?-?). Swedish. Married to Christian Svenonius.
Svenonius, Christian (?-?). Swedish. University treasurer, Lund.
Swammerdam, Jan (1637-1680). Dutch. Naturalist. By his microscopical studies Swammerdam made fundamental scientific contributions to the study of entomology. Boerhaave edited his Biblia naturae sive historia insectorum (1737-1738).
Swieten, Gerhard van (1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave. Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where he organised the public health system.
Tabernaemontanus, Jacob Theodor (c.1520-1590). German. Pharmacist, physician-in-ordinary to the Kurfurst of Pfalz at Heidelberg.
Tachsett, David Gottlieb (?-?). German. Secretary of the Society of Economy at Leipzig.
Targioni-Tozzetti, Giovanni (1712-1783). Italian. Physician and botanist, associate of Pietro Antonio Micheli, director of Florence medico-botanical garden 1737-1749. Also known as Targionius.
Targioni-Tozzetti, Ottaviano (1755-1829). Italian. Son of Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti.
Tärnström, Christopher (1711-1746). Swedish. Clergyman and botanist. At the recommendation of Linnaeus, he was accepted as chaplain by the Swedish East India Company. In 1746 he departed for China but died on the island of Pulo Candor, Vietnam.
Taube, Johann (1727-1799). German. Court physician, Celle.
Teichmeyer, Hermann Friedrich (1685-1746). German. Physician, physicist and botanist, professor of experimental physics at Jena in 1717, later professor of botany, surgery and anatomy.
Teichmeyer, Sophie Amalia Christina (1722-1795). Swiss. Third wife of Albrecht von Haller.
Templeman, Peter (?-?). British.
Tesdorpf, P. H. (?-?). German.
Tessin, Carl Gustaf (1695-1770). Swedish. Count, important politician and patron of science and art. He supported Swedish artists and scientists and collected art, books and natural history objects. He assisted Linnaeusís career in many ways.
Thal, Johann (1542/43-1583). German. Botanist and physician in Nordhausen.
The Chelsea Physic Garden. Founded in 1673 by the Society of Apothecaries.
Theophrastus (374 BC-287 BC). Greek. philosopher and naturalist. Also known as Theophrastos.
Thornton, John (?-?). British.
Thoüin, André (1747-1824). French. Botanist. Gardener at the Jardin des plantes, Paris.
Threlkeld, Caleb (1676-1728). British. Botanist.
Thunberg, Carl Peter (1743-1728). Swedish. Botanist, physician, explorer. Professor of medicine and botany at Uppsala. Studied medicine under Linnaeus in Uppsala, medicine and surgery in Paris, natural history under Johannes Burman in Amsterdam. Travelled in South Africa in 1772-1775, in Japan 1775-1776, Java and Ceylon in 1777-1778.
Tidström, Anders Philip (1723-1779). Swedish. Chemist and metallurgist. Studied under Linnaeus. University teacher of chemistry.
Tilas, Daniel (172-1772). Swedish. Nobleman. Mineralogist, official heraldist, genealogist.
Tilli, Michelangelo (1665-1740). Italian. Professor of botany, supervisor of the botanical garden, Pisa.
Tilliandz, Elias Erici (1640-1693). Swedish. Physician and botanist, doctor of medicine in Leiden in 1690, later professor of medicine at Åbo, Finland. Also known as Til-landz or Tilliander.
Tislef, Hans (1732-1788). Danish. Botanist in Norway. Linnaeusís student in 1771.
Tjeenk, Juste (?-?). Dutch.
Tonning, Henrik (1732-1796). Danish. Physician and explorer, Trondheim. Linnaeusís student 1766-1768.
Torén, Olof (1718-1753). Swedish. Clergyman, naturalist. Linnaeusís pupil. Went to China in 1748-1749 and to India and China in 1750-1752.
Torre, Giovanni Maria della (1713-1782). Italian. Naturalist, Naples. Head of the Royal Library and Museum at Capo di Monte. Well known for the excavations at Herculaneum and Pompei.
Tournefort de, Joseph Pitton (1656-1708). French. Botanist and explorer, professor of botany at Paris.
Tramp, Johann Gottfried (?-?). German.
Trendelenburg, Karl Ludwig Friedrich (1724-1792). German.
Treuer, de (?-?). Dutch.
Trew, Christopher Jacob (1695-1769). German. Botanist, physician and counsellor of the margrave of Ansbach.
Triewald, Mårten (1691-1747). Swedish. Merchant and technician, one of the founders of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Troil, Uno von (1746-1803). Swedish. Archbishop.
Troilius, Magnus (1704-1762). Swedish. Clergyman. Chaplain of the Swedish legation in Constantinople, later chaplain to the king, dean of Husby.
Tulbagh, C. Ryk (?-?). Dutch. Governor at the Cape. He sent plants, bulbs and seeds to Linnaeus in 1761.
Tunstall, Marmaduke (?-?). British. Ornithologist.
Turra, Antonio (1730-1796). Italian. Botanist, mineralogist and practicing physician at Vicenza.
Turre, Joannes à (fl.1673). Italian. Naturalist.
Tuvén, Erik (1721-?). Swedish. Botanist. Employed by the Collegium Medicum, demonstrator of the botanical garden of the Seraphimer Hospital in Stockholm.
Ulrika Eleonora, queen of Sweden (1688-1741). Swedish. Reigned 1719-1741. Wife of Fredrik I, sister of Karl XII.
Ummius, Johann Anton (1683-1741). German. Physician and botanist in the province of Jever.
Unaeus, Olof J. (1704-1770). Swedish. Dean of Frösö.
Unidentified (?-?). Swedish. Carl Fredrik Mennanderís commission agent in Stockholm.
Uppsala Universitet. Uppsala University was founded in 1477.
Uppsala Universitets konsistorium. The Consistorium of Uppsala University. Also known as Consistorium academicum.
Upsala Cancellie. Swedish.
Ursin, Leonhard (1618-1664). German. Professor of botany in 1652, and of physiology in 1656, at Leipzig.
Vahl, Martin Hendriksen (1749-1804). Danish. Professor of botany at Copenhagen. Linnaeusís student 1769-1774.
Vaillant, Sébastien (1669-1722). French. Botanist and surgeon. Professor at the Jardin des plantes. His theory on plant sexuality influenced Linnaeus who regarded Vaillant as one of the most important botanists.
Valltravers, Johann Rodolph de (1723-?). Swiss. Linnaeusís student 1760-1761. Preceptor of the three brothers Demidoff. Thomas Pennantís intermediary with Charles De Geer.
Valmont de Bomare, Jacques-Christophe (1731-1807). French.
Vandelli, Domenico (?-?). Portugese. Professor in Lisbon.
Vandenhoeck, Abram (?-?). Albrecht von Hallerís printer at Göttingen.
Vater, Abraham (1684-1751). German. Professor of anatomy, botany, pathology at Wittenberg.
Vaugelas (?-?). French. Major, Sète.
Velez, Christobal (?-1753). Spanish. Pharmacist, Madrid.
Vergennes, Charles Gravier, comte de (1717-1787). French. Diplomat, minister of foreign affairs. French ambassador in Sweden in 1771.
Vicq d'Azyr, Félix (1748-1794).
Vigna, Dominicus (?-?).
Vinge, Erik (?-1729). Swedish. Gardener of the Uppsala University Botanical Garden.
Violante, Philippe de (?-?).
Vogel, Rudolph Augustin (1724-1775). German. Physician, and botanist. Professor of medicine at Göttingen.
Vogel, Zacharias (?-?). German. Doctor of medicine and surgery.
Vosmaer, A. (?-?). Dutch. Director of the cabinet of natural history of the prince of Orange at the Hague.
Voullaire, J. (?-?). French.
Wachendorff, Evert Jacob van (1702-1758). Dutch. Physician and botanist. Studied in Leiden and Utrecht. Professor of medicine, chemistry and botany at Utrecht.
Waesberge (?-?). Dutch.
Wagner, Johann Gerhard (?-1759). German. Physician at Lübeck.
Wagner, Peter Christian (1703-1764). German. Physician in Bayreuth.
Wahlbom, Johan Gustaf (1724-1808). Swedish. Physician and naturalist. Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus, anatomy, surgery and obstretics at Wittenberg. Provincial physician at Kalmar.
Walker, John (?-?). British. Scottish clergyman, Edinburgh.
Wallerius, Johan Gottschalk (1709-1785). Swedish. Professor of chemistry at Uppsala.
Wallin the Younger, Georg (1686-1760). Swedish. Bishop and antiquarian. Went on a tour to Germany, Holland and England in 1708-1710 and to France in 1720-1723. University librarian at Uppsala, later bishop of Gothenburg.
Walther, Augustin Friederich (1688-1746). German. Physican and botanist, professor of anatomy and surgery at Leipzig.
Wandelaar, Jan (1690-1759). Dutch. Illustrator. Studied anatomy in Leiden before he was engaged by Sébastien Vaillant and Frederik Ruyschs. He was employed by George Clifford to make the engravings for Hortus Cliffortianus.
Wännman, C. H. (1733-1797). Swedish. Doctor of medicine. Shipís surgeon, Swedish East India Company. Provincial physician in Åbo.
Wargentin, Pehr Wilhelm (1717-1783). Swedish. Astronomer and statistician. Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences since 1749.
Warner, Richard (1711/1713?-1775). British. Classicist and botanist.
Watson, William, Sir (1715-1787). British. Physician, physicist and botanist. Studied at Halle and Wittenberg. Physician to the Foundling Hospital in London.
Weigel, Chistian Ehrenfried (1748-1831). German. Doctor of medicine. Director of the botanical garden of Greifswald. Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Weinmann, Johann Wilhelm (1683-1741). German. Pharmacist and botanist.
Weissmann, Johann Friderich (1678-1760). German. Professor of medicine, Halle.
Welsch, Christian Ludwig (1669-1719). German. Professor of medicine, Leipzig.
Wepfer, Johann Jakob (1620-1695). Swiss. Anatomist.
Wetterberg, Pehr (1724-1803). Swedish. Clergyman. Dean of Värö congregation (Gothenburg).
Wettstein, Jacques (1706-1775). German. Bookseller and printer in Amsterdam and Leiden.
White, John (?-?). British. Vicar of Blackburn.
Widmann, Johann Wilhelm (1690-1743). Physician. Director of the Academia Caesarea Leopoldino-Carolina Naturae Curiosorum in 1735.
Wiedeman, Georg (1736-1762). Danish. Naturalist.
Wilcke, Johan Carl (1732-1796).
Wilcke, Samuel Gustaf (1732-1796). Swedish. Physicist. Professor of experimental physics at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, of which he was the secretary from 1784.
Wilhelmij, Didr. (?-?). Swedish.
William III, king of England (1650-1702). British. Stateholder of the Netherlands. Reigned in England from 1689.
Willoughby, Francis (1635-1672). British. Zoologist, whose works on ornithology and ichtyology were important sources of information before Linnaeus. Also known as Willughby.
Wilse, Jacob Nicolai (1736-1801). Danish. Clergyman in Norway. Professor.
Wipacher, David (1723-?). German. Botanist.
Wirthof (?-?). German. Physician.
Wishoff, Conrad (?-?). Dutch. Publisher in Leiden 1710-1750. Wishoff published Classes plantarum and Genera plantarum by Linnaeus as well as Pehr Artediís Ichtyologia.
Wishoff, Georg Jacob (?-?). Dutch. Printer and publisher, son of Conrad Wishoff.
Witt, Cornelis de (?-?). Dutch. Bookseller, Amsterdam.
Woide, Car. Godofr. (?-?). British.
Wolf, Hans Caspar (1532-1601).
Wolff, Christian (1679-1754). German. Philosopher, professor of mathematics in Halle in 1707, deposed from his office in 1723 because of his philosophical opinions, reinstated in 1740 as professor of mathematics, natural law and the law of nations. Also known as Wolfius.
Woodward, John (1665-1728). British. Botanist, geologist and physician. Professor of medicine at Gresham College in London. Collector of fossils.
Wrangel, Axel Herman (1722-1753). Swedish. Nobleman. Student at Uppsala. Died in Italy.
Wrangel, Carl Magnus (1727-1786). Swedish. Nobleman and clergyman. Studied at Greifswald. Chaplain to the king, dean of Wicacoa and the Swedish Lutheran congregations in America. Dean of Sala.
Wrede, Elsa Beata (1734-1819). Swedish. Countess. Married to Sven Bunge, councillor of the realm.
Wrede, Fabian (1694-1768). Swedish. Nobleman. Military and poltician.
Wright, Edward (?-?). British. Physicist. Squire of Kersy.
Wulfen, Franz Xaverius (1728-1805). Professor of mathematics, Klagenfurt. Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Wyss, Marianne (1711-1736). Swiss. Wife of Albrecht von Haller.
Wyss, Samuel (1677-1755). Swiss. Herr zu Mathod und La Motte, Albrecht von Hallerís father-in-law, the father of Marianne Wyss.
Zannichelli, Jacopo (1695-1759). Italian. Botanist.
Zanoni, Giacomo (1615-1682). Italian. Botanist.
Zieten (?-?). Captain of cavalry.
Zieten, Hans Joachim von (1699-1786). German. Prussian general.
Zinn, Johann Gottfried (1727-1759). German. Physician and botanist, director of the botanical garden of Göttingen (1753).
Zoëga, Johan (1742-1788). Danish. Botanist and economist. Linnaeusís student 1762-1764.
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