FAQsReferences on

     Endangered, Threatened, and Recently Extinct Birds

American Institute of Biological Sciences 
1988 Bioscience, Vol. 38, No. 4. April issue devoted to articles on conservation of Hawaii's endangered species, particularly the avifauna. 
American Ornithologists' Union and Academy of Natural Sciences, Alan Poole, Managing Editor 
1992 The Birds of North America. Issued as separate species accounts, published bimonthly; 32 in first volume of projected 18 vol. series. (Most thorough up to date information on species including conservation management; major bibliography of references.) 
Banko, W.E. 
1980 The Trumpeter Swan: its history, habits and populations in the United States. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln. 214 pp. 
Beissinger, S.R., and N. Snyder (Editors) 
1992 New World Parrots in Crisis- Solution from Conservation Biology. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. (Based on the symposium, The Conservation Crisis of New World Parrots held in 1990; contains 11 chapters that include causes, pressures, avicultutalists' role, captive breeding, reintroduction, pet trade, solutions.) 
Berger, A.J. 
l981 Hawaiian Birdlife. 2nd edition. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu. 260 pp. (Chapters on the natural history of indigenous, endemic, introduced, and migratory species.) 
Bosworth, F. 
l955 The Last of the Curlews. Dodd, Mead and Co., New York. l28 pp. (Narrative of the life history of the Eskimo Curlew.) 
Brown, J.E. 
1983 The Return of the Brown Pelican. Louisiana State University Press, Baton Rouge. 118 pp. 
Cade, T. 
1982 The Falcons of the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York. (A review of the genera with descriptions of many species including their habitat, reproduction, population status and conservation.) 
Cade, T., J. Enderson, C. Thelander, and C. White 
1988 Peregrine Falcon Populations: Their Management and Recovery. Peregrine Fund Inc., Boise, Idaho. 949 pp.(20th Anniversary International Conference on peregrine falcon; includes status, migration and banding, reintroduction efforts and relationships with man.) 
Chancellor, R.D. (Editor) 
l977 World Conference on Birds of Prey. Report of Proceedings, Vienna l975. International Council for Bird Preservation (ICBP). 442 pp. (Regional and national reports on status of birds of prey, conservation efforts, management problems.) 
Clark, R.J., D.G. Smith and L.H. Kelso 
l978 Working Bibliography of Owls of the World: with Summaries of Current Taxonomy and Distributional Status. Foreword by Kai Curry-Lindahl. Raptor Information Center, Wildlife Federation, Washington,DC 20036. 3l9 pp. 
Collar, N.J., and S.N. Stuart 
1985 Threatened Birds of Africa and Related Islands. TheICBP/IUCN Red Data Book, Part 1. 3rd Edition. Cambridge, England. 761 pp. 
Collar, N.J., M.J. Crosby, and A.J. Stattersfield 
1994 Birds to Watch 2. The World List of Threatened Birds. Revised 1988 Edition. Birdlife International and the Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC (1200 birds identified with brief details on distribution, habitat, population numbers and trends.) 
Collar, N.J., L.P. Gonzaga, N. Krabbe et al 
1993 Threatened Birds of the Americas. The ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book, Part 2. 3rd Edition. International Council for Bird Preservation, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 1,150 pp. 
Cramp, S. 
l977 Bird Conservation in Europe. A report prepared for the Environment and Consumer Protection Service, Commission of the European Communities. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London. 58 pp. (Changes in bird communities in the past l00 years; reasons, and measures for conservation.) 
Croxall, J.P. 
1991 Seabird - Status and Conservation: A Supplement. ICBP Technical Publication No. 11, Cambridge, England. 
Croxall, J.P., P.G.H. Evans, and R.W. Shreiber (Editors) 
1984 Status and Conservation of the World's Seabirds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 2. ICBP, Cambridge, England. 778 pp. 
Deppe, H. 
l97l The Passenger Pigeon. Leaflet 7l-8. Available from the Smithsonian Institution, Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology. 6 pp. 
Diamond, A.W. (Editor)
1987 Studies of Mascarene Island Birds. Cambridge University Press, New York. 458 pp. (Ecological history of the islands; history of the Dodo; review of the biology and conservation of the island's endangered land birds.) 
Diamond, A.W., and T.E. Lovejoy (Editors) 
1985 Conservation of Tropical Forest Birds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 4. ICBP, Cambridge, England. 318 pp. 
Diamond, A., R. Schrieber, W. Cronkite, and R. Peterson 
1989 Save the Birds. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, Massachusetts. 383 pp. 
Doughty, R.W. 
1990 Return of the Whooping Crane. University of Texas Press, Austin. 192 pp. 
Eckert, A.W. 
l963 The Great Auk. Little Brown, Boston. 202 pp., map.(Fictional account. ) 
l965 The Silent Sky; the Incredible Extinction of the Passenger Pigeon. Little Brown, Boston. 243 pp.,illus. (Popular account.) 
Ehrlich, P.R., D.S. Dobkin, and D. Wheye 
1992 Birds in Jeopardy. Stanford Universtiy Press, California. (Rare and extinct birds.) 
Emslie, S.D. 
1986 Canyon Echos of the Condor. Natural History, Vol.95, No. 4, pp. 10-14. 
Ford, H.A. 
1989 Ecology of Birds. An Australian perspective. Surrey Beatty & Sons Pty Limited, Australia. 288 pp. (Includes sections on ecology of rare, endangered and extinct birds, habitat destruction and modification in Australia.) BIRDS 
Fuller, E. 
1988 Extinct Birds. Facts on File, New York. 256 pp.(Those that have vanished since 1600; many excellent paintings and illustrations) 
Gerrard, J.M. and G.R. Bortolotti 
1988 The Bald Eagle. Haunts and Habits of a Wilderness Monarch. Smithsonian Nature Book, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 224 pp. (A personal account of experiences in the field.) 
Gollop, J.B., T.W. Barry, and E.H. Iversen 
1986 Eskimo Curlew. A Vanishing Species? Saskatchewan Natural History Society Special Publication No. 17. Saskatchewan, Canada. 160 pp. (For those interested in shore birds and their conservation; includes a 31 page bibliography.) 
Goodloe, R. 
1985 Special Report: California Condor. Endangered Species Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 5-6. (Building a captive breeding flock.) 
Goriup, P.D. (Editor) 
1988 Ecology and Conservation of Grassland Birds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 7. International Council for Bird Preservation (ICBP), Cambridge, England. 252 pp. 
Greenway, J.C. 
l967 Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. 2nd revised edition. Dover Publications, New York. 520 pp.
( Comprehensive study on extinct and threatened birds. Some content out-dated; see King citation). 
Hackisuka, M. 
l953 The Dodo and Kindred Birds or the Extinct Birds of the Mascarene Islands. H.F. and G. Witherby Ltd., London. 250 pp., maps, color plates, illus. 
Halliday, T. 
l978 Vanishing Birds. Their Natural History and Conservation. Holt Rinehart and Winston, New York. 296 pp., illus., color plates. 
Hamel, P.B. 
1986 Bachman's Warbler, a Species in Peril. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 109 pp. 
Harris, J.T. 
l979 The Peregrine Falcon in Greenland. (Observing an Endangered Species.) University of Missouri Press, Columbia and London. 255 pp. 
Harwood, M. 
l980 Kirtland's Warbler- a Born Loser. Audubon, Vol. 83, No. 3, May l98l, pp. 98-lll. 
Hudson, R. (Editor) 
l975 Threatened Birds of Europe. Macmillan London Ltd. and the Council of Europe. l28 pp., color photographs. (59 case histories that include background, European status and possible reasons for decline.) 
Jackson, J.A. 
1981 An Annotated Bibliography of the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker, Picoides borealis. Savannah River National Environmental Research Park, P.O. Drawer E, Aiken, SC 29801. 290 pp. (1800 citations) 
1987 The Red-Cockaded Woodpecker. Pp 479-493 In Audubon Wildlife Report 1987. The National Audubon Society, New York. 
Jackson, J.A. (Editor) 
1989 Bird Conservation 3. University of Wisconsin Press and ICBP, Madison. (Bird conservation problems in relation to forest management practices.) 
Johnsgard, P.A. 
1982 Whooper Recount. Natural History, Vol. 91, No. 2, February 1982, pp. 71-75. 

 

 
 
 

1990 Hawks, Eagles, & Falcons of North America. Biology and Natural History. Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC. 464 pp. (Focuses on conservation of raptors.) 

Johnson, W.W. 
1983 California Condor: Embroiled in a Flap Not of its Making. Smithsonian , Vol. No. 9, December 1983, pp.72-83. (Details efforts to save the bird and recent results from the captive breeding program.) 
Kaufmann, J. and H. Meng 
l975 Falcons Return. William Morrow and Co., New York.l28 pp., black and white photographs. (Treats biology, history and practice of falconry, and most important section traces Meng's work in breeding the birds in captivity for introduction back into the wild.) 
Kear, J. and A.J. Berger 
l980 The Hawaiian Goose. Buteo Books, Vermillion, SouthDakota. l54 pp. (Story of their reestablishment in Hawaii.) 
Keast, A. and E. Morton (Editors) 
1980 Migrant Birds in the Neotropics: Ecology, Behavior,Distribution, and Conservation: Proceedings of a Symposium held at the Conservation and Research Center, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, October 27-29, 1977. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. 
King, W.B. (Compiler) 
l98l Endangered Birds of the World. ICBP Bird Red Data Book. Smithsonian Institution Press and International Council for Bird Preservation, Washington, DC (Reprinted, revised, and updated text of Vol. II Aves in the Red Data Book series of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) in paperbound version. Original in loose-leaf format.) 
l98l The World's Rarest Birds. International Wildlife, Vol. ll, No. 5, September/October l98l, pp. l2-l9. (Status and major causes of decline of 37 endangered species; many illustrations.) 
Koford, C. 
1953 The California Condor Research Report No. 6. National Audubon Society, New York. 154 pp. ( 1966 reprint by Dover Pub.) 
Langier, L. 
1993 Wise as an Owl: a Resource and Teacher's Guide to Birds of Prey. The Peregrine Fund, Inc. Boise, Idaho. 76 pp. (Information package deals with raptors, conservation and environmental ethics. Material is directed toward older students.) 
LeFranc, Jr., M.N., and W.S. Clark (editors) 
1983 Working Bibliography of the Golden Eagle and the Genus Aquila. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, DC. 264 pp. (Over 3400 citations) 
Lever, C. 
1987 Naturalized Birds of the World. Longman Scientific & Technical, New York. 615 pp. (Introduced birds: where, when, why, and by whom and their effect on native biota.) 
Lincer, J., W.S. Clark, and M.N. LeFranc, Jr. (Compilers) 
l979 Working Bibliography of the Bald Eagle. Foreword by Dean Amadon. Raptor Information Center, National Wildlife Federation, Washington, DC. 20036. 268 pp.(Over 2000 citations.) 
Low, R. 
1985 Endangered Parrots. Blandford, England. 160 pp. 
Mackenzie, J. 
l977 Birds in Peril. A Guide to the Endangered Birds of the United States and Canada. Houghton Mifflin, New York. l9l pp., illustration in color. (History and life cycle of 20 species.) 
Mattson, S.W., T. Andriek, and J. Wetzel 
1986 Wisconsin Trumpeter Swan Recovery Plan. Bureau of Endangered Resources, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. 40 pp. 
Mayfield, H. 
l960 The Kirtland's Warbler. Cranbrook Institute of Science, Michigan. 242 pp. (Biology and history.) 
Mcfarlane, R.W. 
1992 A Stillness in the Pines. The Ecology of the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker. W.W. Norton & Co., New York. 270 pp. 
McNulty, F. 
l966 The Whooping Crane. E.P. Dutton and Co., New York. l90 pp., l9 photographs. 
Moors, P.J. (Editor) 
1985 Conservation of Island Birds. ICBP Technical Publication No. 3, Cambridge, England. 271 pp. 
Mountfort, G. 
1988 Rare Birds of the World. A Collins/ICBP Handbook. Collins and International Council For Bird Preservation, London. 256 pp. (First section covers evolution of birds, threats to them, environmental degradation and history of bird protection; second section gives species accounts treated by regions. Appendicies tabulate status, range and listing on CITES and lists all birds known to become extinct since 1600.) 
Nettleship, D.N., J. Burger, and M. Gochfeld (Editors) 
1994 Seabirds on Islands. Threats, Case Studies and Action Plans. Birdlife International; distributed by Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 350 pp. 
Nero, R.W. et al (Editors) 
1987 Biology and Conservation of Northern Forest Owls. Symposium Proceedings, February 3-7, 1987, Winnipeg, Manitoba. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report RM-142. 309 pp. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, Colorado. 
Newton, I., and R.D. Chancellor (Editors) 
1985 Raptors. ICBP Technical Publication No. 5. Cambridge, England. 492 pp. (Papers of the Second World Conference on Birds of Prey held in Greece-1982) 
Nilsson, G. 
l98l The Bird Business: A Study of the Commercial Cage Bird Trade. 2nd edition. (Reason for increase in trade and its side effects.) May be ordered from the Animal Welfare Institute, P.O. Box 3650, Washington, DC 20007 or the Humane Society of the United States, 2l00 L Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20036. 
Olendorff, R.R. 
1989 The Raptor Research Foundation Bibliographic Index (1967-1986). Raptor Research Report 7. (Available from Raptor Research Foundation, 12805 St. Croix Tr., Hastings, Minnesota 55033.) 
Olson, S.L. 
1989 Extinction on Islands: Man as a Catastrophe. pp.50-53. In D. Western and M.C. Pearl, Conservation for the Twenty-first Century. Oxford University Press, New York. 
Pasquier, R.F. (Editor) 
1982 Conservation of New World Parrots: Proceedings of theICBP Parrot Working Group Meeting, St. Lucia 1980. Smithsonian Institution Press for the International Council for Bird Preservation. 485 pp., ill. (Review of the distribution, population, and conservation status of nearly 150 species of parrots in the Western Hemisphere.) 
Poole, A. F. 
1989 Ospreys: A Natural and Unnatural History. Cambridge University Press, Massachusetts. 246 pp. 
Porter, R., M.A. Jenkins, and A. Gaski 
1987 Working Bibliography of the Peregrine Falcon. Scientific and Technical Series No. 9, National Wildlife Federation, Washington, DC 185 pp. (3500 key worded and annotated citations.) 
Pratt, H.D., P.L. Bruner, and D.G. Berrett 
1987 The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton University Press, New Jersey. 409 pp.(Includes species accounts, discussion of need for conservation of habitats, flora and fauna, and prospects for protection of native Hawaiian birds.) 
Ratcliffe, D. 
1980 The Peregrine Falcon. Buteo Books, Vermillion, South Dakota. 416 pp. (History of man's interactions with peregrines, their habitats, population trends, migration and ecology, and conservation efforts.) 
Schorger, A.W. 
l955 The Passenger Pigeon. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 424 pp., photographs, illus. 
Schreiber, R.W 
l982 A Brown Study of the Brown Pelican. Natural History, Vol. 9l, No. l, January l982, pp.38-42. 
Schreiber, R.W. and E.A. Schreiber 
l980 The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis ): A Bibliography. Natural History Museum, Los Angeles, CA 20 pp. (Over 900 citations.) 
Scott, J. M. et al 
1986 Forest Bird Communities of the Hawaiian Islands:Their Dynamics, Ecology, and Conservation. Studies in Avian Biology No. 9. 431 pp. (Includes accounts for 40 native species and 33 introduced species.) 
Short, L.
1985 Last Chance for the Ivorybill. Natural History, Vol. 94, No. 8, pp. 66-68. 
Short, L., and J. Horne 
1986 The Ivorybill Still Lives. Natural History, Vol. 95, No. 7, pp. 26-29. 
Shoumatoff, A. 
l978 Science Takes up Medieval Sport to Help Peregrines. Smithsonian, Vol. 9, No. 9, December l978, pp. 58-65. (Efforts to reintroduce eastern peregrines to the wild.) 
Silverberg, R. 
l967 The Auk, the Dodo, and the Oryx; Vanished and Vanishing Creatures. Crowell, New York. 246 pp., 
Stone, A.E. 
1986 Migration and Wintering Records of Kirtland's Warbler: an Annotated Bibliography. Southeast Field Station, Patuxent Wildlife Research Unit, Athens, Georgia. 49 pp. 
Tanner, J.T. 
l942 The Ivory-billed Woodpecker. National Audubon Society, New York. lll pp., 22 figs, 20 black and white photographs. l966 Dover Pub. reprint. (Study includes distribution, ecology, life history, and conservation.) 
Temple, S.A. (Editor) 
l978 Endangered Birds. Management Techniques for Preserving Threatened Species. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 466 pp. (Technical.) 
1983 Bird Conservation Yearbook. Yearbook of the U.S. Section of the ICBP. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. (First of an annual series. General information this year; next year's subject, Island Birds of the U.S.) 
1985 Bird Conservation 2. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. 181 pp. 
Terborgh, J. 
1989 Where Have All the Birds Gone? Essays on the biology and conservation of birds that migrate to American tropics. Princeton University Press, New Jersey. 202 pp. (Includes missing songbird migrants, crucial habitats, deforestation, conservation.) 
Tucker, G., M. Heath, L. Tomialojc, and R. Grimmett 
1994 Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. Birdlife International and Smithsonian Press. Washington, DC (Review of the conservation status of birds in the European Palaearctic, Turkey, and Greenland; includes range maps, tables, trends, major threats and measures needed to conserve birds. 
Wege, D.C. and A.J. Long 
1994 Priority Areas for Threatened Birds in the Neotropics. Birdlife International and Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 370 pp. (Most important areas for bird conservation from Mexico south, including Caribbean islands.) 
Wexler, M. 
1986 Can We Save Our Only Parrot. (Puerto Rican parrots) National Wildlife, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 4-7. 
Wilbur, S.R. 
l978 The California Condor, l966-76: A Look at its Past and Future. North American Fauna Series 72. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior. l36 pp., illus. (A historical viewpoint) 
Witlock, R. 
1981 Birds at Risk, A Comprehensive World-survey of Threr. l36 pp., illus. (A historical viewpoint) 
Witlock, R. 
1981 Birds at Risk, A Comprehensive World-survey of Threatened Species. Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey. 159 pp. (Survey of the literature; discussion and theorizing on historic extinction of those species most threatened worldwide.) 
Zimmerman, D.R. 
l975 To Save a Bird in Peril. Coward, McCann & Geoghegan,Inc., New York. 286 pp. (Conservation efforts and management techniques on behalf of the Peregrine Falcon, Osprey, Cahow, Whooping Crane, Nene Goose, Vulture, Warbler, Eagle.) 
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References of Archaeopteryx


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   Alexander, R.M. (1990) Animals. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 509pp.

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   Barthel, K.W.; Swinburne, N.H.M. & Conway Morris, S. (1990) Solnhofen. A study in Mesozoic palaeontology.
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   Bellairs, A.D'A. & Jenkin, C.R. (1960) The skeleton of birds. p. 241-300. In: Biology and Comparative Physiology
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   Britt, B.B.; Makovicky, P.J.; Gauthier, J. & Bonde, N. (1998) Postcranial pneumatization in Archaeopteryx.
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   Brooks, B. (1993) Pneumatic postcranial bones in dinosaurs and other archosaurs. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department
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   Bryant, H.N. & Russell, A.P. (1993) The occurrence of clavicles within dinosauria: implications for the homology of
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   Chatterjee, S. (1991) Cranial anatomy and relationships of a new Triassic bird from Texas. Phil. Trans. R. Soc.
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