Extinct birds
Systematic List
with approximate years of extinction
   english name, ornithological notes.--

 by Alberto Masi
--
    Geographical  Review

AUSTRALASIAN AND POLYNESIAN
 REGION-
 BIRDS-
38 species 28 
races
66
total
52
per cent
-
AUSTRALASIAN and POLYNESIAN
  • Continental
Psittacidae
Geopsittacus occidentalis Gould,1861
Pezoporus
Night Parrot
may be Extinct
* no verified recent records
Australia

Muscicapidae
Amytornis goyderi (Gould,1875)
Eyrean Grasswren
may be Extinct
Known only from c.Australia

  • Large islands
 New Caledonia

Rallidae
Gallirallus modestus (Hutton,1872)
Chatam Rail
Mangare Rail
Rallus 
Extinct
Is.Chatam,Mangare Islete
* survived until about 1900

Psittacidae
Charmosyna diadema (Verreaux and Des Murs,1860)
New Caledonian Lorikeet
Extinct
New Caledonia
* known only from two specimens collected before 1860

Choiseul

Columbidae
Microgoura meeki Rothschild,1904
Choiseul Pigeon
Unknown (Extinct ?)
nw Solomon Is, Choiseul

Kangaroo

Dromaiidae
Dromaius novaehollandiae diemenianus (Jennings,1828)
= Dromaius baudinianus :S.A.Parker,1984
Kangaroo Island Emu
Is.Kangaroo
* known only from bones, unique
S.A.Parker
The extinct Kangaroo Island Emu, a hitherto-unrecognized species.
Bull.Brit.Ornithol.Club 104:19-22

Tasmania

Dromaiidae
Dromaius novaehollandiae diemenensis 1838
* no dati

Fiji

Rallidae
Nesoclopeus poecilopterus (Hartlaub,1866)
Bar-winged Rail
* rediscovered in 1973
Fiji (Viti Levu, Ovalau)

  • Small islands
Tanna-New Hebrides

Columbidae
Gallicolumba ferruginea (Forster,1844)
Tanna Ground-dove
Extinct
s.Vanuatu (Tanna I.)

Norfolk

Columbidae
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae (Gmelin,1789)
New Zealand Pigeon
Extinct
Norfolk I.

Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae spadicea (Latham,1801)
Norfolk Pigeon
Extinct
Norfolk I.

Psittacidae
Nestor meridionalis productus (Gould,1836)
Norfolk Kaka
Extinct
Norfolk and Philip Is.

Lord Howe

Zosteropidae
Zosterops strenuus Gould, 1855
* no "strenua" :ICZN 1985: 549,art.30(a)(ii)
Robust White-eye
Extinct
Lord Howe I.

Rallidae
Porphyrio albus albus (White,1790)
Porphyrio porphyrio albus 1834
Lord Howe Swamphen
Extinct
Lord Howe I.

Columbidae
Columba vitiensis godmanae 1790
* no dati

Psittacidae
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae subflavescens Salvadori, 1891
Lord Howe Parakeet
Extinct
Lord Howe I.

Muscicapidae
Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus 1918
* no dati

Gerygone fusca insularis Ramsay,1879
Gerygone igata insularis 1919
Lord Howe Gerygone
Extinct
Lord Howe I.
* possibly a race of Gerygone levigaster (Mayr in Peters 1986)

Rhipidura fuliginosa (Sparman,1787)
Rhipidura fuliginosa cervina 1928
Grey Fantail
* extirpated
Lord Howe I.

Sturnidae
Aplonis fusca hulliana Mathews 1912
Aplonis fuscus hullianus
Lord Howe I.
* no extinct ?

Tongatabu

Muscicapidae
Pomarea nigra tabuensis 1773
* no dati
Pomarea nigra (Sparman, 1786)
Tahiti Monarch
Society Is (Maupiti)
note: old Tonga records are refereble to Llage maculosa (Peale 1848)
* no dati

Savaii (Samoa)

Rallidae
Pareudiastes pacificus 1873
Gallinula pacifica (Hartlaub and Finsch,1871)
Samoan Moorhen
Unknown.
Extinct
w.Samoa (Savaii)
* last observed in 1908

Tahiti

Rallidae
Rallus ecaudata 1925
Rallus ecaudatus Miller 1783 synonym of G. philippensis (Linnaeus,1766)
Gallirallus pacificus (Gmelin, 1789)
Tahiti Rail
Extinct
Tahiti, Mehetia islet
*  no specimen extant; known only from original plate

Scolopacidae
Prosobonia leucoptera (Gmelin,1789)
Tahitian Sandpiper.
Extinct
e.Society Is.(Moorea,Tahiti)

Psittacidae
Cyanoramphus zealandicus (Latham,1790)
Black-fronted Parakeet
Extinct
Unknown.
se.Society Is.(Tahiti)
* last collected 1844

Raiatea (Ulietea)

Psittacidae
Cyanoramphus ulietanus (Gmelin,1788)
Society Parakeet
Extinct
Unknown.
se.Society Is (I.Raiatea)
* known only from two specimen taken in 1773

Muscicapidae
Turdus ulietensis 1774
Raiatea Thrush.
* no dati

Society

Sturnidae
Aplonis mavornata Buller, 1887
Mysterious Starling
          ?
* known only from one specimen belived to be from I.Raiatea, Is.Society.
Recently reported from Mauke, Is.Cook.

Kusaie (Carolines)

Rallidae
Aphanolimnas monasa 1827
Porzana monasa (Kittlitz,1858)
Kosrae Crake
Probably Extinct
e.Caroline Is.(Kosrae)
* last definite record in 1827

Sturnidae
Aplonis corvina (Kittlitz,1833)
Kosrae Starling.
Extinct
e.Caroline Is.(Kosrae)
* Known from only two specimen, last seen in 1828

Wake

Rallidae
Rallus wakensis 1945
Gallirallus wakensis (Rothschild,1903)
Wake Rail
Extinct
Is.Wake
* exterminated during world war II

Christmans

Scolopacidae
Aechmorhynchus cancellatus cancellatus 1778
* no dati for extinction (?)
Prosobonia [cancellata] leucoptera (Gmelin,1789)
Tahitian Sandpiper
Extinct
e.Society Is.(Moorea, Tahiti)

Washington

Anatidae
Anas strepera couesi (Streets,1876)
Coues's Gadwall
Extinct
n.Line Is (Teraina)


--

       .