pag.8
Tribe ORIOLINI
Oriolus melanotis  OLIVE-BROWN ORIOLE.  Forest.  Roti, Timor and Wetar is. in the Lesser Sundas.
Oriolus bouroensis  BLACK-EARED ORIOLE.  Forest.  Buru I. in the s Moluccas and the Tanimbar Is.
Oriolus forsteni  GREY-COLLARED ORIOLE.  Forest.  Seram I. in the s Moluccas.
Oriolus phaeochromus  DUSKY-BROWN ORIOLE.  Forest.  Halmahera I. in the n Moluccas.
Oriolus szalayi  BROWN ORIOLE.  Forest edge, scrub, mangroves.  Up to 1475 m in the w Papuan islands of Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool; and New Guinea.

Oriolus sagittatus  OLIVE-BACKED ORIOLE.  Forest edge, woods, savanna.  Lowlands from ne W. Australia e along coasts and islands of n N. Territory to Queensland, s through e New S. Wales to se S. Australia, w to Adelaide and the Mt. Lofty Range.
Oriolus flavocinctus  GREEN ORIOLE.  Forest.  Lowlands on the Lesser Sunda Is. of Leti, Moa and Romang; Aru Is.; s New Guinea from Wassi Kussa River to Princess Marianne Strait; coastal n Australia in ne W. Australia, w to Derby; n N. Territory and n Queensland from the Cape York Peninsula s to Staaten River and Ingham.
Oriolus xanthonotus  DARK-THROATED ORIOLE.  Forest, edge, second growth.  Up to 1200 m in the Malay Peninsula; Sumatra, incl. Mentawai Is. and Bangka; Java; Borneo and adj. islands; sw Philippines on Calamian Is. and Palawan.

Oriolus steerii  PHILIPPINE ORIOLE.  Forest, edge, second growth.  Lowlands on the c,s Philippine Is. of Masbate, Samar, Leyte, Negros, Bohol, Mindanao, Basilan and the Sulu Arch.  Formerly on Cebu.  
Sometimes treated as a race of O. xanthonotus.
Oriolus albiloris  WHITE-LORED ORIOLE.  Forest.  Mts. of n,cw Luzon, Philippine Is.  
May be conspecific with steerii.
Oriolus isabellae  ISABELA ORIOLE.  Forest, second growth.  Mts. of n,cw Luzon, Philippine Is.
Oriolus oriolus  EURASIAN GOLDEN-ORIOLE.  Deciduous woods.  From se England, continental Europe, s Sweden and s Finland e across c,se Russia to w Siberia and s to nw Africa (Morocco, n Algeria), n Mediterranean region, incl. Corsica, Sicily and Cyprus; Turkey, w,n Iran s Russia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, n India, w China and w,n Mongolia.

Oriolus auratus  AFRICAN GOLDEN-ORIOLE.  Deciduous woods.  Senegambia, sw Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, s Niger, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, C. Afr. Rep., s Chad and s Sudan to Ethiopia and s Somalia, s (exc. in w,c heavy forests) to Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Angola, c Namibia, n,e Botswana, Zimbabwe, w Mozambique and ne S. Africa in n,e Transvaal and Swaziland.
Oriolus chinensis  BLACK-NAPED ORIOLE.  Woods, forest, bamboo, coconut groves.  Up to 2100 m from se Siberia s through c,e,s China incl. Hainan I., and Korea to Taiwan, n Laos and n Vietnam; Nicobar, Andaman and Greater Sunda Is. incl. most adj. islands, e to Talaud, Sula and Tukanbesi is., Mayu I. in the n Moluccas; Lesser Sundas
e to Sumba, Flores and Alor; Philippines incl. Calamian Is. and Sulu Arch.

Oriolus tenuirostris  SLENDER-BILLED ORIOLE.  Woods, forest, scrub.  Foothills and mts. to 4300 m from e India, sw China, Burma, n Laos and s Vietnam.  Although reported as sympatric with O. chinensis, hybrids are frequent.
Oriolus chlorocephalus  GREEN-HEADED ORIOLE.  Forest.  Mts. in extreme se Kenya, c,e Tanzania, Malawi and c Mozambique.
Oriolus crassirostris  SAO TOME ORIOLE.  Forest.  São Tomé I. in the Gulf of Guinea off w Africa.
O. crassirostris, brachyrhynchus, monacha, larvatus, percivali and nigripennis were treated as a superspecies by Short, et al. 1990. Proc. West. Found. Vert. Zool. 4(3).

Oriolus brachyrhynchus  WESTERN BLACK-HEADED ORIOLE.  Forest.  Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, s Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, c C. African Rep., s Sudan, n,ne Zaire, Uganda and w Kenya s to nw Angola and cs,ce Zaire.  May be conspecific with monacha.
Oriolus monacha  DARK-HEADED ORIOLE.  Juniper forest.  Highlands of Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Oriolus larvatus  AFRICAN BLACK-HEADED ORIOLE.  Open woods, forest.  Angola, sw C. African Rep., sc,se,ce,ne Zaire, se Sudan, s Ethiopia and s Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, n Namibia, n,e Botswana and e,s S. Africa in Transvaal, Swaziland, e,se Cape Province.

Oriolus percivali  BLACK-TAILED ORIOLE.  Humid forest.  Mts. in ne,ce Zaire, Uganda,Rwanda, Burundi, w,c Kenya and w Tanzania.  Often included in larvatus; they hybridize where they come into contact, which is happening more often as their habitats are modified by man (Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire, 1993).
Oriolus nigripennis  BLACK-WINGED ORIOLE.  Forest.  Lowlands in Sierra Leone, se Guinea Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Gulf of Guinea Is., s Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, C. Afr. Rep., nw,nc,n,ne Zaire, extreme se Sudan and w Uganda, s to nw Angola and sw Zaire.
Oriolus xanthornus  BLACK-HOODED ORIOLE.  Forest, woods, towns.  Up to 1200 m in India, Sri Lanka, sw China and se Asia (exc. n Vietnam), Andaman Is., n,e Sumatra and coastal ne Borneo and adj. islands.

Oriolus hosii  BLACK ORIOLE.  Forest.  Mts. above 900 m in n Sarawak (n Borneo).
Oriolus cruentus  BLACK-AND-CRIMSON ORIOLE.  Forest.  Mts. 500-2400 m in Malaya, Sumatra, Java and n Borneo.
Oriolus traillii  MAROON ORIOLE.  Forest.  Hills and mts., 600-4000 m in the Himalayan foothills from n,e India, sw China, se Asia (exc. Malay Peninsula) and Taiwan.
Oriolus mellianus  SILVER ORIOLE.  Forest.  Mts. to 1450 m of s,c China in n Kwantung, Kwangsi and Szechwan.

Sphecotheres hypoleucus  WETAR FIGBIRD.  Forest, edge, scrub, towns.  Lowlands of Wetar I. in the c Lesser Sunda Is.
Sphecotheres viridis  GREEN FIGBIRD.  Forest, edge, scrub, towns.

 The several subspecies have been treated as species, but they intergrade in contact zones.
 S. v. viridis.  Lowlands on Roti and Timor islands in the c Lesser Sunda Islands.
 S. v. flaviventris.  Kai Is.; nw,n,e W. Australia (Kimberleys), n N. Territory and Queensland s to Karumba and Ingham.
 S. v. vieilloti.  Se New Guinea coastal lowlands in the Port Moresby and Milne Bay areas; from se Queensland n to Townsville; s to se New S. Wales s of Sydney.

Coracina maxima  GROUND CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Open woods, savanna, bare ground.  Interior Australia; absent from nw W. Australia, n N. Territory, n,se Queensland, coastal Victoria, S. Australia, Tasmania.
Coracina larvata  SUNDA CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Humid forest.  Mts., 850-2200 m in Sumatra, Java and Borneo.
Coracina macei  LARGE CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Open forest, savanna.  Up to 2100 m in the Himalayas of n Pakistan and n India; Sri Lanka; Burma, s China, Taiwan; se Asia and the Andaman Is.
Coracina javensis  JAVAN CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Open forest, savanna.  Lowlands of Java and Bali.
Coracina schistacea  SLATY CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Peleng, Banggai and Sula is. off e Sulawesi.

Coracina personata  WALLACEAN CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, savanna.  Lesser Sunda islands of Sumbawa to Romang, Sermata and Timor; Tanimbar and Kai islands.
Coracina atriceps  MOLUCCAN CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Up to 1000 m on Ternate, Halmahera, Bacan and Seram in the Moluccas.
Coracina fortis  BURU CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Lowlands and mts. on Buru I. in the s Moluccas.
Coracina caledonica  MELANESIAN CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, usually montane.  Solomon Is. of Bougainville, Kulambangra, New Georgia, Vangunu, Santa Isabel and Guadalcanal; Vanuatu on Espiritu Santo, Malo, Malekula, Erromango; Lifu I. in the Loyalty Is., and New Caledonia.

Coracina novaehollandiae  BLACK-FACED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Open forest, savanna, eucalypt woods.  Lowlands in se New Guinea and Australia, incl. Tasmania.
Coracina caeruleogrisea  STOUT-BILLED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, second growth.  Up to 2100 m in the Aru Is. and New Guinea, incl. Yapen I.
Coracina temminckii  CERULEAN CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Foothills and mts., 100-2200 m of Sulawesi, except sw,s.
Coracina striata  BAR-BELLIED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Second growth, forest, scrub.  Up to 900 m in the Andaman Is., s Thailand, Malaya; Sumatra and adj. smaller islands; Borneo; Philippines incl. Sulu Arch; extirpated on Cebu.
Coracina bicolor  PIED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Locally up to 500 m of n Sulawesi including Manterawu, Bangka, Muna, Butung, Togian and Sangihe islands.

Coracina lineata  YELLOW-EYED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, edge, second growth.  Waigeo I. in the w Papuan islands; w,n,se New Guinea in the Vogelkop at 600-1450 m; n coastal ranges and Huon Peninsula, incl. Numfor I.; New Britain and New Ireland; Solomon Is.; ne Australia from e Queensland, n to Cape York Peninsula, s to ne New S. Wales, s to Manning River.
Coracina boyeri  BOYER'S CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Lowlands on Salawati and Misool in the w Papuan is.; New Guinea, incl. Yapen I.
Coracina leucopygia  WHITE-RUMPED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Woods, farms.  Up to 800 m of Sulawesi, incl. many adjacent islands.
Coracina papuensis  WHITE-BELLIED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Savanna, second growth, mangroves, riparian forest.  

Some of the allopatric populations may be separate species.

 C. p. papuensis.  N Moluccas from Morotai and Halmahera to Obi; Lesser Sunda is. of Kisar, Sermata, Luang; Tanimbar and Kai islands; w Papuan is. of Waigeo, Salawati and Misool; New Guinea; Tagula I. in the Louisiade Arch.; Manus and Los Negros in the Admiralty Is.; Rooke, New Britain, New Ireland, New Hanover and Duke of York islands in the Bismarck Arch.; Solomon Is.
 C. p. hypoleuca.  Coastal n Australia from ne W. Australia e through n N. Territory to extreme nw Queensland.
 C. p. robusta.  Coastal e Australia from Queensland s through e New S. Wales to Victoria and se S. Australia w to the Adelaide area.

Coracina longicauda  HOODED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Tall, dense montane forest.  Mts., 1750-3650 m of c New Guinea in the Snow Mts., c highlands and Huon Peninsula.
Coracina parvula  HALMAHERA CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Mts. (probably) on Halmahera, n Moluccas.
Coracina abbotti  PYGMY CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Mts., 1500-2300 m of n,ne,c,sw Sulawesi.
Coracina analis  NEW CALEDONIAN CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Mts. above 200 m of New Caledonia.
Coracina pectoralis  WHITE-BREASTED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Woods, savanna.  Senegambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria and s Mali to Nigeria, Burkina Faso,  Cameroon, C. Afr. Rep., s Sudan and s Ethiopia, and s (exc. in heavy forest) to Zaire, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, s Angola, Zambia, Malawi, n Namibia, Zimbabwe, n,e Botswana, ne S. Africa (Transvaal) and Mozambique.

Coracina caesia  GREY CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Humid forest.  Locally in mts above 1500 m from se Nigeria, sw Cameroon, Bioko I. (Fernando Po), se Sudan, Ethiopia and s through ne,ce Zaire, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, e Zimbabwe and Mozambique to lowlands of ne,e S. Africa in ne,e Transvaal, Natal and e,s Cape Province.
Coracina azurea  BLUE CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, s Cameroon, sw C. African Rep., and n,ne Zaire, s to Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo Rep., Cabinda, sw,c,ce Zaire, and sw Uganda.
Coracina graueri  GRAUER'S CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Humid forest.  Mts. above 1500 m in ne,ce Zaire and sw Uganda.
Coracina cinerea  ASHY CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, second growth, mangroves.  Up to 1800 m of Madagascar and the Grand Comoro and Mohéli islands in the Comoro Islands.

Coracina typica  MAURITIUS CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Mauritius I. in the w Mascarene Is.
Coracina newtoni  REUNION CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Réunion I. in the w Mascarene Is.
Coracina coerulescens  BLACKISH CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Luzon, Catanduanes, Marinduque islands in the
n Philippines; formerly on Cebu.
Coracina tenuirostris  SLENDER-BILLED CICADABIRD.  Forest edge, savanna, mangroves.  Lowlands to 1500 m in Palau; Pohnpei and Yap in the Caroline Is.; sw Sulawesi, incl. Banggai, Sula, Sangihe and Talaud islands; Tanahjampea, Kalaotoa, Tukangbesi islands in the Flores Sea; Lomblen and Timor in the Lesser Sundas; Morotai, Halmahera, Bacan, Obi, Bisa, Ambon, Seram and Seram Laut, Banda and Watubela islands in the Moluccas; Kai and Aru islands; w Papuan is. of Waigeo, Salawati, Kofiau, Misool; New Guinea, incl. Biak and Numfor islands; Lousiade and D'Entrecasteaux arch.; Admiralty Is., Solomon Is.; n,e Australia in ne W. Australia (Kimberleys) and n N. Territory e to Arnhem Land, and from e Queensland s through e New S. Wales to e Victoria in the Melbourne area.

Coracina dohertyi  SUMBA CICADABIRD.  Forest.  Up to 1400 m on Flores and Sumba islands in the wc Lesser Sumbas.
Coracina sula  SULA CICADABIRD.  Forest.  Up to 1400 m on the Sula Is. off e Sulawesi.
Coracina dispar  KAI CICADABIRD.  Forest.  Up to 1400 m in the Kai Islands.
Coracina mindanensis  BLACK-BIBBED CICADABIRD.  Forest, second growth.  Philippine islands of Luzon, Mindoro, Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Mindanao, Basilan and the Sulu Archipelago.
Coracina morio  SULAWESI CICADABIRD.  Forest, second growth.  N,c,s,se Sulawesi, incl. Butung.
Coracina ceramensis  PALE CICADABIRD.  Forest, second growth.  Moluccas from Obi to Buru, Boano and 
Seram islands.

Coracina incerta  BLACK-SHOULDERED CICADABIRD.  Forest, second growth.  Foothills and mts., 100-1800 m on the w Papuan islands of Waigeo and Batanta; New Guinea, incl. Meos Num and Yapen is.
Coracina schisticeps  GREY-HEADED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Up to 1500 m on Misool and Salwati in the w Papuan is., New Guinea, exc. se from Sepik R. to Milne Bay; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago.
Coracina melas  NEW GUINEA CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Up to 1200 m in the Aru Is., and on Waigeo, Batanta and Salawati in the w Papuan islands; New Guinea, incl. Yapen I.
Coracina montana  BLACK-BELLIED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Mts., 750-2750 m of New Guinea.

Coracina holopolia  SOLOMON ISLANDS CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Mts., 450-1000 m on the Solomon Islands of Buka, Bougainville, Choiseul, Santa Isabel, Guadalcanal, Malaita, Kulambangra and Vangunu.
Coracina mcgregori  MCGREGOR'S CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Mts. of n Mindanao in the s Philippines.
Coracina ostenta  WHITE-WINGED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Panay, Guimaras and Negros islands in the c Philippines.
Coracina polioptera  INDOCHINESE CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Open forest, towns, second growth.  Mts., 300-1500 m in Burma (exc. ne), nw,c,sw,ne Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and c,s Vietnam.

Coracina melaschistos  BLACK-WINGED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Open forest, woods, bamboo.  Mts., 300-4575 m in n Pakistan, n India, sw,c,se China, Hainan I., w,n,ne Burma, nw Thailand, n Laos, n,c Vietnam and Taiwan.
Coracina fimbriata  LESSER CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, farms, second growth.  Lowlands to 1000 m in the Malay Peninsula; Sumatra incl. Simeulue and Siberut islands; Java, Bali and Borneo.
Coracina melanoptera  BLACK-HEADED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Open forest, scrub jungle.  Up to 1000 m of extreme n India; lowlands to 2100 m of c,s,e India, s to Kerala in s India; Sri Lanka.
Campochaera sloetii  GOLDEN CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, edge.  Locally in foothills up to 1050 m of w,n,s New Guinea in the Arfak Mts., n lowlands e to Idenburg River and s lowlands from Mimika River e to Port Moresby area.

Lalage melanoleuca  BLACK-AND-WHITE TRILLER.  Forest.  Philippine islands of Luzon, Mindoro, Samar, Leyte and Mindanao.
Lalage nigra  PIED TRILLER.  Open woods, farms, mangroves.  Up to 1000 m in the Nicobar Is., s peninsular Thailand, Malaya; Sumatra incl. Nias, Bangka and Belitung; Borneo incl. adj. islands; w Java incl. Karimunjawa Islands; and the Philippines.
Lalage leucopygialis  WHITE-RUMPED TRILLER.  Open woods, farms, mangroves.  Sulawesi, incl. Manadotua, Peleng, Muna, Butung, Banggai and the Sula Islands.
Lalage sueurii  WHITE-SHOULDERED TRILLER.  Savanna, open forest.  Up to 1100 m in e Java; Lesser Sunda Is. from Bali e to Romang, Sermata and Babar; islands in the Flores and Banda seas of Tanahjampea, Salayar, Bonerate, Kalaotua, Madu, Butung, Tukangbesi; c,s Sulawesi.

Lalage tricolor  WHITE-WINGED TRILLER.  Savanna, open forest.  Drier parts of Australia and se New Guinea in the Port Moresby area.
Lalage aurea  RUFOUS-BELLIED TRILLER.  Forest, edge, open scrub.  Morotai, Ternate, Halmahera, Bacan and Obi islands in the n Moluccas.
Lalage moesta  WHITE-BROWED TRILLER.  Forest.  Tanimbar Islands.
Lalage atrovirens  BLACK-BROWED TRILLER.  Low trees, forest edge.  Up to 1200 m on Waigeo, Salawati and Misool islands in the w Papuan islands; n New Guinea e to Astrolabe Bay and Ramu River, incl. Biak I.

Lalage leucomela  VARIED TRILLER.  Savanna, woods, humid forest, second growth, mangroves.  Up to 1500 m in the Kai and Aru islands; e,s New Guinea w to Mimika R. and Huon Gulf; D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade archipelagos; Trobriand Is.; Rooke I. e to New Hanover and New Ireland, Duke of York; Mussau I. in the St. Matthias Group; Tabar and Lihir islands; coastal n,e Australia from ne W. Australia (Kimberleys) e through n N. Territory to n,e Queensland, s to ne New S. Wales to Newcastle area.
Lalage maculosa  POLYNESIAN TRILLER.  Forest.  Lowlands to mts. in c,n Vanuatu from Espíritu Santo to Éfaté; Santa Cruz Is.; Fiji, incl. Rotuma; Tonga; Niue; Wallis and Futuna, and w Samoa on Savaii and Upolu islands.

Lalage sharpei  SAMOAN TRILLER.  Dense forest.  Mts. above 200 m on Savaii and Upolu in w Samoa.
Lalage leucopyga  LONG-TAILED TRILLER.  Forest.  Se Solomon Is. on San Cristobal and Ugi; Torres and Banks islands; Vanuatu; Loyalty Is.; New Caledonia; formerly on Norfolk I.
Campephaga petiti  PETIT'S CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Se Nigeria, s Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, C. African Rep., ne Zaire, w Uganda and w Kenya s to nw Angola and se,ce Zaire.  May hybridize with C. flava in Rwanda, but Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (1993, p. 351) recognize them as separate species. 
Campephaga flava  BLACK CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, woods, scrub, undergrowth.  From Angola, sw,sc,ce Zaire, extreme se Sudan, s Ethiopia and s Somalia s to Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, n Namibia, c,e Botswana and ne,s S. Africa in Transvaal, Natal and s,e Cape Province.

Campephaga phoenicea  RED-SHOULDERED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Woods, scrub, savanna, forest.  From Senegambia, s Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Cameroon, C. African Rep., Chad, s Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea and s to Congo, n Angola, sw,n,ne Zaire, Uganda and nw Kenya.  Sometimes lumped with flava and petiti, but although there is some interbreeding with flava in Kenya and Uganda they are also ecologically separate in overlap areas.
Campephaga quiscalina  PURPLE-THROATED CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest, woods.  Up to 2400 m from Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Mali, s Cameroon, sw C. African Rep., sw,sc, ce, ne Zaire, extreme se Sudan, Rwanda, Uganda and w,sc Kenya, Tanzania, s in Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and Congo to c Angola and Zambia.

Campephaga lobata  GHANA CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast and s Ghana.  This, and the following species, are placed in Lobotos by Keith, et al. (1992. Birds of Africa, vol. 4) and by Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (1993), based on "distinctive coloring and prominent face wattles."
Campephaga oriolina  ORIOLE CUCKOOSHRIKE.  Forest.  S Cameroon, s C. African Rep., Gabon, Congo Rep., ne,ce Zaire.  See note above under C. lobata.
Pericrocotus roseus  ROSY MINIVET.  Forest, woods, towns.  Himalayas, 300-1800 m from e Afghanistan, n Pakistan and n India, cs China, Burma and nw Vietnam.
Pericrocotus cantonensis  BROWN-RUMPED MINIVET.  Open woods, pine forest.  Ce China from s Shensi, Shansi and Kiangsu s to Szechwan, Kweichow, e Kwangsi and s Kwangtung.  Often included in roseus because of hybrids in s Kwangtung, but there is no evidence of interbreeding in other areas of close approach or overlap.

Pericrocotus divaricatus  ASHY MINIVET.  Woods, forest, second growth.  Se Siberia, ne China, n Korea, n,c Japan on Hondo; probably on Taiwan.
Pericrocotus tegimae  RYUKYU MINIVET.  Woods, forest, second growth.  S Japan in s Kyushu and the Ryukyu Islands.  Sometimes lumped with divaricatus.
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus  SMALL MINIVET.  Woods, mangroves, forest, scrub, orchards.  Up to 1500 m from n,e,se Pakistan e across n,c,e India and s to s India and Sri Lanka; Burma (exc. ne), Thailand and Cambodia to Laos and s Vietnam; Andaman Is.; Java; Bali.
Pericrocotus igneus  FIERY MINIVET.  Woods, forest. Casuarina scrub.  Up to 500 m in the Malay Peninsula; Sumatra incl. Simeulue, Nias, Bangka and Belitung; Borneo; Palawan I. in the sw Philippines.

Pericrocotus lansbergei  FLORES MINIVET.  Woods, forest.  Up to 1400 m on Sumbawa and Flores islands in the wc Lesser Sunda Islands.  Possibly conspecific with cinnamomeus.
Pericrocotus erythropygius  WHITE-BELLIED MINIVET.  Open dry scrub, grassland, savanna.  Peninsular India in the arid regions from e Punjab, e Rajasthan and Gujarat e to sw Bihar and s to Mysore; plains of c Burma.
Pericrocotus solaris  GREY-CHINNED MINIVET.  Open forest.  Mts., 600-3050 m from n,e India e through Burma (exc. c) to se China and Hainan I.; Taiwan; s locally through se Asia to Sumatra and n Borneo.
Pericrocotus ethologus  LONG-TAILED MINIVET.  Open forest.  Mts., 900-3650 m in e Afghanistan, n Pakistan and n,e India, se Tibet, c,sw China, w,ne,e Burma, nw Thailand and s Vietnam.

Pericrocotus brevirostris  SHORT-BILLED MINIVET.  Open forest, edge, second growth.  Mts., 900-2450 m in ne,e India, se Tibet, s China, Burma, nw Thailand, n Laos and nw Vietnam.
Pericrocotus miniatus  SUNDA MINIVET.  Forest.  Mts., 1200-2700 m in Sumatra and Java.
Pericrocotus flammeus  SCARLET MINIVET.  Forest.  Hills to 2100 m of peninsular sw India; mts. 900-2750 m from nw,e India e to s China and s through se Asia (exc. c Thailand) and Andaman Is., to Sumatra incl. adj. islands; Java, Bali, Lombok, Borneo; Philippines on Luzon, Samar, Leyte, Negros, Mindanao and Jolo.
-
 Hemipus.  Affinities uncertain, may be related to Philentoma or Tephrodornis.

Hemipus picatus  BAR-WINGED FLYCATCHER-SHRIKE.  Forest, edge, scrub.  Mts. to 2000 m from n,e, peninsular India; Sri Lanka; e to sw China and s through se Asia to Sumatra and ne Borneo.
Hemipus hirundinaceus  BLACK-WINGED FLYCATCHER-SHRIKE.  Forest, open country.  Up to 1100 m in Sumatra, incl. Nias, Simeulue, Bangka, Belitung and Riau and Lingga arch.; Java, Bali and Borneo.

Subfamily DICRURINAE
Tribe RHIPIDURINI

 The genus Culicicapa (see Petroicidae) may belong in the Rhipidurini.

Rhipidura hypoxantha  YELLOW-BELLIED FANTAIL.  Forest, rhododendron thickets, woods, second growth.  Himalayas, 1000-4600 m in n,e India, se Tibet, sw China, Burma, nw Thailand, n Laos and nw Vietnam.
Rhipidura superciliaris  BLUE FANTAIL.  Humid forest.  Up to 1200 m on the Philippine Is. of Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Mindanao and Basilan.
Rhipidura cyaniceps  BLUE-HEADED FANTAIL.  Humid forest.  Up to 2400 m on the Philippine Is. of Luzon, Catanduanes, Tablas, Masbate, Panay, Negros, Guimaras and Ticao.
Rhipidura phoenicura  RUFOUS-TAILED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts. above 900 m on Java.
Rhipidura nigrocinnamomea  BLACK-AND-CINNAMON FANTAIL.  Humid forest.  Mts., 1000-3050 m on Mindanao in the s Philippines.

Rhipidura albicollis  WHITE-THROATED FANTAIL.  Montane forest.  Himalayan foothills to 2000 m in n,ne India, Nepal, Burma (exc. c,ne) and sw China incl. Hainan; s through highlands, 1200-2750 m of Indochina, Sumatra and n Borneo.

 R. albicollis and R. albogularis are in contact in ne peninsular India where one hybrid specimen is known.  
They have been treated as conspecific, but they occupy different habitats and altitudes.

Rhipidura albogularis  SPOT-BREASTED FANTAIL.  Lowland gardens, dry forest, thorn forest.  C,s India from Rajastan, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa south.
Rhipidura euryura  WHITE-BELLIED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts., 900-2750 m of Java.  Sometimes considered to be conspecific with perlata, but they may not be closely related.
Rhipidura aureola  WHITE-BROWED FANTAIL.  Forest, scrub, second growth, farms.  Up to 1075 m in e Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Burma, sw China, w,c Thailand, Cambodia, c Laos and s Vietnam.
Rhipidura javanica  PIED FANTAIL.  Mangroves, bamboo, open woods, farms, scrub.  Up to 750 m in s Burma, c,s Thailand, Malaya, Cambodia, s Vietnam; Sumatra incl. Riau and Lingga arch., Bangka and Belitung; Java; Bali; Borneo; and the Philippines.

Rhipidura perlata  SPOTTED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Up to 1700 m in sw Thailand, Malaya; Sumatra and Borneo.
Rhipidura leucophrys  WILLIE-WAGTAIL.  Open areas with perches, often near water, forest edge, farms.  Lowlands and, locally, mts. to 2000 m in the Moluccas (incl. Seram Laut and Watubela is.), New Guinea, Bismarck Arch., Solomon Is., Australia and n Tasmania, incl. King and Flinders islands.
Rhipidura diluta  BROWN-CAPPED FANTAIL.  Open forest, edge, shrubs, mangroves.  Up to 1400 m on Sumbawa, Flores and Lomblen islands in the wc Lesser Sunda Islands.
Rhipidura rufiventris  NORTHERN FANTAIL.  Open forest, edge, shrubs, mangroves.  Up to 1600 m on Roti, Timor, Wetar, Romang, Leti, Moa, Sermata and Damar is. in the Lesser Sundas; Obi, Buru, Seram, Seram Laut and Watubela is. in the Moluccas; Kai and w Papuan islands; New Guinea, incl. Biak, Yapen, Meos Num and Manam is.; D'Entrecasteaux Arch. on Fergusson and Goodenough is.; Louisiade Arch. on Tagula and Misima is.; Bismarck Arch. 
on New Britain, Duke of York, New Ireland, New Hanover, Dyaul, St. Matthias (= Mussau), Manus, Lihir, Tabar
and Tanga is.; n Australia from ne W. Australia w to Derby, e through n N. Territory to n Queensland, se to Townsville.

Rhipidura fuscorufa  CINNAMON-TAILED FANTAIL.  Forest, woods.  Tanimbar Is.  Sometimes included in rufiventris.
Rhipidura cockerelli  WHITE-WINGED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Up to 1200 m on all Solomon Islands except Rennell I.
Rhipidura threnothorax  SOOTY THICKET-FANTAIL.  Forest undergrowth, sedge, cane grass, swamps.  Up to 1000 m in the Aru Is.; w Papuan islands of Waigeo, Salawati and Misool; New Guinea, incl. Yapen Island.
Rhipidura maculipectus  BLACK THICKET-FANTAIL.  Cane grass, sedge, swamp forest.  Lowlands near sea level in the Aru Is.; w Papuan Is. of Batanta and Salawati; nw,s New Guinea in the Vogelkop and s lowlands e to Port Moresby.  
A report from Haruku in the s Moluccas is questionable.

Rhipidura leucothorax  WHITE-BELLIED THICKET-FANTAIL.  Tall dens grass, brush, thickets, second growth.  Up to 1150 m in New Guinea in the highlands of the Karimui basin; 650-1350 m in ec New Guinea.
Rhipidura atra  BLACK FANTAIL.  Forest undergrowth, thickets, edge.  Mts., 850-3200 m on Waigeo in the w Papuan islands; New Guinea from the Arfak and Weyland mts. to the c ranges, Cyclops Mts., Huon Peninsula and the se ranges.
Rhipidura hyperythra  CHESTNUT-BELLIED FANTAIL.  Forest, edge.  Foothills, locally lowlands to 1750 m in the Aru Is. and New Guinea, incl. Yapen I.
Rhipidura albolimbata  FRIENDLY FANTAIL.  Forest, tree ferns, moss forest.  New Guinea in mts., 1400-3575 m (usually above hyperythra) from the Vogelkop to se ranges and Cyclops and Saruwaged mts.

Rhipidura phasiana  MANGROVE FANTAIL.  Mangroves.  Coastal lowlands in cs,se New Guinea between Oriomo R. and Fly R., from Port Moresby east; n Australia from nw W. Australia w to Shark Bay, e to nw Queensland in the Normanton area.  Often regarded as conspecific with fuliginosa.
Rhipidura fuliginosa  GREY FANTAIL.  Forest, woods, towns, mangroves, second growth.  Australia and Tasmania, incl. islands in Bass Strait, but absent from coastal mangroves occupied by phasiana, and absent from most arid interior regions.  New Zealand, incl. most adj. islands; New Caledonia; Lifou I. in the Loyalty Is.; Vanuatu incl. Banks Islands; s Solomon Is., in mts. on San Cristobal.  Formerly Lord Howe I., extirpated.
Rhipidura drownei  BROWN FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts. on Bougainville and Guadalcanal islands in the Solomon Islands.

Rhipidura tenebrosa  DUSKY FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts., sometimes lowlands, on San Cristobal I. in the s Solomon Islands.
Rhipidura rennelliana  RENNELL FANTAIL.  Forest.  Rennell I. in the e Solomon Islands.
Rhipidura spilodera  STREAKED FANTAIL.  Forest, second growth, farms, towns.  Lowlands of New Caledonia; Loyalty Is.; c,n Vanuatu from Éfaté north; Banks Is.; Fijian Is. of Viti Levu, Ovalau, Yanganga, Vanua Levu, Kioa and Taveuni.
Rhipidura personata  KADAVU FANTAIL.  Dense riparian thickets, brush.  Kadavu I. in sw Fiji.
Rhipidura nebulosa  SAMOAN FANTAIL.  Forest undergrowth, edge, brush.  Mts. above 900 m on Upolu and Savaii islands of w Samoa.

Rhipidura brachyrhyncha  DIMORPHIC FANTAIL.  Forest, especially mossy forest.  Mts., 1350-3350 m of New Guinea from the Arfak, Snow and Weyland mts. e to Huon Peninsula and se ranges.
Rhipidura teysmanni  RUSTY-BELLIED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts., 600-2300 m of Sulawesi and Taliabu I. in the Sula Islands.
Rhipidura superflua  TAWNY-BACKED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Buru I. in the s Moluccas.
Rhipidura dedemi  STREAKY-BREASTED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts., 500-1500 m on Seram, s Moluccas.
Rhipidura opistherythra  LONG-TAILED FANTAIL.  Presumably forest.  Lowlands of Tanimbar Is.

Rhipidura lepida  PALAU FANTAIL.  Forest, second growth.  Babelthuap s to Peleliu in the Palau Is.
Rhipidura rufidorsa  RUFOUS-BACKED FANTAIL.  Forest.  Up to 1000 m on Misool I. in the w Papuan islands; New Guinea, incl. Yapen Island.  Closely related to rufifrons.
Rhipidura dahli  BISMARCK FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts., 600-1500 m on New Ireland and New Britain in the Bismarck Arch.
Rhipidura matthiae  MATTHIAS FANTAIL.  Forest, edge.  Mussau I. (or St. Matthias I.) in the St. Matthias Group, n of New Hanover I. in the n Bismarck Arch.
Rhipidura malaitae  MALAITA FANTAIL.  Forest.  Mts., 600-1200 m on Malaita I., se Solomon Is.

Rhipidura kubaryi  POHNPEI FANTAIL.  Forest, edge.  Pohnpei I. in the e Caroline Is.
Rhipidura rufifrons  RUFOUS FANTAIL.  Forest undergrowth, edge, second growth, mangroves.  Lowlands and mts. to 2000 m on Saipan, Tinian, Agiguan, Rota and Guam in the Mariana Is.; Yap I. in the Caroline Is.; Halmahera, Ternate, Bacan, Obi, Banda, Seram Laut and Watubela is. in the Moluccas; Tanahjampea, Kalao, Kalaotoa is. in the Flores Sea; the Lesser Sunda islands from Sumba and Flores e to Damar and Babar; Tanimbar, Kai, Aru and w Papuan islands of Waigeo, Salawati, Misool and Schildpad; sw New Guinea in the Mimika River area; Fergusson I. in the D'Entrecasteaux Arch.; Bonvouloir, Misima and Rossel in the Louisiade Arch.; Solomon Is. from Buka to San Cristobal; Santa Cruz Is.; n,e,se Australia from ne W. Australia w to Broome, e through n N. Territory to n,e Queensland, s to e New S. Wales and e,s Victoria.  
Closely related to kubaryi and semirubra.  
R. rufifrons could be subdivided into more than one species under some species concepts.

Rhipidura semirubra  MANUS FANTAIL.  Forest, edge.  Admiralty Is. in the n Bismarck Arch.

Tribe DICRURINI

Chaetorhynchus papuensis  PYGMY DRONGO.  Forest.  Mts., 600-1600 m, New Guinea incl. Yule I.
Dicrurus ludwigii  SQUARE-TAILED DRONGO.  Humid forest edge, second growth, riparian woods.  Senegambia, s Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, s Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, C. African Rep., n,ne Zaire, extreme se Sudan, coastal Somalia, Uganda and w,c,se Kenya, s to s Zaire, se Angola, Zambia, s,e Tanzania, s through Malawi, e Zimbabwe and Mozambique to e S. Africa in e Transvaal, Natal, e Cape Province.
Dicrurus atripennis  SHINING DRONGO.  Humid forest.  Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, s Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, sw C. African Rep., n,ne,c,ce Zaire.
Dicrurus adsimilis  FORK-TAILED DRONGO.  All habitats except extremely arid regions and humid forest.  From Senegambia e through s Mali, s Niger, Cameroon, C. African Rep. and s Sudan to Ethiopia and Somalia, s (exc. in w,c heavy forest) to s S. Africa.  
Some authors include modestus, aldabranus, fuscipennis, forficatus, waldenii and macrocercus as subspecies of 
D. adsimilis.  
Dowsett and Dowsett-Lemaire (1993) include modestus in adsimilis.  They find the treatment of modestus as a separate species "... hypothetical, and in need of careful investigation".  The combined distributions of adsimilis and modestus include all subSaharan African countries and the Gulf of Guinea islands of Fernando Po (Bioko) and Principé.  
Probable hybrids have been reported and some authors suggest that they behave as "ecological species" in some areas.

Dicrurus modestus  VELVET-MANTLED DRONGO.  Humid forest.  From Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia e to s Cameroon, Fernando Po I., s C. African Rep., n,ne Zaire, se Sudan, Uganda and w Kenya s to nw Angola and sw,cs,ce Zaire; Principé Island.  May be a race of adsimilis.
Dicrurus aldabranus  ALDABRA DRONGO.  Forest, woods, second growth.  Aldabra Islands.
Dicrurus fuscipennis  COMORO DRONGO.  Forest, woods, second growth.  Grand Comoro I. in the Comoro Islands.
Dicrurus forficatus  CRESTED DRONGO.  Woods, brush.  Up to 1800 m in Madagascar, Nossi Bé I., and Anjouan Island in the Comoro Islands.

Dicrurus waldenii  MAYOTTE DRONGO.  Woods.  Mayotte Island in the Comoro Islands.
Dicrurus macrocercus  BLACK DRONGO.  Woods, open country, towns, marshes.  Up to 2100 m from se Iran e through se Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and Burma to c,e China, s through se Asia (exc. peninsular Thailand and Malaya) to Sumatra, Java, Bali and Taiwan.  Intro. on Rota and Guam in the Mariana Islands.
Dicrurus leucophaeus  ASHY DRONGO.  Forest, edge, woods, scrub, towns.  Lowlands and mts. to 3100 m. 
The two subspecies sometimes are treated as species, but intergradation occurs in Sikkim.

 D. l. longicaudatus.  From e Afghanistan e through Himalayan foothills of Pakistan and n India from Kashmir to Nepal and Sikkim.
 D. l. leucophaeus.  From ne,e India, Tibet, Burma and c,se China, Hainan, s through se Asia (exc. s Malaya, but incl. Pinang I.) to Sumatra, Simeulue and Mentawai Is., Java, Bali, Lombok, n Borneo and the sw Philippine Is. of Palawan, Calamian Is., and Balabac.  
Includes leucogenis.

Dicrurus caerulescens  WHITE-BELLIED DRONGO.  Deciduous and bamboo forest.  Up to 2000 m of India, n to Himalayan foothills (except in Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh) e to Nepal, Bihar and w Bengal; Sri Lanka.
Dicrurus annectans  CROW-BILLED DRONGO.  Forest.  Himalayan foothills and adj. plains in n,e India and s Burma.
Dicrurus aeneus  BRONZED DRONGO.  Forest, bamboo, edge.  Foothills to 2000 m from s,ne India, Burma, s China, Hainan I.; Taiwan; s through se Asia to Sumatra and Borneo.
Dicrurus remifer  LESSER RACKET-TAILED DRONGO.  Forest, edge, second growth.  Lowlands and foothills to 2400 m from the Himalayas of n India, Burma and s China, s through se Asia (exc. c Thailand, n Vietnam); Sumatra and Java.

Dicrurus hottentottus  HAIR-CRESTED DRONGO. Humid forest, edge, mangroves.  A variable series of populations from nw Himalayas and hills in s,n,e India se through coastal hills to s India (Kerala) and e to Burma and c,s China, s through se Asia (exc. Malaya) to Sumatra (incl. Mentawai Is.), Java, Bali, n Borneo (incl. Maratua and Matasiri is.), Sulawesi, incl. most adj. islands and islands in the Java Sea; and Obi I. in the c Moluccas.
Dicrurus balicassius  BALICASSIAO or PHILIPPINE DRONGO.  Forest, edge.  N,c Philippines on Luzon, Polillo Is., Verde, Lubang, Mindoro, Marinduque, Masbate, Panay, Guimaras, Negros, Bantayan, Cebu, Ticao.
Dicrurus montanus  SULAWESI DRONGO.  Forest.  Mts., 600-1800 m of Sulawesi; mostly above lowland D. hottentottus.

Dicrurus sumatranus  SUMATRAN DRONGO.  Humid forest, edge, mangroves.  Lowlands of Sumatra.
Dicrurus densus  WALLACEAN DRONGO.  Humid forest, edge, mangroves.  Up to 1500 m on the Lesser Sunda islands of  Sumbawa and Sumba e to Gunungapi, Wetar and Timor; Seram Laut, Watubela, Tanimbar and Kai islands.
Dicrurus megarhynchus  RIBBON-TAILED DRONGO.  Forest.  New Ireland I. in the e Bismarck Arch.
Dicrurus bracteatus  SPANGLED DRONGO.  Humid forest, edge, mangroves.  Lowlands and mts. to 2000 m on the ec,s Philippine islands of Semirara, Calamian Is., Cuyo Is., Palawan, Balabac, Cagayan Sula, Tablas, Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Panaon, Mindanao, Basilan, Sulu Arch.; Moluccan Is. of Morotai, Halmahera, Bacan, Buru, Ambon, Haruku, Seram, Saparua; New Guinea and most adj. islands; D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade archipelagos; New Britain and Rooke I. in the Bismarck Arch.; Guadalcanal and San Cristobal islands in the Solomon Is.; n,e Australia from n W. Australia w to the Kimberleys, e to Queensland and s through e New South Wales to e Victoria.

Dicrurus andamanensis  ANDAMAN DRONGO.  Forest.  Andaman Islands.
Dicrurus paradiseus  GREATER RACKET-TAILED DRONGO.  Open forest, edge, second growth, farms.  Up to 1500 m from India n to the Himalayan foothills; Sri Lanka; Burma and s China, Hainan I., s through se Asia to the Andaman and Nicobar islands; Sumatra, Simeulue, Banyak Is., Nias, Riau and Lingga archipelagos, Bangka and Belitung; Java, Bali and Borneo, incl. Anambas, N. Natuna, Balembangan and Banggi islands.
 

       .        .
         Passeriformes 09
© Picchio Verde by Alberto Masi