Order GALLIFORMES
                                           Parvorder Phasianida
                                            Superfamily Phasianoidea
                                        Family Phasianidae
                                          Superfamily Numidoidea
                                        Family Numididae
                                         Parvorder Odontophorida
                                       Family Odontophoridae

                                        Order GALLIFORMES
                                        Family PHASIANIDAE
Lerwa lerwa  SNOW PARTRIDGE.  Alpine rocky slopes and low vegetation above tree line.  Himalayas, 3000-5200 m in Pakistan, n India, s Tibet and wc,sw China.
Ammoperdix griseogularis  SEE-SEE PARTRIDGE.  Dry rocky slopes with sparse vegetation, forest areas with cliffs.  From se Turkey and the Middle East e to the Transcaucasus and Pakistan.
Ammoperdix heyi  SAND PARTRIDGE.  Desert, especially rocky areas.  Egypt from the Nile Valley e to the Sinai Peninsula; ne Sudan, Ethiopia, Near East and Arabia.
Tetraogallus caucasicus  CAUCASIAN SNOWCOCK.  Cliffs and stony slopes with sparse vegetation.  Caucasus Mts., 1800-4000 m.
Tetraogallus caspius  CASPIAN SNOWCOCK.  Steep rocky slopes, thickets in dry meadows.  Mts., 1800-3000 m, in c,e Turkey, Transcaucasus and w,n Iran.
Tetraogallus tibetanus  TIBETAN SNOWCOCK.  Bleak rocky and barren slopes.  Himalayas, 3000-5800 m in the e Pamir Mts. in e Tadzikistan, n India, extreme n Nepal, Tibet and w China.
Tetraogallus altaicus  ALTAI SNOWCOCK.  Steep stony slopes, alpine meadows.  Mts. above 2000 m in the Altai and Sayan mts. of sw Siberia and w Mongolia.
Tetraogallus himalayensis  HIMALAYAN SNOWCOCK.  Steep stony slopes with sparse vegetation, alpine meadows.  Himalayas, 3000-6000 m in n,e Afghanistan, Turkestan, n India and w China.  Introduced in Nevada.
Tetraophasis obscurus  CHESTNUT-THROATED PARTRIDGE.  Stony slopes, ravines with bushes or junipers.  High mts. above tree line of w China in c Kansu, e Tsinghai, w,n Szechwan.
Tetraophasis szechenyii  BUFF-THROATED PARTRIDGE.  Coniferous forest, rhododendron scrub.  Himalayas, 3350-4900 m in se Tibet, sw China and extreme ne India in n Arunachal Pradesh.
Alectoris barbara  BARBARY PARTRIDGE.  Rocky and scrubby hillsides, ravines with bushes or junipers, mostly in desert areas.  Canary Is.; Gibraltar, Sardinia and n Africa from Morocco e to nw Egypt and s to se Algeria, sw Libya, n Chad and n Mauritania.
Alectoris melanocephala  ARABIAN PARTRIDGE.  Rocky deserts.  Sw,e Arabia from Oman sw to Yemen and sw Saudi Arabia.
Alectoris chukar  CHUKAR.  Dry rocky hillsides with sparse vegetation, grassy slopes.  S Eurasia from se Europe in the Balkans e through Turkey, Near and Middle East s to Sinai Peninsula, nw Arabia, Transcaucasus, s Kazakhstan, Turkestan and Altai to Pakistan (exc. se,e), n India, w Tibet, Mongolia and n China.  Introduced  St. Helena I., Robbens I. off S. Africa, Hawaiian Is., and w N. America.
Alectoris philbyi  PHILBY'S PARTRIDGE.  Rocky deserts.  Sw Saudi Arabia and w Yemen.
Alectoris magna  RUSTY-NECKLACED PARTRIDGE.  Rocky slopes, high barren plains, desolate areas.  Mts. of nc China in Tsinghai and se Kansu.
Alectoris graeca  ROCK PARTRIDGE.  Rocky and stony hillsides with sparse vegetation.  Mts. c,se Europe from France, Switzerland, s Germany, Yugoslavia, Austria and Bulgaria s to Sicily and Greece.  Hybridizes with rufa in the s French Alps.
Alectoris rufa  RED-LEGGED PARTRIDGE.  Open rocky or scrubby areas, farms.  Sw Europe from France,  s to Iberian Peninsula, Corsica and nw Italy.  Hybridizes with graeca in the s French Alps.  Introduced  British Isles (now rare), c Europe; on Gran Canaria in the Canary Is., Madeira I. and the Azores.
Francolinus francolinus  BLACK FRANCOLIN.  Grassland, scrubby and bushy areas, marshes.  From Cyprus, s Turkey and Near East e through Middle East (Iran, Iraq, s Afghanistan) to Pakistan and n India.  Formerly in s Europe, now extirpated.  Introduced  Guam, Hawaiian Is., sw Louisiana, s Florida, but now rare or extirpated.
Francolinus pictus  PAINTED FRANCOLIN.  Scrubby and grassy hillsides.  Lowlands and foothills of s India and Sri Lanka.  Hybridizes with francolinus where they meet.
Francolinus pintadeanus  CHINESE FRANCOLIN.  Se India, se China and se Asia (except Malay pen.).
Francolinus pondicerianus  GREY FRANCOLIN.  Open arid country with scrub or grass, fields.  Lowlands to 1200 m from se Iran and ne Arabia e through s Afghanistan and Pakistan to India and Sri Lanka.  Introduced  se Arabia, Seychelles, and Mascarene, Andaman and Hawaiian islands.
Francolinus gularis  SWAMP FRANCOLIN.  Grasslands in swampy areas.  Plains to 1200 m of n India from Uttar Pradesh and w Nepal through n Bihar and w Bengal to Assam and Bangladesh.
Peliperdix coqui  COQUI FRANCOLIN.  Short grass in brachystegia woodland and acacia savanna.  Locally from s Mauritania e through s Mali and sw Niger to n Nigeria, Gabon, s Congo Rep., sw,sc,se Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, sw Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe s to nw Namibia, n,e Botswana and ne S. Africa in e,ne Cape Prov., Transvaal, Natal and n,e Orange Free State.
Peliperdix albogularis  WHITE-THROATED FRANCOLIN.  Woodland.  Senegambia, sw Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, n Cameroon; se Zaire, ce Angola and Zambia.
Peliperdix schlegelii  SCHLEGEL'S FRANCOLIN.  Woodland, savanna.  E Cameroon, extreme s Chad, n C. African Rep. and sw Sudan.
Peliperdix lathami  FOREST FRANCOLIN.  Forest.  Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria, s Cameroon, s C. African Rep. and n,ne Zaire, to extreme sw Sudan and w Uganda, s to Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Cabinda, sc,ce Zaire and extreme nw Tanzania.
Peliperdix sephaena  CRESTED FRANCOLIN.  Acacia savanna, usually near water.  From s Angola, s Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, extreme ne Zaire, se Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia and Kenya (exc. coastally) s to ne Namibia, n,e Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and ne S. Africa in Transvaal, Swaziland and e Natal.
P. sephaena and P. rovuma occupy different habitats and interbreed in Ethiopia and Kenya.
Habitat destruction may have brought them into contact.  They have been viewed as subspecies of sephaena.
Peliperdix rovuma  KIRK'S FRANCOLIN.  Dense riverine and coastal brush.  Coastal areas in ne Somalia; from Kenya s to Malawi and c Mozambique.  See P. sephaena.
Scleroptila streptophorus  RING-NECKED FRANCOLIN.  Grasslands, bush, stony hillsides.  Mts. in sw Cameroon, n C. African Rep., Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, w Kenya and nw Tanzania.
Scleroptila finschi  FINSCH'S FRANCOLIN.  Brachystegia woodland.  Sw Zaire, se Gabon, Congo and nw Angola.
Scleroptila africanus  GREY-WINGED FRANCOLIN.  Grasslands.  Lowlands and foothills to 1800 m of S. Africa in se Transvaal, s,e Orange Free State, Lesotho, w Natal and s,e Cape Prov.
Scleroptila levaillantii  RED-WINGED FRANCOLIN.  Grasslands.  Locally in wc,c Angola, w,n Zambia, se,ce,ne Zaire, Uganda, w Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, s Tanzania, n Malawi and S. Africa in e Transvaal, Lesotho, Natal and s Cape Prov.
Scleroptila psilolaemus  MOORLAND FRANCOLIN.  Heath, grasslands.  Mts. above 2500 m from c Ethiopia s to Kenya; on Mt. Elgon in extreme e Uganda and extreme w Kenya.
Scleroptila shelleyi  SHELLEY'S FRANCOLIN.  Forest clearings, open bush.  Lowlands to 600 m from se Zaire,Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania and c,s Kenya s through Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Mozambique to ne S. Africa in e Transvaal, Natal and extreme e Cape Province.
Scleroptila levaillantoides  ORANGE RIVER FRANCOLIN.  Acacia steppe, arid grasslands.  Locally in ne Africa in se Sudan, ne Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea and n Somalia; s Africa in w,s Angola, ne Namibia, Botswana and n S. Africa in cn Cape Prov., w,c Transvaal and Orange Free State.
Note:  D. A. Turner (pers. comm.) reports that the East African List Committee recognizes "Francolinus (shelleyi) archeri  Northern Acacia Francolin, in se Sudan, ne Uganda, n Kenya
and s Ethiopia.  F. levaillantoides is best restricted to S. Africa."
In addition, Turner notes that the East African Committee suggest that "ne Africa forms archeri, gutturalis and lorti appear to be more closely allied to F. shelleyi than to levaillantoides.  Vocalizations of archeri very similar to those of shelleyi.
However, gutteralis may warrant specific status, while lorti of n Somalia remains little known."
Pternistis nahani  NAHAN'S FRANCOLIN.  Humid forest.  Ne Zaire and Uganda.
Pternistis hartlaubi  HARTLAUB'S FRANCOLIN.  Rocky areas with grass and bushes.  Sw Angola and n,c Namibia.
Pternistis bicalcaratus  DOUBLE-SPURRED FRANCOLIN.  Grasslands, savanna.  From w Morocco, sw Mauritania, Senegambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, s Mali, Burkina Faso, s Niger and sw Chad s to Gulf of Guinea and s Cameroon.
Pternistis clappertoni  CLAPPERTON'S FRANCOLIN.  Grasslands, savanna.  S Mauritania, Mali, s Niger and n Nigeria e to Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea, s to n Cameroon, s Chad, n C. African Rep. and ne Uganda.
Pternistis icterorhynchus  HEUGLIN'S FRANCOLIN.  Grasslands, savanna.  Cameroon, C. African Rep. and sw Sudan s to n,ne Zaire and Uganda.
Pternistis harwoodi  HARWOOD'S FRANCOLIN.  Typha beds.  Blue Nile gorges sw of Lake Tana in c Ethiopia.
Pternistis adspersus  RED-BILLED FRANCOLIN.  Dry bush along streams.  S Angola, sw Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, extreme cw Zimbabwe and extreme cn S. Africa in ne Cape Province.
Pternistis capensis  CAPE FRANCOLIN.  Riverine scrub, dense brush.  Extreme s Namibia and w,s Cape Province in w S. Africa.
Pternistis hildebrandti  HILDEBRANDT'S FRANCOLIN.  Grassy areas on rocky ground, riverine thickets, acacia savanna, woodland.  From extreme e Uganda, Rwanda and Kenya s through Burundi, se Zaire and Tanzania to e Zambia, Malawi and adjacent n Mozambique.
Pternistis natalensis  NATAL FRANCOLIN.  Grassy areas on rocky ground, riverine thickets, acacia savanna and woodland.  From Zambia and w Mozambique s through Zimbabwe and e Botswana to n S. Africa in Transvaal, Natal, e Orange Free State, extreme ne,e Cape Province.
Pternistis ahantensis  AHANTA FRANCOLIN.  Forest, farms.  Lowlands of s Mali, Senegambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo e to w Nigeria w of the Niger River.
Pternistis squamatus  SCALY FRANCOLIN.  Forest, dense brush, farms, often near water.  Nigeria (e of the Niger River), Gulf of Guinea Is., s Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, s C. African Rep., s Sudan and w,c Ethiopia, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania s to extreme nw Angola, sw,cs,se Zaire, n Malawi.
Pternistis griseostriatus  GREY-STRIPED FRANCOLIN.  Forest.  Locally in w Angola.
Pternistis leucoscepus  YELLOW-NECKED SPURFOWL.  Grasslands, farms.  Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, ne Uganda and n Tanzania.
Pternistis rufopictus  GREY-BREASTED SPURFOWL.  Dry grasslands with scattered thorn trees.  S,se of Lake Victoria in n Tanzania.  Hybridizes with leucoscepus.
Pternistis afer   RED-NECKED SPURFOWL.  Brushy and grassy areas, wooded gorges.
There is much variation in this complex and there may be several species involved.
 P. a. afer.  Angola exc. ne, n Namibia, s Zambia, s Malawi, coastal Kenya, e Tanzania, n,e Zimbabwe, Mozambique and e,s S. Africa in se Transvaal, Natal and s Cape Province.
 P. a. cranchii.  Lowlands in Gabon, Congo on lower Congo River, sw,sc,ne Zaire, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and w Kenya s to ne Angola, n Zambia, n Malawi and w,s Tanzania.
Pternistis swainsonii  SWAINSON'S SPURFOWL.  Bushy veld, esp. near water.  N,c Namibia, s Angola, Zambia (exc. n), Zimbabwe, Botswana, w Mozambique and ne S. Africa in n,e Cape Province, Transvaal, Orange Free State, Natal, Lesotho and Swaziland.
Pternistis erckelii  ERCKEL'S FRANCOLIN.  Scrub, brush, open areas with scattered trees.  Ne Africa in e Sudan, n Ethiopia and Eritrea.  Introduced  Hawaiian Islands.
Pternistis ochropectus  OCHRE-BREASTED FRANCOLIN.  Juniper forest.  Confined to relict Foret du Day in Djibouti.
Pternistis castaneicollis  CHESTNUT-NAPED FRANCOLIN.  Forest.  Mts. in n,c,s,sw Ethiopia, nc Somalia and Kenya.
Pternistis nobilis  HANDSOME FRANCOLIN.  Forest.  Mts. of ne,ce Zaire, w Uganda and Rwanda.
Pternistis jacksoni  JACKSON'S FRANCOLIN.  Forest.  Mts. of e Uganda and w,c  Kenya.
Pternistis camerunensis  CAMEROON FRANCOLIN.  Forest.  Cameroon Mt. in sw Cameroon.
Pternistis swierstrai  SWIERSTRA'S FRANCOLIN.  Forest.  Mts. of cw,sw Angola.
Perdix perdix  GREY PARTRIDGE.  Farms, undergrowth of woodland edge, steppes, meadows.  Widespread in Eurasia, in part by introductions, from the British Isles and s Scandinavia e across c Russia to the Altai, n,e Kazakhstan, Kirghiz steppes, w Mongolia and w China, s to n Spain, s France, Italy, Balkans, Black Sea area, Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Turkey and nw Iran.  Introduced  s Canada, n U.S.
Perdix dauurica  DAURIAN PARTRIDGE.  Forested steppes, farms, rocky slopes.  C Asia in s Russia, Kirghiz steppes and e Kazakhstan ne to Altai, s Siberia, Mongolia and n China.
Perdix hodgsoniae  TIBETAN PARTRIDGE.  Bushy slopes with dwarf rhododendrons or junipers, fields, meadows.  Himalayas, 2700-4900 m, in c China, Tibet and n India.
Rhizothera longirostris  LONG-BILLED PARTRIDGE.  Dry forest, esp. bamboo.  Lowlands to 1200 m in the Malay Peninsula; few records for Sumatra; Borneo (rare on Mts. Dulit and Batu Song at 1000 m); also in the lowlands of sw Sarawak and the Barito catchment.
Margaroperdix madagascarensis  MADAGASCAR PARTRIDGE.  Brush, weedy farmland.  Lowlands to 2700 m of Madagascar.  Introduced  Réunion.
Melanoperdix nigra  BLACK PARTRIDGE.  Forest, esp. with palm undergrowth, peat swamps.  Lowlands to 600 m in Malaya, Borneo and Sumatra.
Coturnix coturnix  COMMON QUAIL.  Fields, meadows, pastures, grassy steppes.  The two groups listed below are widely allopatric and might be viewed as separate species; additional subdivision may be justified.  The insular populstions may be separate species.
C. c. coturnix  From British Isles and s Scandinavia e across nw,c Russia to wc,sw Siberia, s to the Azores, Madeira I., Canary Is., Cape Verde Is., nw Africa from Morocco to Tunisia, n Mediterranean region incl. most islands, Turkey, Near East, cn,sw Arabia, w,n Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, w China and Mongolia.
 C. c. africana  Ce Zaire, Uganda, Rwanda, extreme se Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, s S. Africa and sw Namibia; Comoro Is., Madagascar; Mauritius.
Coturnix japonica  JAPANESE QUAIL.  Grassland, marshes, farms, pastures.  Se Siberia from Lake Baikal and Transbaicalia e to Sakhalin, s Kuril Is. and Japan s to n Mongolia, ne China and Korea.  Introduced  Hawaiian Islands.  Often lumped with C. coturnix, but they are sympatric in Mongolia.
Coturnix pectoralis  STUBBLE QUAIL.  Rank grassland, farms.  E,c Australia and coastal w Australia; Tasmania.  Absent from Cape York Peninsula.
*Coturnix novaezelandiae  NEW ZEALAND QUAIL.  Extinct; formerly New Zealand.
Coturnix coromandelica  RAIN QUAIL.  Grassland, scrubby jungle, farms.  Lowlands and Himalayan foothills to 2000 m in Pakistan, India, Burma (exc. Tenasserim) and wc Thailand.
Coturnix delegorguei  HARLEQUIN QUAIL.  Grasslands.  Senegambia, Mali, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Cameroon, Fernando Po and São Tomé islands, Gabon, Congo, Zaire, C. Afr. Rep., s Chad, s Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, s Somalia and s Arabia, s locally (exc. forested w,c) in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe to n,e S. Africa in ne Cape Prov., Transvaal, Orange Free State and Natal; Madagascar.
Coturnix ypsilophora  BROWN QUAIL.  Swampy grassland, pasture, swampy heath.
C. y. australis  Lowlands to 1200 m in the Lesser Sunda Is. from Flores and Sumba e to Wetar, Timor, Kisar, Leti, Moa and Lakor; New Guinea lowlands to 3650 m; Australia (except most of desert interior and Tasmania). Introduced New Zealand, Fiji.
 C. y. ypsilophora  SWAMP QUAIL.  Tasmania.  Has been considered a separate species.
Coturnix adansonii  BLUE QUAIL.  Wet grasslands, damp woods, marshes.  In Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, C. Afr. Rep., s Chad, n Zaire and se Sudan to sw Ethiopia, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, w,s Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, s to Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe and e S. Africa in Natal and e Cape Province.
Coturnix chinensis  BLUE-BREASTED QUAIL.  Grasslands, marshy areas, scrub, clearings, dry farmland.  Lowlands to 2000 m from India, Sri Lanka and se China, Hainan and Taiwan, s to se Asia, Andaman and Nicobar islands; Indonesia; the Philippines; New Guinea; Bismarck Arch.; coastal n,e,se Australia w to N. Territory and s S. Australia to the Yorke Peninsula.  Introduced in the Mascarene Is. and Guam.
Anurophasis monorthonyx  SNOW MOUNTAINS QUAIL.  Alpine grasslands.  Snow Mts., 3000-4000 m, of c New Guinea.
Perdicula asiatica  JUNGLE BUSH-QUAIL.  Dry scrub and brush.  Lowlands to 1250 m of India and Sri Lanka.  Absent from Pakistan, w Rajasthan, Bangladesh and Assam.
Perdicula argoondah  ROCK BUSH-QUAIL.  Semi-desert areas, stony thorn scrub.  Lowlands of India from Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh s to ec Mysore, extreme n Tamil and w,n Madhya Pradesh.
Perdicula erythrorhyncha  PAINTED BUSH-QUAIL.  Grassland, scrub, deciduous forest.  Lowlands to 2000 m of peninsular India n to Maharashtra, e Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and W. Bengal.
Perdicula manipurensis  MANIPUR BUSH-QUAIL.  Grassland, deciduous scrub.  Lowlands to 1000 m of ne India from n W. Bengal e to Assam and Manipur.
Xenoperdix udzungwensis  UDZUNGWA FOREST PARTRIDGE.  Floor of montane and submontane evergreen forest.  Udzungwa Mts., 1350-1900 m, of Tanzania.  A new genus and new species discovered in 1991.  Dinesen, et al. Ibis 136:3-11, 1994.  Reported to have a small range and to be rare; local hunters are said to be depleting the species and "its future looks pretty bleak"  (World Birdwatch 16(1)).
Arborophila torqueola  HILL PARTRIDGE.  Humid forest, scrub.  Himalayas, 1500-4000 m in n India, s Tibet, sw China, w, n Burma and n Vietnam.
Arborophila rufogularis  RUFOUS-THROATED PARTRIDGE.  Undergrowth of humid forest, dense second growth, scrub.  Highlands, 600-2400 m in n India, sw China, Burma, nw Thailand, n,c Laos and n,c Vietnam.
Arborophila atrogularis  WHITE-CHEEKED PARTRIDGE.  Humid forest undergrowth, adjacent scrub.  Lowlands to 1500 m in se India, extreme sw China and w,n,e Burma.
Arborophila crudigularis  FORMOSAN PARTRIDGE.  Forest.  Mts. of Taiwan.
Arborophila mandellii  CHESTNUT-BREASTED PARTRIDGE.  Humid forest undergrowth.  Himalayan foothills, 350-2450 m in n India and se Tibet.
Arborophila brunneopectus  BAR-BACKED PARTRIDGE.  Forest.  Lowlands to 1800 m in w China, s,e Burma, nw,sw Thailand, Laos and n,c Vietnam.
Arborophila rufipectus  SICHUAN PARTRIDGE.  Forest, bamboo thickets.  Hills of sw China in se Szechwan and probably in ne Yunnan.
Arborophila orientalis  GREY-BREASTED PARTRIDGE. Forest.  Foothills, 900-1800 m in Malaya; foothills, 500-2000 m in nw,c Sumatra in the Barisan Range, and mts. of e Java, notably in the Yang and Ijen Highlands.
Arborophila javanica  CHESTNUT-BELLIED PARTRIDGE.  Forest.  Mts., 1000-3000 m of w,c Java e to Lawu.
Arborophila hyperythra  RED-BREASTED PARTRIDGE. Thickets and bamboo in forest.  Hills and mts. of North Borneo from Mt. Kinabalu s to Usun Apau and upper Kayan, and Mt. Mulu.  Also in submontane forests from 600-1200 m in the Kelabit highlands and reported from Ulu Barito.
Arborophila gingica  WHITE-NECKLACED PARTRIDGE.  Dense forest.  Hills of se China in sw Chekiang, c Fukien, n Kwantung and ec Kwangsi.
Arborophila davidi  ORANGE-NECKED PARTRIDGE.  Habitat unknown.  Lowlands of s Vietnam.  Known from one specimen from e Cochinchina.
Arborophila cambodiana  CHESTNUT-HEADED PARTRIDGE.  Forest.  Hills, 300-1500 m in sw Cambodia and se Thailand.
Arborophila rubrirostris  RED-BILLED PARTRIDGE.  Mossy gullies, dense ungrowth of forest.  Mts., 900-2500 m in the Barisan Range of Sumatra.
Arborophila ardens  HAINAN PARTRIDGE.  Woodland, forest.  Mts. of Hainan I., off se China.
Arborophila chloropus  SCALY-BREASTED PARTRIDGE.  Forest, second growth.  Lowlands to 1400 m of Burma (exc. s Tenasserim), sw China, Thailand (exc. c) and Indochina, except c,s Vietnam.
Arborophila merlini  ANNAM PARTRIDGE.  Forest, second growth.  Lowlands to 1400 m of c Vietnam in c Annam.  Often treated as a subspecies of A. chloropus and so considered by B. King (pers. comm.).
Arborophila charltonii  CHESTNUT-NECKLACED PARTRIDGE.  Forest, second growth, edge of farmland.  Lowlands to 1370 m in the Malay Peninsula, N. Vietnam, Borneo (Sabah) and lowlands of e Sumatra.
Caloperdix oculea  FERRUGINOUS PARTRIDGE.  Forest.  Lowlands to 1000 m of the Malay Pen., Borneo from the Kelabit uplands to the Usun Apau plateau and Dulit, also Mt. Magdalena; Sumatra rare in the lowland and hill scrub and forest to 1000 m.
Haematortyx sanguiniceps  CRIMSON-HEADED PARTRIDGE.  Heath forests and dry sandy forests of valleys in mts. of Borneo.  Uncommon, 500-1700 m, occasionally down to 200 m.
Rollulus rouloul  CRESTED PARTRIDGE.  Forest, dense second growth.  Lowlands to 1200 m in the Malay Peninsula; lowlands up to 800 m in Sumatra (formerly incl. Bangka and Belitung), and Borneo to 1200 m.  R. rouloul is the correct spelling; incorrectly roulroul.
Ptilopachus petrosus  STONE PARTRIDGE.  Rocky areas in savanna and open woods.  Senegambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, s Mauritania, s Mali, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, s Niger, s Chad and s Sudan to w,s Ethiopia, Eritrea, s to c Cameroon, n C. African Rep., ne Zaire, n Uganda, nw,c Kenya.
Bambusicola fytchii  MOUNTAIN BAMBOO-PARTRIDGE.  Open scrub, grass, bamboo.  Mts., 900-2100 m in e India, sc,sw China, w,ne,e Burma, nw Thailand, n Laos and n Vietnam in nw Tonkin.
Bambusicola thoracica  CHINESE BAMBOO-PARTRIDGE.  Dry bush country, bamboo thickets.  Lowlands to 1100 m of s China and Taiwan.
Galloperdix spadicea  RED SPURFOWL.  Brushy country, scrub, bamboo jungle, woods.  Lowlands to 1000 m of India w to Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and w Nepal.
Galloperdix lunulata  PAINTED SPURFOWL.  Semi-arid steppes and rocky foothills.  Lowlands to 1200 m of c,peninsular India n to Marashtra, e Rajasthan and s Uttar Pradesh, e to w Bangladesh, except for coastal area w of the W. Ghats..
Galloperdix bicalcarata  CEYLON SPURFOWL.  Humid forest.  Lowlands to 1800 m of Sri Lanka.
*Ophrysia superciliosa  HIMALAYAN QUAIL.  Extinct.  Last reported ca. 1868.  Formerly w Himalayas of n India in Garhwal and Kumaon.
Ithaginis cruentus  BLOOD PHEASANT.  Coniferous forest, rhododendron scrub to snow line.  Himalayas, 1800-3650 m in n India from Nepal e to Arunachal Pradesh, s Tibet, w,c China and ne Burma.
Tragopan melanocephalus  WESTERN TRAGOPAN.  Coniferous or mixed forest, rhododendron or birch scrub.  W Himalayas, 1350-3600 m in extreme n Pakistan, nw India and adjacent sw Tibet.
Tragopan satyra  SATYR TRAGOPAN.  Coniferous and deciduous forest.  Himalayas, 1700-4000 m in n India from Garhwal e to Assam and se Tibet.
Tragopan blythii  BLYTH'S TRAGOPAN.  Forest.  Himalayas, 1800-4000 m in se Tibet, ne India, extreme sw China and w,ne Burma.
Tragopan temminckii  TEMMINCK'S TRAGOPAN.  Evergreen or mixed forest, dense rhododendron, bamboo.  Mts., 1800-4600 m from se Tibet and c China e to extreme ne India, ne Burma and n Vietnam in nw Tonkin.
Tragopan caboti  CABOT'S TRAGOPAN.  Forest.  Foothills, 900-1500 m of se China in sw Chekiang, nw,c Fukien, n Kwantung, n Kwangsi and se Hunan.
Pucrasia macrolopha  KOKLASS PHEASANT.  Steep, broken, or rocky slopes in coniferous or mixed forests, dense brush, bamboo.  Locally in mts., 1000-4500 m from e Afghanistan e through the Himalayas of extreme n Pakistan and n India to e Tibet and c,e China.
Lophophorus impejanus  HIMALAYAN MONAL.  Open forest, rhododendron thickets, usually on rocky, broken and steep slopes and in gorges.  Himalayas, 2500-5000 m in e Afghanistan, extreme n Pakistan, n India and adjacent s Tibet.
Lophophorus sclateri  SCLATER'S MONAL.  Ravines and rocky slopes in forest.  E Himalayas in ne India, adjacent s Tibet, sw China and ne Burma.
Lophophorus lhuysii  CHINESE MONAL.  Coniferous forest, rhododendron scrub, rocky alpine meadows and tundras.  Mts., 2700-4950 m of c China in s Kansu, e Tsinghai and nw,n Szechwan.
Gallus gallus  RED JUNGLEFOWL.  Forest undergrowth, second growth, scrub, grassland, farms.  Lowlands to 2000 m from the Himalayan foothills of extreme n Pakistan and n,e India from Kashmir e to Arunachal Pradesh, and s through Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh to ne Andhra Pradesh at least to lat 17°N on both banks of the Godavari River, where it contacts G. sonneratii, Orissa, Bihar, W. Bengal and Bangladesh, and e,s through most of se Asia; Sumatra, Java, Bali and, possibly introduced, Sulawesi and the Philippines.
Hybridizes with G. sonneratii in areas of contact.
Gallus sonneratii  GREY JUNGLEFOWL.  Forest, scrub, bamboo.  Lowlands to 2400 m of peninsular India n to Gujarat, s Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and the Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh.
Gallus lafayetii  CEYLON JUNGLEFOWL.  Humid forest, coastal scrub.  Lowlands and mts. to 1600 m of Sri Lanka.
Gallus varius  GREEN JUNGLEFOWL.  Forest.  Lowlands to 2400 m in Java and the adj. islands of Madura, Bawean and Kangean; and the Lesser Sunda Is. e to Sumba, Flores and Alor.
Lophura leucomelanos  KALIJ PHEASANT.  Forest undergrowth near streams, thick undergrowth, bamboo, cane, dense scrub.
*
The following subspecies groups were treated as species in Peters, Checklist of Birds of the World (vol. 2, pp. 112-113) and they are sometimes treated as races of L. nycthemera.
L. leucomelanos hybridizes with L. nycthemera where they are in contact and they may be conspecific.
L. l. leucomelanos  Himalayas, 400-3700 m in extreme n Pakistan (Indus R.), sw Tibet and n India from Kashmir e to Bhutan.  Introduced  on Hawaii, Hawaiian Is.
 L. l. lathami  N India from e Bhutan e to Arunachal Pradesh and s to the Chittagong Hills, Mizoram, Manipur and Nagaland; s Tibet (e of leucomelanos) and n Burma s to lat. 20°N.
 L. l. lineata  S Burma s of lat. 20°N and nw,sw Thailand.
*
Lophura nycthemera  SILVER PHEASANT.  Forest, grassy slopes at forest edge, bamboo thickets.  Mts., 300-2150 m in sc, se China, Hainan I., ne,c,e Burma, nw,ne,se Thailand and Indochina.
Lophura imperialis  IMPERIAL PHEASANT.  Dense forest, brush on limestone mts.  Mts. of c Vietnam in n Annam and adjacent Laos.
Lophura edwardsi  EDWARDS'S PHEASANT.  Damp forest.  Up to 900 m of c Vietnam in c Annam.  Possibly extinct.  Last collected in 1928 but reported seen in 1985.
Lophura hatinhensis  VIETNAMESE FIREBACK.  Forest.  Lowlands of nc Vietnam in n Annam; males known only from the type specimen collected in 1964, a second specimen not entirely preserved, and identifiable feathers brought in from at least two others.
Lophura swinhoii  SWINHOE'S PHEASANT.  Primary or mature secondary hardwood forest.  Hills, 850-2800 m of Taiwan.  Reduced to ca. 120 individuals in 1958, since increased by reintroduction of birds raised in Europe.
Lophura hoogerwerfi  HOOGERWERF'S PHEASANT.  Dense forest.  Mts., 1200-2000 m, of n Sumatra.  Few records, all from Gayo Highlands, including Leuser National Park.
Taxonomic status unclear, known only from one female specimen; males have not been described, other than as being "dark".  May be conspecific with L. inornata.
Lophura inornata  SALVADORI'S PHEASANT.  Dense forest.  Mts., 1000-1800 m, of c,s Sumatra in the c and s Barisan Range s of the Ophir district; up to 2200 m on Mt. Kerinci.
Lophura erythrophthalma  CRESTLESS FIREBACK.  Forest.  Lowlands in Malaya, Borneo n to Brunei and west; a few records from Sumatra.
Lophura ignita  CRESTED FIREBACK.  Forest.  Lowlands in Malaya, Borneo n to Brunei and west; a few records from Sumatra.
Lophura diardi  SIAMESE FIREBACK.  Forest, scrub, second growth.  Lowlands to 600 m in nw,ne,se Thailand and Indochina, exc. n N. Vietnam in Tonkin.
Lophura bulweri  BULWER'S FIREBACK.  Forest.  Lowlands to 1300 m of Borneo.
Crossoptilon harmani  TIBETAN EARED-PHEASANT.  Bushy, grassy clearings, rhododendron thickets.  Himalayas, 2400-5000 m in sw,sc Tibet and adjacent ne India in extreme n Arunachal Pradesh.
Crossoptilon crossoptilon  WHITE EARED-PHEASANT.  Coniferous and mixed forest, rhododendron and juniper scrub, open grassy slopes.  Himalayas, 3050-4300 m, of sc China and se Tibet, e of C. harmani.
Crossoptilon mantchuricum  BROWN EARED-PHEASANT.  Bleak, rocky areas, shrubs, scrub, coarse grass, sparse and stunted conifers or birch.  Mts. above 2000 m of ne China in n,nw Hopeh, n Shansi, formerly Inner Mongolia.  Rare in the wild.
Crossoptilon auritum  BLUE EARED-PHEASANT.  Conifers and mixed forest, junipers, bushy alpine meadows.  Mts. of nc China in e Tsinghai, s Kansu, and from e Inner Mongolia w to se Kansu and e Tsinghai, s to nw Szechwan.
Catreus wallichi  CHEER PHEASANT.  Forest, scrub, meadows.  Himalayas, 1400-3500 m in
e Afghanistan, extreme n Pakistan and n India from Kashmir e to wc Nepal.
Syrmaticus ellioti  ELLIOT'S PHEASANT.  Forest, bamboo, mixed woods.  Mts. of e China s
of the Yangtze in Kiangsi, s Anwhei, Chekiang, Fukien and n Kwantung.
Syrmaticus humiae  HUME'S PHEASANT.  Humid forest.  Mts., 400-3050 m in e India, sw China, n,c Burma and nw Thailand.
Syrmaticus mikado  MIKADO PHEASANT.  Forest.  Mts., 1800-3050 m, of c Taiwan.
Syrmaticus soemmerringii  COPPER PHEASANT.  Coniferous forest, esp. Cryptomeria and cypress, dense undergrowth adjoining mixed forest, grassy hillsides.  Lowlands and mts. of Japan on Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu.
Syrmaticus reevesii  REEVES'S PHEASANT.  Tall grass and bushes in open woods with pine, cypress, Thuja or oak.   Hills, 275-1800 m, of c China from extreme s Inner Mongolia, Shensi, Shansi and w Hopeh s through Honan and w Anhwei to e Szechwan, n Kweichow and Hupeh.
Phasianus colchicus  COMMON PHEASANT.  Open country, farms, scrubby wastes, open woods, edge, grassy steppes, desert oases, riverine thickets, swamps.  Many subspecies have been described, the following are subspecies groups, sometimes treated as species.  Many introductions of mainly of colchicus and torquatus, or of mixed stocks.  Introductions virtually worldwide.
*
P. c. colchicus.  BLACK-NECKED PHEASANT.  Widespread but local in lowlands and mts. to 4000 m of sc Eurasia in nw Turkey (probably introduced), n Caucasus, Transcaucasus, Transcaspia, s Turkestan, n Iran and Afghanistan.  Includes chrysomelas, mongolicus, tarimensis and possibly torquatus.
 P. c. torquatus.  RING-NECKED PHEASANT.  E,s Asia from the Aral Sea area, e Kazakhstan, n Turkestan, Mongolia, n China, se Siberia and Korea s throughout China, Taiwan, to n Burma and n Vietnam in Tonkin.
 P. c. versicolor.  GREEN PHEASANT.  Lowlands to 1070 m of Japan, except Hokkaido.  Introduced  Hawaiian Is.  Often treated as a separate species.
*
Chrysolophus pictus  GOLDEN PHEASANT.  Bushy slopes, bamboo, woods, terraced fields.  Mts. of c,s China from se Tsinghai e through s Kansu to s Shensi and s through Szechwan, w Hupeh and w Hunan to n Kwangsi, Kweichow and ne Yunnan.  At lower elevations and e of amherstiae. Introduced  in British Isles.
Chrysolophus amherstiae  LADY AMHERST'S PHEASANT.  Wooded slopes, bamboo, thickets.  Mts., 900-4575 m, in extreme se Tibet, sc,s China, ne,e Burma.  Usually occurs at higher elevations and in colder regions than pictus, and to the west of its range.  Introduced  locally in the British Isles.  The two species of Chrysolophus interbreed in captivity.
Polyplectron chalcurum  BRONZE-TAILED PEACOCK-PHEASANT.  Forest.  Hills, 450-1200 m of Sumatra.
Polyplectron inopinatum  MOUNTAIN PEACOCK-PHEASANT.  Forest.  Mts. above 1050 m in Malaya.
Polyplectron germaini  GERMAIN'S PEACOCK-PHEASANT.  Humid forest.  Lowlands to 1200 m of s Vietnam in s Annam and Cochinchina.
Polyplectron bicalcaratum  GREY PEACOCK-PHEASANT.  Humid forest.  Lowlands and mts. to 1800 m in e India, sw China, Burma, nw,sw Thailand, n Laos and n,c Vietnam.
Polyplectron malacense  MALAYAN PEACOCK-PHEASANT.  Forest.  Lowlands to 900 m in the Malay Peninsula; erroneous record from Sumatra.
Polyplectron schleiermacheri  BORNEAN PEACOCK-PHEASANT.  Forest.  Rare; known from scattered localities in the lowlands and up to 1100 m of w,n,se Borneo.  May be a race of P. malacense.
Polyplectron emphanum  PALAWAN PEACOCK-PHEASANT.  Humid forest.  Lowlands of Palawan I. in the sw Philippines.
Rheinardia ocellata  CRESTED ARGUS.  Humid forest.  Lowlands to 1500 m in c Vietnam, n,c Laos and Malaya.
Argusianus argus  GREAT ARGUS.  Tall, dry forest, esp. dipterocarp.  Lowlands to 1200 m in the Malay Peninsula, Borneo and Sumatra.
Argusianus bipunctatus  DOUBLE-BANDED ARGUS, based on a male primary feather alleged to have come from Tioman I. off eastern Malaya, is insufficiently documented to be recognized as a distinct, and extinct, species.
Afropavo congensis  CONGO PEACOCK.  Humid forest.  Lowlands, 350-1500 m, of c,ce Zaire.
Pavo cristatus  INDIAN PEAFOWL.  Open forest, edge, second growth.  Lowlands to 2000 m of India n to  the Indus R. and Himalayan foothills, w to Pakistan border and e to Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram.  Introduced  and semi-feral in many parts of the world, incl. locally in California, but seldom becomes established as a permanent resident.
Pavo muticus  GREEN PEAFOWL.  Forest, open park-like areas.  Lowlands to 900 m in e India, sw China, Indochina (exc. se,c Thailand) and Java.
Dendragapus falcipennis  SIBERIAN GROUSE.  Coniferous forest.  Uplands, 900-1400 m, in
e Siberia from e Transbaicalia e to Aldan R., Amurland, w coast of Sea of Okhotsk, n to Ayan, n Ussuriland, Sakhalin and n Manchuria.
Dendragapus canadensis  SPRUCE GROUSE.  Coniferous forest, dense undergrowth.
*
D. c. canadensis.  Lowlands and mts. from n Alaska, n Yukon, w,s Mackenzie, s Keewatin, ne Manitoba, n Ontario, n Quebec, Labrador and Nova Scotia, s to se Alaska w to base of Alaskan Peninsula, n British Columbia, c,se Alberta, c Saskatchewan, n Minnesota, n Wisconsin, ne Michigan, n New York, n New Hampshire and Maine.  Introduced  e Newfoundland.
 D. c. franklinii.  FRANKLIN'S GROUSE.  From se Alaska, c British Columbia and wc Alberta s to n Oregon, c,se Idaho and w Montana.  Possibly a separate species, but the evidence is weak.
*
Dendragapus obscurus  BLUE GROUSE.  Coniferous forest.  The obscurus and fuliginosus subspecies groups may be separate species, but intermediate specimens have been reported.
*
D. o. fuliginosus.  SOOTY GROUSE.  Mts., mostly 2100-3000 m from coastal se Alaska n to Yakutat Bay  and coastal British Columbia, incl. Vancouver and Queen Charlotte islands, s in coastal ranges and Cascades to nw Calif., and in Sierra Nevada to s Calif. and extreme w Nevada.
 D. o. obscurus.  BLUE GROUSE.  From se Alaska (exc. coastal), s Yukon and sw Mackenzie s through interior British Columbia, sw Alberta, e Washington and Rocky Mts. to e Nevada, n,e Arizona, sw,nc New Mexico, e Colorado and formerly w S. Dakota.
*
Lagopus lagopus  WILLOW PTARMIGAN.  Tundra, subalpine and subarctic moors.  The following subspecies groups are sometimes treated as separate species because scoticus doesn't acquire a white winter plumage, but the populations of w Norway are intermediate between lagopus
 and scoticus.
*
L. l. lagopus.  From Greenland and Scandinavia e across n,c Russia and n,c Siberia to Ussuriland and Sakhalin, s to ca. lat. 55°N in the west and ca. lat. 49°N in Kirghiz steppes, and ca. lat. 47°N
in Mongolia and Manchuria.  From Alaska e across Arctic islands (Banks, s Melville, Bathurst, w Baffin) and n,c Canada to Labrador and s to c British Columbia, c Ontario, c Quebec and Newfoundland.
 L. l. scoticus.  The RED GROUSE of the British Isles, incl. Orkney Is. and Hebrides.
*
Lagopus mutus  ROCK PTARMIGAN.  Tundra.  Greenland, Iceland, Scotland, Spitsbergen, Franz Joseph Land and the Alps, and from Scandinavia and n Russia (Kola Pen., n Urals) e through Siberia to the Bering Sea, s to Mongolia, mts. of Transbaicalia, Amurland, Kamchatka, Japan (Honshu), and the Commander and Kuril islands.  From n Alaska, nw Mackenzie and British Columbia e across the Canadian arctic islands, Mackenzie, Keewatin and n Quebec to s Labrador and Newfoundland.
Lagopus leucurus  WHITE-TAILED PTARMIGAN.  Tundra.  Mts. to 3600 m from sc Alaska, c Yukon and sw Mackenzie s to s Alaska w to Kenai Pen., s British Columbia, Vancouver I., and the Cascades of Washington, and along the Rocky Mts. from se British Columbia and sw Alberta s through Montana, Wyoming, ne Utah (Uinta Mts.) and Colorado to n New Mexico.  Introduced  c Sierra Nevada of California.
Tetrao tetrix  BLACK GROUSE.  Forest edge, moors, swampy heathlands.  Locally to ca. 2400 m from the British Isles and Scandinavia e through n Russia and n Siberia to at least the Kolyma R., Lena R. and Ussuriland, s to Ardennes, Alps, Balkans, e to Kirghiz steppes, Turkestan, n Mongolia, w,ne China, and Korea.  Hybridizes with T. urogallus.
Tetrao mlokosiewiczi  CAUCASIAN GROUSE.  Coniferous forest, edge.  Locally in mts., mostly 1500-3000 m in the Caucasus Mts. of Georgia and adjacent nw Iran, and the Black Sea coastal range in ne Turkey.
Tetrao urogallus  WESTERN CAPERCAILLIE. Mature coniferous forest.  Mostly 600-1800 m from n Europe e across n Russia and n Siberia to upper Lena R. and s locally to the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mts., Alps, Balkans, s Urals, w Siberian steppes, nw Mongolia and Transbaicalia.  Re-Introduced  in Scotland.
Tetrao parvirostris  BLACK-BILLED CAPERCAILLIE.  Coniferous forest, esp. larch.  E Siberia n to limits of the taiga from lower Yenisei R. e to upper Anadyrland, Sakhalin and Kamchatka s to n Mongolia and  Manchuria.
Bonasa bonasia  HAZEL GROUSE.  Forest.  Lowlands to 1500 m from Scandinavia, Germany, Belgium and France e through n,c Russia and n,c Siberia to the Sea of Okhotsk, s to the Balkans, s Urals, Altai, n Mongolia, n Manchuria, Korea, Sakhalin and n Japan on Hokkaido.
Bonasa sewerzowi  CHINESE GROUSE.  Coniferous and mixed forest.  Mts., mostly 1000-4000 m in c China from s Tsinghai and c Kansu s to Szechwan.
Bonasa umbellus  RUFFED GROUSE.  Deciduous and mixed forest.  Lowlands to 1500 m from c Alaska, n Yukon, sw Mackenzie and c Saskatchewan e across s Canada to s Labrador and Nova Scotia, s to nw Calif., ne Oregon, c,e Idaho, c Utah, nw Colorado, c Wyoming, w S. Dakota, e Kansas (formerly), c Arkansas, w Tennessee, ne Alabama, n Georgia, w S. Carolina and ne Virginia.  Introduced  Nevada, Iowa, Newfoundland.
Centrocercus urophasianus  SAGE GROUSE.  Sage grasslands and semi-desert.  From c Washington, s Idaho, se Alberta, sw Saskatchewan, sw N. Dakota and w S. Dakota s to e Calif., sc Nevada, s Utah, w Colorado and n New Mexico; formerly n to British Columbia and se to nw Oklahoma.
Tympanuchus phasianellus  SHARP-TAILED GROUSE.  Grassland, arid sagebrush, scrub forest, oak savanna.  Locally to 2900 m from c Alaska, c Yukon, nw Mackenzie, n Saskatchewan, n Manitoba, n Ontario and wc Quebec s to e Washington, e Oregon, c Utah, c Colorado, ne New Mexico, c Nebraska, e S. Dakota, e N. Dakota, c Minnesota, c Wisconsin, n Michigan and s Ontario; formerly ranged south in the Great Plains, probably to n Texas.  Often hybridizes with T. cupido but they often overlap without interbreeding.
Tympanuchus cupido  GREATER PRAIRIE-CHICKEN.  Prairie, forest edge, sandy grassland.  Locally and in reduced numbers to 1500 m from e N. Dakota, nw,c Minnesota, n Wisconsin and n Michigan s to ne Colorado, Kansas (exc. sw), s,ne Oklahoma, c Missouri and s Illinois; coastal plains of se Texas.  Formerly ranged widely from s Canada e to New England, incl. Martha's Vineyard I. off se Massachusetts, and s to e Texas, sw Louisiana and ce U.S.  Hybrids with phasianellus, see above.
Tympanuchus pallidicinctus  LESSER PRAIRIE-CHICKEN.  Arid grasslands with shrubs and small trees.  From se Colorado, sc Kansas and w Oklahoma s to e New Mexico and nw Texas (Panhandle).  Formerly n to se Nebraska.  May be conspecific with cupido.
Meleagris gallopavo  WILD TURKEY.  Deciduous and mixed forest, open woods, savanna.  Locally in lowlands and mts. to 2100 m from c Arizona, c Colorado, n Kansas, e Nebraska, se S. Dakota, n Iowa, s,e Wisconsin, c Michigan, s Ontario, s Quebec (probably), n New York and c New England s to c Mexico in Guerrero and Veracruz; s Texas, Gulf coast and Florida.  Introduced  New Zealand, Hawaiian Is., and in w Europe, but mostly extirpated.  Re-introduced  to many parts of the U.S. where it had been extirpated, and many areas where it did not occur naturally in the past, as in California.
Agriocharis ocellata  OCELLATED TURKEY.  Forest edge, tall second growth.  Lowlands of se Mexico in Tabasco and the Yucatán Peninsula, n Guatemala in Petén and adj. n Belize.

Family NUMIDIDAE

Agelastes meleagrides  WHITE-BREASTED GUINEAFOWL.  Humid forest.  Lowlands in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast and Ghana.
Agelastes niger  BLACK GUINEAFOWL.  Humid forest.  Lowlands from Nigeria, w,s Cameroon e to C. Afr. Rep., n,ne Zaire, and s to Gabon and Congo Rep.
Numida meleagris  HELMETED GUINEAFOWL.  Open country in virtually all habitats except desert and forest.
The following three subspecies groups are sometimes considered allospecies; they are in contact in various places and varying degrees of intergradation exist between them.  N.m. reichenowi of Kenya and Tanzania, a member of the mitrata group, occasionally has been recognized as a species.
This species occurs in all African countries, exc. Djibouti.
Introduced on the Gulf of Guinea Is., Comores, Madagascar, the Mascarene Is., West Indies and many other islands, worldwide.
*
N. m. galeata  WEST AFRICAN GUINEAFOWL.  W Morocco; from Senegambia e to Cameroon and s to nw Angola and w,sw Zaire.
 N. m. meleagris  HELMETED GUINEAFOWL.  Ne Africa from Lake Chad e to Ethiopia, nw,s Somalia and s to ne Zaire, n Uganda and n Kenya; extreme s Arabia.
 N. m. mitrata  TUFTED GUINEAFOWL.  From Angola, cs,se,ce Zaire, s Uganda and c,s Kenya and Tanzania s to S. Africa, exc. sw deserts.  Includes reichenowi.
*
Guttera plumifera  PLUMED GUINEAFOWL.  Humid forest.  From Cameroon e through C. African Rep. to n,ne Zaire and s to Gabon, Congo Rep., Cabinda and ce Zaire.
Guttera pucherani  CRESTED GUINEAFOWL.  Humid forest, edge.  The two subspecies groups were formerly treated as separate species.
*
G. p. edouardi.  Guinea-Bissau, s Mali, se Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, s Cameroon, s Congo Rep., C. Afr. Rep., s Sudan, Uganda, w Kenya and n,c Tanzania, Malawi, s to Zaire, Angola, Zambia, n,e Zimbabwe, Mozambique and ne S. Africa in e Transvaal and Natal.
G. p. pucherani.  Arid acacia scrub.  From s Ethiopia and s Somalia s through c,e Kenya to ne Tanzania.
*
Acryllium vulturinum  VULTURINE GUINEAFOWL.  Arid acacia scrub.  From s,e Ethiopia and Somalia s to ne Uganda, Kenya and ne Tanzania.

Family ODONTOPHORIDAE

Dendrortyx barbatus  BEARDED WOOD-PARTRIDGE.  Humid forest.  Mts., 700-1675 m of ne Mexico in  e San Luis Potosí, e Hidalgo, e Puebla and Veracruz.
Dendrortyx macroura  LONG-TAILED WOOD-PARTRIDGE.  Humid pine-oak forest, dense undergrowth.  Mts., 1750-3250 m in Jalisco, Michoacán, México, Distrito Federal, Morelos, Guerrero, Puebla, Veracruz and Oaxaca.
Dendrortyx leucophrys  BUFFY-CROWNED WOOD-PARTRIDGE.  Open humid forest, edge, dense undergrowth.  Mts., 300-2900 m in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, nc Nicaragua and Costa Rica in the c highlands and Dota Mts.
Oreortyx pictus  MOUNTAIN QUAIL.  Brushy montane forest, edge, adj. chaparral.  Mostly in mts. to 3000 m from sw British Columbia incl. Vancouver I. where possibly introduced, w,s Washington and c Idaho s through mts. of Calif. and n,w Nevada to n Baja Calif.
Callipepla squamata  SCALED QUAIL.  Desert grasslands, thorn scrub.  Lowlands and mts. to 2450 m from sc Arizona, n New Mexico, ec Colorado and sw Kansas s through w Oklahoma, w,c Texas and int. Mexico to ne Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro and w Tamaulipas.  Introduced  Hawiian Is., c Washington, e Nevada and Nebraska, with little or no success.  Has hybridized with californica.
Callipepla douglasii  ELEGANT QUAIL.  Thorn forest, scrub thickets.  Lowlands to 1500 m from n Sonora and sw Chihuahua s through Sinaloa, nw Durango and Nayarit to nw Jalisco.
Callipepla californica  CALIFORNIA QUAIL.  Grassland, oak woodland, semi-desert scrub, chaparral, sagebrush.  Lowlands to 1800 m from s British Columbia, Vancouver I., Washington and w Idaho, s through most of Oregon, Calif. incl. Santa Catalina I., and Utah to s Baja Calif.  Populations n of s Oregon were probably introduced.  Introduced  in King I. (Australia), New Zealand, Hawaiian Is., Santa Crus and Santa Rosa is. off Calif.  Unsuccessful Introduced  in Europe.
Callipepla gambelii  GAMBEL'S QUAIL.  Desert, throrn scrub.  Lowlands to at least 1800 m from ec Calif., s Nevada, s Utah, w Colorado, and nw New Mexico s to ne Baja Calif., Sonora incl. Tiburón I., coastal Sinaloa, n Chihuahua and w Texas in the Rio Grande Valley.  Introduced  Hawaiian Is., San Clemente I. off s Calif., and nc Idaho.
Philortyx fasciatus  BANDED QUAIL.  Open thorn forest, thickets, weedy fields.  Lowlands to 1500 m in sw Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán, Guerrero, México, Morelos and Puebla.
Colinus virginianus  NORTHERN BOBWHITE.  Brushy fields, grassland, farms, thickets.  Lowlands to 1500 m from se Wyoming , c S. Dakota, s Minnesota, s Wisconsin, c Michigan, s Ontario, s New York and c New England s to e Colorado, e New Mexico, wc,s,e Texas, Gulf coast and Florida; w to e Coahuila, w San Luis Potosí, e Sonora, se Nayarit, e Jalisco, Guanajuato, México, Puebla and Oaxaca; and Pacific lowlands in Oaxaca and Chiapas; e to Tabasco, e Chiapas and extreme nw Guatemala.  Cuba, incl. Isle of Pines.  Introduced  widely in w N. America, Bahamas, W. Indies, New Zealand and unsuccessfully in Hawaiian Is. and Europe.  All species of Colinus are closely related and may intergrade or hybridize where ranges are in contact, but many contact zones are poorly known.  Some races of C. virginianus, e.g., ridgwayi, are distinctive and formerly were treated as species.
Colinus nigrogularis  BLACK-THROATED BOBWHITE.  Pine savanna, forest edge, woods, weedy fields.  Locally in lowlands in the Yucatán Peninsula, n Guatemala in Petén, Belize, and pine savanna in e Honduras and ne Nicaragua.
Colinus cristatus  CRESTED BOBWHITE.  Savannas, thickets, grassland, forest edge, pastures.
*
C. c. leucopogon.  Lowlands to 1500 m in w Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and nw,c Costa Rica.  May be a separate species.
 C. c. cristatus.  Lowlands in sw Costa Rica and w Panama; lowlands and mts. to 3100 m in Colombia, Venezuela incl. Aruba, Curaçao and Margarita I., Guianas and extreme n Brazil.
*
Odontophorus gujanensis  MARBLED WOOD-QUAIL.  Forest, second growth.  Lowlands to 1200 m in s,sw Costa Rica, Panama, and from n,e Colombia, Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador and c,e Peru to c,e Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil.
Odontophorus capueira  SPOT-WINGED WOOD-QUAIL.  Forest.  Lowlands and foothills in ne Brazil, e Paraguay and n Argentina in Misiones.
Odontophorus melanotis  BLACK-EARED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Caribbean lowlands to at least 1600 m in n,e Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama on both slopes.  Has been included in O. erythrops.
Odontophorus erythrops  RUFOUS-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Lowlands to 1100 m in w Colombia from the Pacific lowlands e to lower Cauca and Magdalena valleys, s to Caldas and s Bolívar and w Ecuador s to Loja.
Odontophorus atrifrons  BLACK-FRONTED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Mts., 1200-2800 m in n Colombia and adjacent nw Venezuela.
Odontophorus hyperythrus  CHESTNUT WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Andes, 1600-2700 m, of Colombia in the w,c Andes s to Cauca and Huila.
Odontophorus melanonotus  DARK-BACKED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Andes, 1200-1500 m in sw Colombia and nw Ecuador.
Odontophorus speciosus  RUFOUS-BREASTED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Andes, 900-1650 m, of e Ecuador, e Peru and c Bolivia.
Odontophorus dialeucos  TACARCUNA WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Mts., 1200-1500 m of extreme e Panama and adjacent nw Colombia.
Odontophorus strophium  GORGETED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Andes, 1500-1800 m of c Colombia on the w slope of the eastern Andes in Santander and Cundinamarca.
Odontophorus columbianus  VENEZUELAN WOOD-QUAIL.   Humid forest.  Mts., 1300-2400 m of w,n Venezuela in sw Tachira and the coastal cordillera from Carabobo e to w Miranda.
Odontophorus leucolaemus  BLACK-BREASTED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Highlands, 700-1850 m in Costa Rica and w Panama e to Coclé, mostly on the Caribbean drainage.
Odontophorus balliviani  STRIPE-FACED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Andes, 2600-3400 m in se Peru (Cuzco) and wc Bolivia in La Paz and Cochabamba.
Odontophorus stellatus  STARRED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Lowlands e of the Andes in e Ecuador, e Peru, n Bolivia in Pando, and w Amazonian Brazil s of the Amazon and e to Rio Madeira.
Odontophorus guttatus  SPOTTED WOOD-QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Gulf-Caribbean lowlands in Veracruz, n Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas, Campeche, Quintana Roo, n Guatemala in Petén, Belize; highlands, 300-2200 m in c Guatemala, Honduras, nc Nicaragua, Costa Rica and extreme w Panama in w Chiriquí.
Dactylortyx thoracicus  SINGING QUAIL.  Humid forest, pine-oak.  Locally in lowlands and mts. to 3000 m in sw Tamaulipas, se San Luis Potosí, ne Puebla, c Veracruz, w Jalisco, probably in Colima, c Guerrero, Yucatán Peninsula, and from extreme e Oaxaca and Chiapas s through the mts. of El Salvador to Honduras.
Cyrtonyx montezumae  MONTEZUMA QUAIL.  Pine-oak forest, oak scrub, desert edge.  Locally in mts, mostly 1050-3000 m from c,se Arizona, s New Mexico mostly in sw mts., w Texas w of the Pecos R., n Coahuila, n Sonora, c Nuevo León and c Tamaulipas s to Jalisco, n Michoacán, Distrito Federal, Puebla and c Veracruz; Pacific slope from c Michoacán s to Oaxaca.
Cyrtonyx ocellatus  OCELLATED QUAIL.  Open pine-oak forest.  Mts. to 3000 m in e Oaxaca in the Sierra Madre de Chiapas, Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and nc Nicaragua.
Rhynchortyx cinctus  TAWNY-FACED QUAIL.  Humid forest.  Lowlands to 1000 m on the Caribbean slope of n,e Honduras w to Sula Valley, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, Panama (both slopes), w Colombia and nw Ecuador in Esmeraldas.


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© Picchio Verde by Alberto Masi