Sibley's
           Order TROCHILIFORMES
            Family Trochilidae
              Subfamily Phaethornithinae
              Subfamily Trochilinae

Order TROCHILIFORMES
 Family TROCHILIDAE
Subfamily PHAETHORNITHINAE

Glaucis aenea  BRONZY HERMIT.  Forest edge, undergrowth, thickets, dense second growth, woodland, mangroves.  Lowlands in Nicaragua, Costa Rica and w Panama; Pacific lowlands to 800 m in w Colombia and nw Ecuador.
Glaucis hirsuta  RUFOUS-BREASTED HERMIT.  Forest edge, undergrowth, thickets, second growth, woodland.  Lowlands to 1000 m in s Lesser Antilles; from c,e Panama, nw,n,e Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s, e of Andes, through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and Brazil.
Threnetes niger  SOOTY BARBTHROAT.  Forest.  Lowlands in French Guiana and extreme ne Brazil.
Threnetes ruckeri  BAND-TAILED BARBTHROAT   Humid forest undergrowth, edge, woodland, second growth, especially near water.  Lowlands to 1050 m on Caribbean slope of Belize, e Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua, both slopes of Costa Rica and Panama, w,n Colombia, w Ecuador and w Venezuela.

Threnetes leucurus  PALE-TAILED BARBTHROAT.  Forest, edge, second growth, woodland, usually near water.  Lowlands to 1000 m e of Andes from se Colombia, s Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n Bolivia and n Brazil.
Phaethornis yaruqui  WHITE-WHISKERED HERMIT.  Forest.  Pacific lowlands to 1000 m in w Colombia and w Ecuador.
Phaethornis guy  GREEN HERMIT.  Humid forest, edge, second growth.  Lowlands and foothills to 2000 m in Costa Rica, Panama, and from Colombia, w,ne Venezuela and Trinidad s, e of Andes, through e Ecuador to se Peru.
Phaethornis syrmatophorus  TAWNY-BELLIED HERMIT.  Forest.  Foothills and mts., 800-2400 m, in w,n,c Colombia, w,e Ecuador and n Peru.
Phaethornis superciliosus  LONG-TAILED HERMIT.  Forest, undergrowth, edge, second growth.  The following subspecies are distinctive and may be separate species.

 P. s. griseoventer.  Lowlands to 1800 m on Pacific slope from wc Nayarit s to Jalisco and Colima.
 P. s. mexicanus.  Wc Mexico in Guerrero and w Oaxaca.
 P. s. longirostris.  Gulf-Caribbean slope from Veracruz s to Nicaragua, both slopes of Costa Rica and Panama, and in n Colombia and nw Venezuela.
 P. s. superciliosus.  W of Andes in w Ecuador and nw Peru and e of Andes from se Colombia and s Venezuela s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil.

Phaethornis malaris  GREAT-BILLED HERMIT.  Forest, edge, second growth.  Lowlands in French Guiana and adjacent ne Brazil; lowlands of e Brazil.
Phaethornis eurynome  SCALE-THROATED HERMIT.  Forest.  Lowlands in se Brazil, e Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Phaethornis hispidus  WHITE-BEARDED HERMIT.  Riverine forest, second growth, thickets.  Lowlands to 1000 m e of Andes from e Colombia and sw,s Venezuela s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and sw,c Brazil.
Phaethornis anthophilus  PALE-BELLIED HERMIT.  Forest edge, thickets, woodland, forest undergrowth.  Lowlands to 1500 m in e Panama, n Colombia and n Venezuela.
Phaethornis bourcieri  STRAIGHT-BILLED HERMIT.  Forest, edge, undergrowth.  Lowlands to 1600 m e of Andes from se Colombia, s Venezuela and Amazonian Brazil.

Phaethornis koepckeae  KOEPCKE'S HERMIT.  Humid forest, undergrowth.  Foothills, 250-1150, of e Peru.
Phaethornis philippii  NEEDLE-BILLED HERMIT.  Forest, undergrowth.  Lowlands in e Peru, n Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil.
Phaethornis squalidus  DUSKY-THROATED HERMIT.  Forest, edge, undergrowth, second growth.  Lowlands to 500 m e of Andes in e Colombia, s Venezuela, Guyana and Amazonian Brazil; coastal se Brazil.
Phaethornis augusti  SOOTY-CAPPED HERMIT.  Forest edge, second growth, thickets, woodland.  Lowlands and mts. to 2500 m in e Colombia, n,s Venezuela and w Guyana.
Phaethornis pretrei  PLANALTO HERMIT.  Forest edge, savanna, towns.  In e,se Bolivia, extreme nw Argentina, eastern Paraguay and c,e Brazil.

Phaethornis subochraceus  BUFF-BELLIED HERMIT.  Forest, undergrowth.  Lowlands in n,e Bolivia and sw Brazil.
Phaethornis nattereri  CINNAMON-THROATED HERMIT.  Forest edge, undergrowth.  Locally in e Bolivia and c,e Brazil.
Phaethornis gounellei  BROAD-TIPPED HERMIT.  Forest edge, undergrowth.  Locally in lowlands of e Brazil.
Phaethornis ruber  REDDISH HERMIT.  Forest edge, undergrowth, second growth.  Lowlands to 1100 m e of Andes from e Colombia, s Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n Bolivia and Brazil.
Phaethornis stuarti  WHITE-BROWED HERMIT.  Forest edge, undergrowth.  Lowlands to 900 m in sc,se Peru and n,e Bolivia.

Phaethornis griseogularis  GREY-CHINNED HERMIT.  Forest edge, thickets, second growth.  Lowlands to 1800 m from sw,e Colombia and w,s Venezuela s, e of Andes, through e Ecuador to n Peru and nw Brazil; w slope of W. Andes in nw Peru.
Phaethornis longuemareus  LITTLE HERMIT.  Forest undergrowth, edge, second growth, woodland.

The three following subspecies may be separate species.

 P. l. adolphi.  Lowlands to 1300 m on Gulf-Caribbean slope from Veracruz, n Oaxaca, Tabasco, Chiapas, Campeche and Quintana Roo s to Honduras, both slopes of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and on Pacific slope of Colombia and w Ecuador.
 P. l. striigularis.  Lowlands to 1300 m of n,c Colombia from Santa Marta Mts. s to Tolima.
 P. l. longuemareus.  E of the Andes from e Colombia n to Meta, Venezuela (locally) and Guianas s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and e of Andes through e Ecuador to e Peru and w Amazonian Brazil from upper Rio Negro e to Rio Tapajós.

Phaethornis idaliae  MINUTE HERMIT.  Forest edge, scrub, savanna.  Lowlands to 250 m of se Brazil.
Eutoxeres aquila  WHITE-TIPPED SICKLEBILL.  Humid forest undergrowth, edge, thickets.  Lowlands to 2100 m from c Costa Rica, Panama and w,n,se Colombia s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and e of Andes through e Ecuador to n Peru.
Eutoxeres condamini  BUFF-TAILED SICKLEBILL.  Forest.  Lowlands to 700 m e of Andes in se Colombia, e Ecuador, e,se Peru and wc Bolivia.

Subfamily TROCHILINAE

Androdon aequatorialis  TOOTH-BILLED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland.  Lowlands to 1050 m in e Panama, w,n Colombia and w Ecuador.
 The two species of Ramphodon are not true "hermits", although R. dohrnii has been placed in Glaucis in the past.
Ramphodon naevius  SAW-BILLED HERMIT.  Forest.  Lowlands to 900 m of se Brazil.
Ramphodon dohrnii  HOOK-BILLED HERMIT.  Forest.  Lowlands of coastal se Brazil.
Doryfera johannae  BLUE-FRONTED LANCEBILL.  Humid forest, edge, scrub, savanna, especially near streams.  Lowlands to 1800 m e of Andes from e Colombia, s Venezuela, Guyana and extreme n Brazil s through e Ecuador to se Peru.

Doryfera ludovicae  GREEN-FRONTED LANCEBILL.  Humid forest, edge.  Highlands, 900-2200 m, from c Costa Rica, w,e Panama, Colombia and w Venezuela.
Phaeochroa cuvierii  SCALY-BREASTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Woodland undergrowth, forest edge, scrub, thickets, towns.  Lowlands of Caribbean slope from n Chiapas and Belize s to ne, c,s Costa Rica, Panama and coastal n Colombia.
The ne race roberti has been treated as a separate species.
Campylopterus curvipennis  WEDGE-TAILED SABREWING.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland.  Gulf lowlands from s San Luis Potosí and sw Tamaulipas s through Veracruz, ne Puebla, n Oaxaca and Tabasco to ne Chiapas; Gulf-Caribbean lowlands in se Mexico, e,c Guatemala and Belize; e Honduras.
The race pampa has been treated as a separate species, but apparently intergrades with curvipennis.

Campylopterus excellens  LONG-TAILED SABREWING.  Humid forest, edge, scrub, fields, woodland.  Foothills of se Veracruz.
Formerly treated as a race of C. curvipennis.
Campylopterus largipennis  GREY-BREASTED SABREWING.  Forest, edge, second growth, thickets, scrub, woodland.  Lowlands to 1700 m e of Andes from se Colombia, s Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and Amazonian, ec Brazil.
Campylopterus rufus  RUFOUS SABREWING.  Humid forest, edge, scrub, fields, woodland.  Mts. in e Oaxaca, Chiapas, c Guatemala and El Salvador.
Campylopterus hyperythrus  RUFOUS-BREASTED SABREWING.  Humid scrub, forest edge.  Pantepui, 1300-2600 m, in s Venezuela and adjacent nw Brazil.

Campylopterus duidae  BUFF-BREASTED SABREWING.  Open forest, edge, brush.  Pantepui, 1200-2050 m, in s Venezuela and adjacent nw Brazil.
Campylopterus hemileucurus  VIOLET SABREWING.  Humid forest, edge, fields.  Highlands from Guerrero, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco and Chiapas s to w Panama.
Campylopterus ensipennis  WHITE-TAILED SABREWING.  Humid forest.  Mts., 700-2000 m, of ne Venezuela.
Campylopterus falcatus  LAZULINE SABREWING.  Humid forest, scrub, woodland, towns.  Mts., 900-3000 m, in n,e Colombia, w,nc Venezuela and e Ecuador.
Campylopterus phainopeplus  SANTA MARTA SABREWING.  Forest, edge, scrub.  Santa Marta Mts., 1200-4500 m, of ne Colombia.

Campylopterus villaviscensio  NAPO SABREWING.  Stunted forest, second-growth woodland.  E slope of Andes, 750-1700 m, in Ecuador and ne Peru.
Eupetomena macroura  SWALLOW-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Savanna, scrub.  Lowlands to 1200 m e of Andes from Guianas s through Amazonian,n,e Brazil, se Peru, n Bolivia and Paraguay.
Florisuga mellivora  WHITE-NECKED JACOBIN.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, woodland.  Lowlands to 1600 m on Gulf-Caribbean slope from Veracruz, n Oaxaca and Chiapas s to Honduras, both slopes of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago and Guianas s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and e of Andes through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil.
Melanotrochilus fuscus  BLACK JACOBIN.  Forest, edge, towns.  Lowlands to 1200 m in e Brazil, ne Argentina and Uruguay.

Colibri delphinae  BROWN VIOLET-EAR.  Forest edge, second growth, woodland.  Locally in lowlands and highlands to 2800 m from Belize and e Guatemala s to Panama, and from sw,c,ne,se Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and e of Andes through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and n,e Brazil.
Colibri thalassinus  GREEN VIOLET-EAR.  Forest edge, brush, pine-oak woodland, humid forest.  Highlands from Jalisco, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí and Veracruz s to Honduras and nw Nicaragua; foothills and mts., 600-3000 m, from Costa Rica, w Panama, Colombia and w,n Venezuela s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and nw Peru, and e of Andes through e Ecuador and e Peru to c Bolivia and nw Argentina.  The southern populations are sometimes treated as a species, C. cyanotus.  Vagrant in the se U.S.
Colibri coruscans  SPARKLING VIOLET-EAR.  Humid forest, second growth, thickets, brush, woodland, towns.  Foothills and mts., 900-3600 m, from Colombia, n,s Venezuela and extreme n Brazil s through Ecuador and Peru to Bolivia and nw Argentina.

Colibri serrirostris  WHITE-VENTED VIOLET-EAR.  Scrub, savanna, grassland.  In c,se Bolivia, s Brazil and nw,ne Argentina.
Anthracothorax viridigula  GREEN-THROATED MANGO.  Open country with scattered trees, second growth, mangroves.  Coastal lowlands in e Venezuela, Trinidad, Guianas and ne Brazil.
Anthracothorax prevostii  GREEN-BREASTED MANGO.  Open country with scattered trees, woodland edge, farmlands, mangroves.  Lowlands to 1000 m from Oaxaca, San Luis Potosí and s Tamaulipas s along both slopes of Mexico, incl. Yucatán and larger offshore islands, s through C. America to Costa Rica; w,ne Colombia on the Gujira Pen. and middle Cauca Valley in Valle, and n Venezuela locally from Zulia e to e Sucre.  Has been reported as a vagrant in s Texas.

Anthracothorax veraguensis  VERAGUAS MANGO.  Pacific lowlands of w Panama from Chiriquí e to s Coclé and Caribbean slope of the Canal Zone.  Formerly a race of prevostii.
Anthracothorax nigricollis  BLACK-THROATED MANGO.  Humid forest edge, second growth, open woodland, towns.
The two following races sometimes are treated as separate species.
A. n. nigricollis.  Lowlands to 1750 m in Panama and from ne Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago and Guianas s, e of Andes, through e Ecuador, e Peru, n,e Bolivia and Brazil to Paraguay and ne Argentina.
A. n. iridescens.  Arid Pacific lowlands from w Colombia and w Ecuador to extreme nw Peru.  Formerly placed in prevostii.

Anthracothorax mango  JAMAICAN MANGO.  Open woodland, arid open scrub.  Jamaica.
Anthracothorax dominicus  ANTILLEAN MANGO.  Woodland, open second growth, towns.  In Hispaniola, c,w Puerto Rico and Virgin Is.
Anthracothorax viridis  GREEN MANGO.  Open woodland.  Puerto Rico.
Avocettula recurvirostris  FIERY-TAILED AWLBILL.  Forest.  Locally in lowlands e of Andes in se Venezuela, Guianas, e Ecuador and Amazonian Brazil.
Eulampis jugularis  PURPLE-THROATED CARIB.  Forest, edge, woodland.  Highlands and mts. of Lesser Antilles.
Eulampis holosericeus  GREEN-THROATED CARIB.  Open woodland, second growth, forest edge.  In Puerto Rico, Virgin Is. and Lesser Antilles; erroneously reported from Tobago.

Chrysolampis mosquitus  RUBY-TOPAZ HUMMINGBIRD.  Open forest, deciduous woodland, arid scrub, fields, second growth, savanna, mangroves.  Lowlands to 1750 m in Colombia, Venezuela, e Bolivia and ne,c,e Brazil.
Orthorhyncus cristatus  ANTILLEAN CRESTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, scrub, forest edge, around human habitation.  In Puerto Rico, Virgin Is. and Lesser Antilles.
Klais guimeti  VIOLET-HEADED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest edge, open woodland, second growth.  Lowlands of e Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama; lowlands to 1900 m e of Andes from se Colombia and w,n Venezuela s through e Ecuador to e Peru, extreme w Brazil and wc Bolivia.
Abeillia abeillei  EMERALD-CHINNED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge.  Highlands from Veracruz, se Oaxaca and Chiapas s through Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras to nc Nicaragua.

Stephanoxis lalandi  PLOVERCREST.  Scrub, savanna.  Highlands to 1900 m of se Brazil; in s Brazil, Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Lophornis ornatus  TUFTED COQUETTE.  Forest edge, thickets, savanna.  Lowlands to 950 m in s,ne Venezuela, Trinidad, Guianas and extreme n Brazil.
Lophornis gouldii  DOT-EARED COQUETTE.  Forest, edge, scrub, savanna.  Lowlands in c Brazil and e Bolivia.
Lophornis magnificus  FRILLED COQUETTE.  Forest, edge, scrub, towns.  Lowlands to 600 m of c,e Brazil.
Lophornis brachylopha   SHORT-CRESTED COQUETTE.  Evergreen subtropical forest.  Lowlands and foothills of sw Guerrero.

Lophornis delattrei  RUFOUS-CRESTED COQUETTE.  Humid forest edge, open woodland.  Lowlands and foothills to 2000 m in c Costa Rica, Panama, sc,e Colombia, e Peru and n,e Bolivia.
Lophornis stictolophus  SPANGLED COQUETTE.  Forest, edge, scrub, second growth, open woodland.  Lowlands and foothills to 1300 m of Andes in Colombia, w,nw Venezuela, e Ecuador and ne Peru.
Lophornis chalybeus  FESTIVE COQUETTE.  Humid forest, scrub.  Lowlands to 1000 m e of Andes from e Colombia and s Venezuela s through e Ecuador and e Peru to Amazonian Brazil and n Bolivia; se Brazil; recorded ne Argentina.
Lophornis pavoninus  PEACOCK COQUETTE.  Humid forest edge.  Pantepui, 500-2000 m in s Venezuela and Guyana.

Lophornis helenae  BLACK-CRESTED COQUETTE.  Humid forest edge, second growth, open woodland, scrub.  Gulf-Caribbean slope from Veracruz, n Oaxaca and Chiapas s to c Costa Rica.
Lophornis adorabilis  WHITE-CRESTED COQUETTE.  Forest edge, open woodland, second growth, scrub.  Lowlands and foothills in sw Costa Rica and w Panama.
Popelairia popelairii  WIRE-CRESTED THORNTAIL.  Thickets.  Lowlands to 1600 m e of Andes in e Colombia, e Ecuador, and e Peru s to Madre de Dios.
Popelairia langsdorffi  BLACK-BELLIED THORNTAIL.  Humid forest, second growth.  Lowlands to 500 m e of Andes from se Colombia and s Venezuela s through e Ecuador to e Peru, n Bolivia and w,se Amazonian Brazil.

Popelairia letitiae  COPPERY THORNTAIL.  Presumably forest.  Known only from two male specimens from "Bolivia".
Popelairia conversii  GREEN THORNTAIL.  Humid forest edge, open woodland, scrub.  Locally in lowlands to 1400 m in Costa Rica, Panama, w Colombia and w Ecuador.
Discosura longicauda  RACKET-TAILED COQUETTE.  Humid forest, scrub, savanna, usually along rivers.  Lowlands to 500 m e of Andes in s Venezuela, Guianas and n,e Brazil.
Chlorestes notatus  BLUE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE.  Riverine forest, second growth, savanna, pastures.  Lowlands to 1000 m e of Andes from e Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad, Tobago and Guianas s through e Ecuador to e Peru and Amazonian,e Brazil.

Chlorostilbon canivetii  FORK-TAILED EMERALD.  Open woodland, fields, scrub, towns.  The two following subspecies may be separate species.

C. c. canivetii.  Gulf-Caribbean slope from s Tamaulipas, Yucatán Pen. and I. Holbox s to n Guatemala and Belize and Bay Is. off n Honduras.
C. c. salvini.  Both slopes from se Chiapas, w,e Guatemala and Honduras s to Nicaragua and nw Costa Rica.

C. auriceps  GOLDEN-CROWNED EMERALD.  Lowlands to 1800 m on the Pacific slope from Sinaloa s to Oaxaca, and inland to s Morelos.  Formerly included in canivetii.
C. forficatus  COZUMEL EMERALD.  Cozumel I. off Yucatán Pen. of e Mexico.  Formerly included in canivetii. .
Howell 1993. (Euphonia 2:25-27) proposed specific status for auriceps and forficatus.
Chlorostilbon assimilis  GARDEN EMERALD.  Forest edge, towns, woodland.  Pacific lowlands in sw Costa Rica and Panama.
Chlorostilbon mellisugus  BLUE-TAILED EMERALD.  Forest edge, second growth, savanna, towns, arid scrub, fields.  Lowlands and mts. to 2200 m from Colombia, Venezuela and Guianas s, w of Andes to w Ecuador and e of Andes through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and Amazonian Brazil.  Includes C. vitticeps.

Chlorostilbon aureoventris  GLITTERING-BELLIED EMERALD.  Scrub, savanna, grassland.  Lowlands and foothills to 2000 m in n,e,se Bolivia, Paraguay, cs Brazil, Uruguay and n Argentina; e Brazil.
Chlorostilbon ricordii  CUBAN EMERALD.  Open woodland, scrub.  Cuba and Bahamas.
*Chlorostilbon bracei  BRACE'S EMERALD.  Scrub.
Probably extinct; known only from subfossil bones and the unique type taken in 1877 on New Providence, in n Bahamas.
Chlorostilbon swainsonii  HISPANIOLAN EMERALD.  Open forest, edge, scrub.  Mts. of Hispaniola; erroneously recorded from Gonâve I.

Chlorostilbon maugaeus  PUERTO RICAN EMERALD.  Open forest, open woodland, mangroves.
Chlorostilbon gibsoni  RED-BILLED EMERALD.  Humid forest, edge, thorn thickets.  Lowlands and foothills to 2300 m in Colombia and w,n Venezuela.
Chlorostilbon russatus  COPPERY EMERALD.  Scrub, forest edge.  Foothills, 600-2600 m, in ne Colombia and extreme nw Venezuela.
Chlorostilbon stenura  NARROW-TAILED EMERALD.  Humid forest, low scrub.  Andes, 1000-3000 m, in e Colombia and w Venezuela.
Chlorostilbon alice  GREEN-TAILED EMERALD.  Humid forest edge, undergrowth, second growth, woodland.  Mts., 750-1800 m, of n Venezuela.
Includes Panychlora micans, a unique specimen usually regarded as a variant of C. alice, in spite
of its striking appearance.

Chlorostilbon poortmani  SHORT-TAILED EMERALD.  Humid forest, open woodland, second growth, forest edge, usually along streams.  Mts., 1000-2400 m, of c Colombia; mts., 800-2800 m in e Colombia and w Venezuela.
Cynanthus sordidus  DUSKY HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid scrub, second growth, woodland, towns.  Mts. from Michoacán, México and Hidalgo s to Oaxaca and Puebla.
Cynanthus latirostris  BROAD-BILLED HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid scrub, open deciduous forest, semi-desert, riparian woodland.  From w Sonora, se Arizona, sw New Mexico, n Chihuahua, extreme w Texas and Tamaulipas s to Michoacán, México and Morelos, and e to n Veracruz, Hidalgo and Puebla; in Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas.
The southern race, doubledayi, is sometimes treated as a separate species.

Cyanophaia bicolor  BLUE-HEADED HUMMINGBIRD.  Forest, open woodland, scrub.  Mts. of c Lesser Antilles in Dominica and Martinique.
Thalurania ridgwayi  MEXICAN WOODNYMPH.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, open woods. Lowlands in Nayarit, w Jalisco and Colima.
Thalurania colombica  BLUE-CROWNED WOODNYMPH or VIOLET-CROWNED WOODNYMPH.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, open woodland.
May be conspecific with furcata.

T. c. townsendi.  Lowlands of Caribbean slope from Guatemala and Belize s to Costa Rica and w,
c Panama e to Canal Zone and e Panamá Province.
T. c. colombica.  Lowlands to 1900 m in ne Colombia and w Venezuela.

Thalurania fannyi  GREEN-CROWNED WOODNYMPH.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, open woods.
May be conspecific with T. furcata.

T. f. fannyi.  Lowlands in e Panama in e Colón, Darién, e San Blas and nw Colombia.
T. f. hypochlora.  Lowlands on Pacific slope of sw Colombia and w Ecuador s to El Oro.  Sometimes treated as a race of T. furcata or as a separate species.

Thalurania furcata  FORK-TAILED WOODNYMPH.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, open scrub.  Lowlands mostly below 1200 m, e of Andes from se Colombia, c,e Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s through e Ecuador, e Peru and Amazonian,e Brazil to n,e Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Thalurania watertonii  LONG-TAILED WOODNYMPH.  Forest, scrub.  Coastal lowlands to 500 m of e Brazil.
Thalurania glaucopis  VIOLET-CAPPED WOODNYMPH.  Forest, scrub.  Lowlands to 1200 m in e,s Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and ne Argentina.

Eucephala smaragdocaerulea, known from a specimen from Bahia, Brazil is apparently a hybrid T. glaucopis x Chlorestes notatus.
Augasma cyaneoberyllina and A. smaragdinea of se Brazil, known from two specimens from "Bahia" and six males from Rio de Janeiro and "Bahia", respectively, are probably hybrids of unknown parentage.

Panterpe insignis  FIERY-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest edge, open scrub, meadows, second growth, open woodland.  Mts., 1000-3800 m, in Costa Rica and w Panama.
Damophila julie  VIOLET-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest edge, second growth, open woodland.  Lowlands to 1750 m in c,e Panama, n,c Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru; doubtfully recorded from Costa Rica.
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis  SAPPHIRE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub, mangroves, towns, brushy areas.  Coastal lowlands in Panama and n Colombia.
Lepidopyga lilliae  SAPPHIRE-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD.  Mangroves.  Coastal lowlands of cn Colombia.

Lepidopyga goudoti  SHINING-GREEN HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, arid scrub, second growth, deciduous forest.  Lowlands to 1600 m of n Colombia; in e Colombia and nw Venezuela.
Hylocharis xantusii  XANTUS'S HUMMINGBIRD.  Open forest, edge, brushy hillsides, second growth, arid scrub.  S Baja Calif. n to lat. 29°N., including islands in the Gulf of California n to I. San José.  Vagrant in s California and has nested there.
Hylocharis leucotis  WHITE-EARED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open forest, pine-oak, brushy hillsides, towns.  Highlands from s Arizona, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas s to Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and nc Nicaragua.
Hylocharis eliciae  BLUE-THROATED GOLDENTAIL.  Open woodland, forest edge, open scrub.  Lowlands and foothills from Veracruz, Chiapas and Guatemala s along aboth slopes of s Mexico and C. America to w Panama and extreme nw Colombia.

Hylocharis sapphirina  RUFOUS-THROATED SAPPHIRE.  Forest edge, second growth, scrub, thickets.  Lowlands to 1850 m e of Andes from e Colombia, s Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador, ne Peru and Amazonian,se Brazil to ne Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Hylocharis cyanus  WHITE-CHINNED SAPPHIRE.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, scrub, woodland, often near water.  Locally in lowlands to 1250 m e of Andes from ne,se Colombia, w,s Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,e Bolivia and Amazonian,se Brazil.
Hylocharis pyropygia  FLAME-RUMPED SAPPHIRE.  Presumably forest.  Known from five specimens from e Brazil; possibly a hybrid H. cyanus x Chlorostilbon aureoventris pucherani.  May be a good species.

Hylocharis chrysura  GILDED HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub, savanna.  In n,e,se Bolivia, Paraguay, sc Brazil, Uruguay and n Argentina.
Hylocharis grayi  BLUE-HEADED SAPPHIRE.  Open woodland, forest edge, scrub, mangroves.  Lowlands and foothills to 2000 m in extreme e Panama, w,c Colombia and nw Ecuador.
Chrysuronia oenone  GOLDEN-TAILED SAPPHIRE.  Forest, edge, second growth, woodland, towns.  Lowlands to 1600 m e of Andes from e Colombia, w,n Venezuela and Trinidad s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n Bolivia and extreme w Brazil.
Goldmania violiceps  VIOLET-CAPPED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest.  Highlands, 600-1400 m, in e Panama and extreme nw Colombia.
Goethalsia bella  RUFOUS-CHEEKED HUMMINGBIRD.  Forest.  Highlands, 600-1650 m, in extreme e Panama and adjacent nw Colombia.

Trochilus polytmus  STREAMERTAIL.  Open woodland, scrub.  Jamaica.  The red-billed and black-billed races sometimes are treated as separate species, but they intergrade where they are in contact.
Leucochloris albicollis  WHITE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Forest, scrub.  Lowlands and foothills to 2000 m in se Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and ne Argentina.
Polytmus guainumbi  WHITE-TAILED GOLDENTHROAT.  Savanna, grassland, scrub.  Lowlands to 1500 m e of Andes from e Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s through ne,e,se Brazil to extreme se Peru, Paraguay, ne Argentina and n,e Bolivia.
Polytmus milleri  TEPUI GOLDENTHROAT.  Humid forest edge, open scrub, bushes.  Pantepui, 1200-2200 m, of s Venezuela.

Polytmus theresiae  GREEN-TAILED GOLDENTHROAT.  Forest edge, savanna, second growth, scrub, grassland.  Lowlands to 500 m e of Andes in se Colombia, s Venezuela, Guianas and Amazonian Brazil; locally se Ecuador and e Peru.
Leucippus fallax  BUFFY HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid thorn scrub, semi-desert, mangroves.  Coastal lowlands to 800 m in ne Colombia and n Venezuela.
Leucippus baeri  TUMBES HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid scrub.  Coastal lowlands to 1300 m of w Peru.
Leucippus taczanowskii  SPOT-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid scrub.  Andes, 350-2450 m, of n Peru.
Leucippus chlorocercus  OLIVE-SPOTTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Riverine woodland.  Lowlands e of Andes in se Ecuador, ne Peru and extreme w Brazil.

Taphrospilus hypostictus  MANY-SPOTTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Woodland. Foothills e of Andes in e Ecuador, e Peru, c,se Bolivia, sw Brazil and nw Argentina.
Amazilia viridicauda  GREEN-AND-WHITE HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub.  Andes of c,s Peru.
Amazilia chionogaster  WHITE-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub, savanna.  Andes in e Peru, c,e,se Bolivia, sw Brazil and nw Argentina.
Amazilia candida  WHITE-BELLIED EMERALD.  Humid forest edge, open woodland, brush.  Gulf-Caribbean lowlands and foothills from San Luis Potosí, n Veracruz and Yucatán Pen. s to Honduras, both slopes of Nicaragua and Costa Rica; Pacific lowlands of Guatemala.

Amazilia chionopectus  WHITE-CHESTED EMERALD.  Forest, edge, second growth, scrub, savanna, usually along rivers.  Lowlands to 500 m in e Venezuela, Trinidad, Guianas and extreme n Brazil.
Amazilia versicolor  VERSICOLORED EMERALD.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, scrub, savanna.  Lowlands to 1700 m e of Andes from e Colombia and sc Venezuela s through Amazonian,se Brazil to n,e Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina; s Venezuela.
Amazilia luciae  HONDURAN EMERALD.  Arid scrub, thorn forest.  Caribbean lowlands of Honduras.
Amazilia fimbriata  GLITTERING-THROATED EMERALD.  Forest edge, open woodland, second growth, scrub, savanna, grassland, towns, thorn scrub.  Lowlands to 1300 m e of Andes from e Colombia, Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador to ne Peru, n Bolivia and Brazil.
A. cyaneotincta, known only from two trade skins, may be abberant individuals of A. fimbriata or hybrids of unknown origin.

Amazilia distans  TACHIRA EMERALD.  Humid forest.  Known only from a single specimen taken at 300 m in sw Venezuela.
Amazilia lactea  SAPPHIRE-SPANGLED EMERALD.  Forest edge, riverine forest, scrub, savanna.  S Venezuela; locally in lowlands to 1400 m in e,se Peru and n Bolivia; e Brazil.
Amazilia amabilis  BLUE-CHESTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest edge, second growth, open woodland.  Lowlands to 1400 m on Caribbean slope of Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, w,n Colombia and w Ecuador.
Amazilia decora  CHARMING HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland.  Pacific slope in sw Costa Rica and extreme w Panama.
Amazilia rosenbergi  PURPLE-CHESTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub.  Pacific coastal lowlands to 200 m in w Colombia and nw Ecuador.

Amazilia boucardi  MANGROVE HUMMINGBIRD.  Mangroves.  Pacific coastal lowlands of Costa Rica.
Amazilia franciae  ANDEAN EMERALD.  Open forest.  Andes, 1000-2000 m, in Colombia, w Ecuador and n Peru.
Amazilia leucogaster  PLAIN-BELLIED EMERALD.  Open forest, edge, second growth, mangroves, woodland, towns.  Lowlands to 500 m in e Venezuela, Guianas and e Brazil.
Amazilia cyanocephala  AZURE-CROWNED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, forest edge, pine-oak, pine savanna.  Highlands from s Tamaulipas s through Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas, s Quintana Roo, c,e Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador and Honduras to nc Nicaragua; lowland pine savanna in e Honduras and ne Nicaragua.

Amazilia cyanifrons  INDIGO-CAPPED HUMMINGBIRD.  Forest, edge, open woodland.  Costa Rica; lowlands and foothills, 400-2000 m, of n,e Colombia.  The unique specimen of A. c. alfaroana from Volcán de Miravalles, Costa Rica, may be mislabeled, a hybrid, or a separate species.
Amazilia beryllina  BERYLLINE HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, pine-oak, arid scrub, open forest.  From se Arizona (several nesting records), Sonora and s Chihuahua s through w Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador to c Honduras.  Hybridizes with A. cyanura.
Amazilia cyanura  BLUE-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, forest edge, scrub.  On Pacific slope from Chiapas to w Nicaragua; Caribbean slope of c Honduras.

Amazilia saucerrottei  STEELY-VENTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, forest edge, second growth.  In w,s Nicaragua and Costa Rica; lowlands and mts. to 3000 m in w,n Colombia and w Venezuela.
Amazilia tobaci  COPPER-RUMPED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, second growth, thorn scrub, savanna, towns.  Lowlands to 1800 m in Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago.
Amazilia viridigaster  GREEN-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland, second growth, scrub.  Lowlands to 1800 m e of Andes in e Colombia, w,s Venezuela, Guyana and extreme n Brazil.
Amazilia edward  SNOWY-BREASTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, towns.  In sw Costa Rica and w Panama; c,e Panama.

Amazilia rutila  CINNAMON HUMMINGBIRD.  Open deciduous forest, edge, second growth, scrub, woodland, towns, pine savanna.  Pacific slope from c Sinaloa s through w Mexico to c Costa Rica; Caribbean slope in Yucatán Pen., Belize, arid int. valleys of Guatemala and Honduras, and pine savanna of e Honduras and ne Nicaragua.  Two records as a vagrant in se Arizona and sw New Mexico.
Amazilia yucatanensis  BUFF-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, second growth, scrub, towns.  Gulf-Caribbean lowlands from Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and s Texas s through e Mexico to Yucatán Pen., n Guatemala, and n Honduras.
Amazilia tzacatl  RUFOUS-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest edge, open woodland, second growth, savanna, fields, towns.  Lowlands and foothills to 1800 m on Gulf-Caribbean slope from s Tamaulipas, Veracruz, n Oaxaca, Yucatán Pen. and Chiapas s to Nicaragua, both slopes of Costa Rica and Panama, w,n Colombia, w Venezuela and w Ecuador; nw Panama.

Amazilia castaneiventris  CHESTNUT-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD.  Presumably forest or woodland.  Known only from nc Colombia; possibly Ecuador.
Amazilia amazilia  AMAZILIA HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid scrub, open woodland, towns.  Pacific lowlands in w Ecuador and Peru; recorded (but probably erroneously) from extreme se Ecuador; records from e Peru are without foundation.
Amazilia viridifrons  GREEN-FRONTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, forest edge, arid scrub.

The two following races may be separate species.

A. v. viridifrons.  Pacific slope from c Guerrero s to w Oaxaca and w Chiapas.
A. v. wagneri.  S Oaxaca.

Amazilia violiceps  VIOLET-CROWNED HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub, open woodland, forest edge, riparian groves.  From n Sonora, s Arizona, sw New Mexico and w Chihuahua s to Hidalgo, Puebla, Oaxaca and Chiapas.
Eupherusa poliocerca  WHITE-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, forest edge.  Highlands in Guerrero and w Oaxaca.
Eupherusa eximia  STRIPE-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland.  Gulf-Caribbean slope from Puebla, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Chiapas s to nc Nicaragua; int. highlands of Costa Rica and w Panama.
Eupherusa cyanophrys  BLUE-CAPPED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, humid forest, edge.  Mts. in sc Oaxaca.

Eupherusa nigriventris  BLACK-BELLIED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge.  Mts. in Costa and w Panama.
Elvira chionura  WHITE-TAILED EMERALD.  Humid forest, edge.  Highlands in sw Costa Rica and w Panama.
Elvira cupreiceps  COPPERY-HEADED EMERALD.  Humid forest, edge.  Highlands of Costa Rica.
Microchera albocoronata  SNOWCAP.  Forest edge, undergrowth, open woodland, thickets.  Caribbean slope in e Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and w Panama.
Chalybura buffonii  WHITE-VENTED PLUMELETEER.  Open woodland, second growth, forest edge, swampy areas.  Lowlands to 1400 m in c,e Panama, w,n Colombia and w,n Venezuela; e slope of E. Andes of se Colombia; mts. in w Ecuador and nw Peru.

Chalybura urochrysia  BRONZE-TAILED PLUMELETEER.  Humid forest, undergrowth, edge, open woodland, second growth.  Lowlands in extreme e Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica; lowlands to 900 m in Panama, w Colombia and nw Ecuador.
Aphantochroa cirrochloris  SOMBRE HUMMINGBIRD.  Forest, scrub.  Lowlands to 800 m in e,c Brazil.
Lampornis clemenciae  BLUE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, second growth, shrubby areas, pine-oak woodland, towns.  Highlands from se Arizona, n Sonora, Chihuahua, w Texas and Coahuila s to Oaxaca and Chiapas.
Lampornis amethystinus  AMETHYST-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, oak woodland, brush.  Mts. from Nayarit, Jalisco, San Luis Potosí and s Tamaulipas s to Guatemala, El Salvador and c Honduras.
The blue-throated race, margaritae, may be a separate species.

Lampornis viridipallens  GREEN-THROATED MOUNTAIN-GEM.  Humid forest, pine-oak, scrub, brush.  Highlands in extreme e Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador and w Honduras.
Lampornis sybillae  GREEN-BREASTED MOUNTAIN-GEM.  Humid forest, edge, oak woodland, brush.  Highlands in e Honduras and nc Nicaragua.
Lampornis hemileucus  WHITE-BELLIED MOUNTAIN-GEM.  Humid forest, edge.
Highlands in Costa Rica and w Panama.
Lampornis castaneoventris  VARIABLE MOUNTAIN-GEM.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland, second growth.  Locally in highlands in w Nicaragua, Costa Rica and w Panama.

Lamprolaima rhami  GARNET-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, pine-oak woodland, brush.  Mts. from Guerrero, México and w Veracruz s through Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala and El Salvador to Honduras.
Adelomyia melanogenys  SPECKLED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, undergrowth, woodland.  Mts., 1000-2500 m, from Colombia and w,n Venezuela s through w,e Ecuador, Peru and c,e,se Bolivia to nw Argentina.
Anthocephala floriceps  BLOSSOMCROWN.  Forest, woodland.  Mts., 600-1700 m, of c,ne Colombia.
Phlogophilus hemileucurus  ECUADORIAN PIEDTAIL.  Humid forest.  Locally in Andean foothills, 400-1500 m, in sw Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru.
Phlogophilus harterti  PERUVIAN PIEDTAIL.  Forest.  Andean foothills, 900-1200 m, of c,se Peru.

Clytolaema rubricauda  BRAZILIAN RUBY.  Forest, scrub.  Se Brazil.
Heliodoxa imperatrix  EMPRESS BRILLIANT.  Forest.  Andean foothills, 400-1800 m, in sw Colombia and nw Ecuador.
Heliodoxa xanthogonys  VELVET-BROWED BRILLIANT.  Forest edge.  Pantepui, 700-2000 m, in s Venezuela and adjacent n Brazil.
Heliodoxa gularis  PINK-THROATED BRILLIANT.  Forest, edge.  Foothills to 900 m e of Andes in extreme se Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru.
Heliodoxa branickii  RUFOUS-WEBBED BRILLIANT.  Forest edge, woodland.  Andean foothills, 750-1300 m, of e Peru.

Heliodoxa schreibersii  BLACK-THROATED BRILLIANT.  Forest, scrub.  Lowlands to 1300 m e of Andes in se Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru and nw Amazonian Brazil.
Heliodoxa aurescens  GOULD'S JEWELFRONT.  Humid forest, edge.  Lowlands to 600 m e of Andes in se Colombia, s Venezuela, e Ecuador, e Peru, n Bolivia and w Amazonian Brazil.
Heliodoxa rubinoides  FAWN-BREASTED BRILLIANT.  Forest, edge, pastures, towns.  Andes, 1800-2600 m, in Colombia, w,e Ecuador and ne Peru.
Heliodoxa jacula  GREEN-CROWNED BRILLIANT.  Humid forest, edge.  Locally to 1500 m in mts. in Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and w Ecuador.

Heliodoxa leadbeateri  VIOLET-FRONTED BRILLIANT.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland, scrub, coffee.  Mts., 400-2400 m, from Colombia and w,n Venezuela s through e Ecuador and e Peru to wc Bolivia.
Eugenes fulgens  MAGNIFICENT HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, pastures, open woodland, pine-oak, scrub.  Mts. in w Colorado; from se Arizona, sw New Mexico and w Texas s through Mexican highlands, Guatemala, w El Salvador and Honduras to nc Nicaragua; mts. in c,e Costa Rica and w Panama.  The southern race, spectabilis, sometimes is treated as a separate species.
Hylonympha macrocerca  SCISSOR-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge.  Mts., 900-1200 m, of ne Venezuela.
Sternoclyta cyanopectus  VIOLET-CHESTED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, second growth, woodland.  Mts. to 1900 m of w,n Venezuela.

Topaza pyra  FIERY TOPAZ.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland, savanna edge, usually along streams.  Lowlands to 500 m e of Andes in se Colombia, s Venezuela, e Ecuador, extreme ne Peru and wc Amazonian Brazil.
Topaza pella  CRIMSON TOPAZ.  Humid forest, usually along streams.  Lowlands e of Andes in e Ecuador, s Venezuela, Guianas and ne Brazil.
Oreotrochilus chimborazo  ECUADORIAN HILLSTAR.  Rocky slopes.  Andes, 3500-5200 m, of nc Ecuador.  Sometimes treated as a race of O. estella.
Oreotrochilus estella  ANDEAN HILLSTAR.  Rocky slopes.  Andes of n Peru; sw S. America in s Peru, w Bolivia, n Chile and nw Argentina; c Bolivia.
Oreotrochilus leucopleurus  WHITE-SIDED HILLSTAR.  Rocky slopes.  Andes, 1000-3000 m, in se Bolivia, w Argentina and c Chile.

Oreotrochilus melanogaster  BLACK-BREASTED HILLSTAR.  Rocky slopes.  Andes, 3200-4500 m, of c Peru.
Oreotrochilus adela  WEDGE-TAILED HILLSTAR.  Rocky slopes.  Andes, 2550-4000 m, of c,s Bolivia.
Urochroa bougueri  WHITE-TAILED HILLSTAR.  Forest, edge, especially near streams.  Andes, 500-2500 m, in w,s Colombia, nw,e Ecuador and ne Peru.
Patagona gigas  GIANT HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub, brushy areas.  Andes, 1000-3500 m, from n Ecuador s through Peru and Bolivia to s Chile and nw Argentina.
Aglaeactis cupripennis  SHINING SUNBEAM.  Open slopes, brushy areas.  Andes, 2200-3650 m, in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Aglaeactis castelnaudii  WHITE-TUFTED SUNBEAM.  Scrub, open woodland.  Andes, 2500-3300 m, of c Peru.  Hybridizes with A. cupripennis in Cuzco, Peru.
Aglaeactis aliciae  PURPLE-BACKED SUNBEAM.  Open slopes.  Andes, 2000-3000 m, of n Peru.
Aglaeactis pamela  BLACK-HOODED SUNBEAM.  Rocky slopes.  Andes, 2250-4200 m, of wc Bolivia.
Lafresnaya lafresnayi  MOUNTAIN VELVETBREAST.  Humid forest edge, scrub, open fields, brush.  Mts., 1500-3700 m, in Colombia and nw Venezuela s through Andes of Ecuador and Peru.

Pterophanes cyanopterus  GREAT SAPPHIREWING.  Paramo, humid forest edge, open slopes.  Andes, 1600-3600 m, in Colombia, w,e Ecuador, e Peru and wc Bolivia.
Coeligena coeligena  BRONZY INCA.  Forest edge, bushes, woodland.  Mts., 950-3000 m, from Colombia and w,n Venezuela s through Andes of e Ecuador and Peru to c,se Bolivia.
Coeligena wilsoni  BROWN INCA.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 700-1900 m, in sw Colombia and w Ecuador.
Coeligena prunellei  BLACK INCA.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 1400-2600 m, of e Colombia.
Coeligena torquata  COLLARED INCA.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 1200-3100 m, from Colombia and w Venezuela s through Ecuador to se Peru; in se Peru and wc Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba).

Coeligena phalerata  WHITE-TAILED STARFRONTLET.  Forest, edge, open slopes.  Santa Marta Mts., 1400-3300 m, of ne Colombia.
Coeligena orina  DUSKY STARFRONTLET.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 3000-3300 m, of nw Colombia.  Bleiweiss (1988. Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 108:127-131) treats the unique type as a race (or immature) of C. bonapartei.
Coeligena bonapartei  GOLDEN-BELLIED STARFRONTLET.  Humid forest, open slopes.  Mts., 2150-3000 m, in ne Colombia and nw Venezuela; Andes, 1400-3200 m, of w Venezuela.

Coeligena helianthea  BLUE-THROATED STARFRONTLET.  Humid forest, edge, open scrub.  Mts., 1900-3300 m, in ne Colombia and w Venezuela.
Coeligena lutetiae  BUFF-WINGED STARFRONTLET.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 2600-3600 m, in c Colombia, Ecuador and nw Peru.
Coeligena violifer  VIOLET-THROATED STARFRONTLET.  Forest, paramo.  Andes, 1500-3600 m, in Peru and c Bolivia.
Coeligena iris  RAINBOW STARFRONTLET.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 1050-3200 m, in se Ecuador and n Peru.
Ensifera ensifera  SWORD-BILLED HUMMINGBIRD.  Shrubby slopes, forest edge.  Andes, 1700-3300 m, from Colombia and w Venezuela s through w,e Ecuador and w,e Peru to c Bolivia.

Sephanoides sephaniodes  GREEN-BACKED FIRECROWN.  Forest edge, scrub, towns.  In Chile and cw,s Argentina.
Sephanoides fernandensis  JUAN FERNANDEZ FIRECROWN.  Woodland, towns.  Juan Fernández Is., off c Chile.
Boissonneaua flavescens  BUFF-TAILED CORONET.  Humid forest, edge, shrubby slopes.  Andes, 850-3500 m, in Colombia, w Venezuela and w Ecuador.
Boissonneaua matthewsii  CHESTNUT-BREASTED CORONET.  Forest.  Andes, 1200-3000 m, in se Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.
Boissonneaua jardini  VELVET-PURPLE CORONET.  Forest, edge.  Pacific lowlands and W. Andes, 350-3000 m, in sw Colombia and nw Ecuador.

Heliangelus mavors  ORANGE-THROATED SUNANGEL.  Forest, open shrubby areas.  Andes, 1000-3000 m, in e Colombia and w Venezuela.
Heliangelus spencei  MERIDA SUNANGEL.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 2000-3600 m, of w Venezuela.
Heliangelus amethysticollis  AMETHYST-THROATED SUNANGEL.  Forest, edge, scrub.  Mts., 1800-3300 m, in ne Colombia and nw Venezuela; Andes in se Ecuador, e Peru, and wc Bolivia.

The names
H. squamigularis, rothschildi, Iolaema luminosa, Heliotrypha speciosa, H. barralli are regarded as hybrids, mostly H. amethysticollis x Eriocnemis cupreoventris.

Heliangelus strophianus  GORGETED SUNANGEL.  Forest, edge.  Mts., 1200-2800 m, in sw Colombia and extreme nw Ecuador.
Heliangelus exortis  TOURMALINE SUNANGEL.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 1500-3400 m, of Colombia, e,s Ecuador and nw Peru.
Heliangelus viola  PURPLE-THROATED SUNANGEL.  Forest, edge.  Andes in w Ecuador and n Peru.
Heliangelus zusii  BOGOTA SUNANGEL.  New species.  (Graves 1993.  Auk 110:4).
Based on a single specimen from "Bogotá" collected ca. 1909; probably from the cloud forest in the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes.  Possibly a hybrid but, if so, the parentage is not obvious.  Possibly extinct because of habitat destruction.

Heliangelus regalis  ROYAL SUNANGEL.  Mossy, stunted forest, tall humid forest.  Andes, 1000-2000 m, of n Peru.
Eriocnemis nigrivestis  BLACK-BREASTED PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 2400-4300 m, of n Ecuador.  Recorded on Volcán Pinchincha in 1992 (Bleiweiss, et al. 1993. Wilson Bull. 95:656-661).
Eriocnemis vestitus  GLOWING PUFFLEG.  Forest edge, open shrubby areas.  Andes, 2200-3900 m, in Colombia, w Venezuela, e Ecuador and nw Peru.
Eriocnemis godini  TURQUOISE-THROATED PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 2100-2300 m, in Colombia and nw Ecuador.

Eriocnemis luciani  SAPPHIRE-VENTED PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 2800-4800 m, in sw Colombia, w,e Ecuador and Peru.
Eriocnemis cupreoventris  COPPERY-BELLIED PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge, low shrubby slopes.  Andes, 1950-3000 m, in ne Colombia and w Venezuela.  See Heliangelus amethysticollis.
Eriocnemis mosquera  GOLDEN-BREASTED PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 1200-3600 m, in Colombia and n Ecuador.
Eriocnemis glaucopoides  BLUE-CAPPED PUFFLEG.  Shrubby areas.  Andes in c,se Bolivia and nw Argentina.

Eriocnemis mirabilis  COLORFUL PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Known only from sw Colombia.
Eriocnemis alinae  EMERALD-BELLIED PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 2300-2800 m, in Colombia, se Ecuador and n Peru.
Eriocnemis derbyi  BLACK-THIGHED PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 2500-3600 m, in c Colombia and n Ecuador.
Haplophaedia aureliae  GREENISH PUFFLEG.  Forest edge.  Mts. of e Panama; Andes, 900-3100 m, from Colombia s through Ecuador and Peru to wc Bolivia.
Haplophaedia lugens  HOARY PUFFLEG.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 1100-1400 m, in sw Colombia and nw Ecuador.

Urosticte benjamini  PURPLE-BIBBED WHITETIP.  Forest, edge, scrub.  Andes, 700-1500 m, in w Colombia and w Ecuador.
Urosticte ruficrissa  RUFOUS-VENTED WHITETIP.  Forest, edge, scrub.  Locally in Andes, 1600-2300, in s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru.  Sometimes treated as a subspecies of U. benjamini.
Ocreatus underwoodii  BOOTED RACKET-TAIL.  Forest, edge, woodland.  Mts., 850-3100 m, from Colombia and w Venezuela s through w,e Ecuador and Peru to c,se Bolivia.
Lesbia victoriae  BLACK-TAILED TRAINBEARER.  Grassy slopes, shrubby areas, bushy pastures, woodland.  Andes, 2600-4000 m, in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.

Lesbia nuna  GREEN-TAILED TRAINBEARER.  Humid forest, edge, grassy slopes, shrubby areas.  Andes, 2200-3000 m, in Colombia, w Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and cw Bolivia.
Sappho sparganura  RED-TAILED COMET.  Shrubby areas, arid montane scrub.  Andes, 1000-3500 m, in Bolivia, w Argentina, adjacent ce Chile, and possibly s Peru.
Polyonymus caroli  BRONZE-TAILED COMET.  Woodland, shrubbery.  Andes, 2400-3200 m, of Peru.
Ramphomicron microrhynchum  PURPLE-BACKED THORNBILL.  Forest, edge, bushy hillsides.  Andes, 1700-3400 m, in Colombia, w Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and c Bolivia.

Ramphomicron dorsale  BLACK-BACKED THORNBILL.  Open woodland, grassy slopes.  Santa Marta Mts., 2000-4500 m, of ne Colombia.
Metallura williami  VIRIDIAN METALTAIL.  Open slopes, scrub.  Paramo of Andes, 2600-4000 m, of nw Colombia; c Colombia; s Colombia and n Ecuador.
Metallura baroni  VIOLET-THROATED METALTAIL.  Open slopes, scrub.  Paramo of Andes, 3100-3900 m, of sw Ecuador.
Metallura odomae  NEBLINA METALTAIL.  Humid elfin forest edge, scrub.  Andes, 2850-3350 m, of n Peru.
Metallura theresiae  COPPERY METALTAIL.  Humid elfin forest edge, scrub.  Andes, 2600-3500 m, of n Peru.

Metallura eupogon  FIRE-THROATED METALTAIL.  Humid elfin forest edge, scrub.  Andes, 2100-3600 m, of c,sw Peru.
Metallura aeneocauda  SCALED METALTAIL.  Humid forest edge, scrub.  Andes, 1950-3800 m, in se Peru and cw Bolivia; c Bolivia.
Metallura phoebe  BLACK METALTAIL.  Barren slopes, woodland.  Andes, 200-3600 m, of Peru, possibly cw Bolivia.
Metallura tyrianthina  TYRIAN METALTAIL.  Forest, edge, open scrub.  Mts., 600-3800 m, from Colombia and w,n Venezuela s through Ecuador and Peru to c Bolivia.
Metallura iracunda  PERIJA METALTAIL.  Open scrub.  Mts., 1800-3100 m, in Sierra de Perijá of ne Colombia and nw Venezuela.

Chalcostigma ruficeps  RUFOUS-CAPPED THORNBILL.  Forest, edge.  Andes, 1900-2800 m, in sc Colombia, se Ecuador, e Peru and wc Bolivia.
Chalcostigma olivaceum  OLIVACEOUS THORNBILL.  Paramo, puna.  Andes, 3050-4500 m, in c Peru and cw Bolivia.
Chalcostigma stanleyi  BLUE-MANTLED THORNBILL.  Paramo, puna, timberline brush, Polylepis woodland.  Andes, 2000-4200 m, in Ecuador, Peru and wc Bolivia.
Chalcostigma heteropogon  BRONZE-TAILED THORNBILL.  Paramo, open scrub.  Andes, 2900-3500 m, in ne Colombia and w Venezuela.

Chalcostigma herrani  RAINBOW-BEARDED THORNBILL.  Shrubbery, rocky slopes.  Andes, 2700-3600 m, in sw,c Colombia, Ecuador and nw Peru.
Oxypogon guerinii  BEARDED HELMETCREST.  Bushy or grassy slopes.  Paramo of mts., 3000-5200 m, in c,e,ne Colombia and w Venezuela.
Opisthoprora euryptera  MOUNTAIN AVOCETBILL.  Dense humid forest, edge, bushy slopes.  Andes, 1700-3800 m, in c Colombia, e Ecuador and n Peru.
Taphrolesbia griseiventris  GREY-BELLIED COMET.  Forest edge, open slopes.  Andes, 2700-3200 m, of nw,nc Peru.

Aglaiocercus kingi  LONG-TAILED SYLPH.  Humid forest, scrub, woodland.  Mts., 900-3000 m, from Colombia and w,n Venezuela s through Andes of w,e Ecuador and e Peru to c Bolivia.

Includes A. emmae from c,e Andes of Colombia and w Venezuela, and A. berlepschi from ne Venezuela, both of which may be species distinct from kingi.  Relationships between blue-throated and green-throated and between long-tailed and short-tailed populations are not clear; in some areas they appear as color morphs, in others they are stable and allopatric.
Chalcostigma purpureicauda and its synonym, Zodalia thaumasta, known from single specimens from "Bogotá" and Ecuador, respectively, are apparently hybrids A. kingi x Lesbia victoriae.  Neolesbia nehrkorni, known from several specimens from Colombia is probably a hybrid A. kingi x Thalurania furcata or T. colombica.

Aglaiocercus coelestis  VIOLET-TAILED SYLPH.  Forest, scrub.  Andes, 300-2100 m, in Colombia and w,sw Ecuador.
Oreonympha nobilis  BEARDED MOUNTAINEER.  Arid slopes.  Andes, 2850-3800 m, of sc Peru.
Augastes lumachellus  HOODED VISORBEARER.  Open scrub, cerrado.  Highlands, 950-1600 m, of e Brazil.
Augastes scutatus  HYACINTH VISORBEARER.  Open scrub, cerrado.  Highlands, 1000-1600 m, of e Brazil.
Augastes geoffroyi  WEDGE-BILLED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, undergrowth.  Mts., 800-2500 m, from Colombia and w,nw Venezuela s through Andes of w,e Ecuador and e Peru to wc Bolivia.

Heliothryx barroti  PURPLE-CROWNED FAIRY.  Humid forest, edge, open woodland, shrubby areas.  Lowlands and foothills to 2100 m on Gulf-Caribbean slope of Tabasco, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and Nicaragua, both slopes of Costa Rica and Panama, and from w,n Colombia s to sw Ecuador.
Heliothryx aurita  BLACK-EARED FAIRY.  Humid forest, scrub, orchards, towns.  Lowlands to 1300 m e of Andes, s,ne Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador and e Peru to n Bolivia and Amazonian,n,c,e Brazil.
Heliactin cornuta  HORNED SUNGEM.  Open forest, woodland, scrub.  In extreme s Surinam; e Bolivia; c,e Brazil.
Loddigesia mirabilis  MARVELOUS SPATULETAIL.  Presumably forest.  Known only from Andes, 2450-2750 m, of n Peru.

Heliomaster constantii  PLAIN-CAPPED STARTHROAT.  Open woodland, deciduous forest, arid scrub.  Lowlands of Pacific slope from se Arizona (almost annually) and Sonora s to sw Costa Rica.
Heliomaster longirostris  LONG-BILLED STARTHROAT.  Open woodland, second growth, forest edge, shrubby areas.  Lowlands and foothills to 1500 m on both slopes from Oaxaca and Veracruz s to Panama, and from Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Guianas s, w of Andes to nw Peru and e of Andes through Ecuador and Peru to n,e Bolivia and Brazil.
Heliomaster squamosus  STRIPE-BREASTED STARTHROAT.  Forest, scrub, savanna, grassland.  Lowlands to 800 m of e Brazil.
Heliomaster furcifer  BLUE-TUFTED STARTHROAT.  Forest, scrub, savanna, grassland.  Lowlands e of Andes in c,se Bolivia, c,s Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and w,c Argentina.

Rhodopis vesper  OASIS HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid scrub, oases, near wells in arid country.  Lowlands and mts. to 3050 m in w Peru and n Chile.
Thaumastura cora  PERUVIAN SHEARTAIL.  Oases, near wells in arid country, semi-arid farmlands.  Lowlands and mts. to 2400 m in w Peru and n Chile.
Philodice bryantae  MAGENTA-THROATED WOODSTAR.  Forest edge, shrubby areas, pastures.  Highlands in Costa Rica and w Panama.
Philodice mitchellii  PURPLE-THROATED WOODSTAR.  Forest, pastures.  Lowlands and foothills to 1900 m in e Panama, w Colombia and w Ecuador.
Doricha enicura  SLENDER SHEARTAIL.  Brush, second growth, open woodland, forest edge.  Highlands in Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador and w Honduras.

Doricha eliza  MEXICAN SHEARTAIL.  Open woodland, arid scrub.  Lowlands in c Veracruz, and in coastal scrub of Yucatán Pen.
Tilmatura dupontii  SPARKLING-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, pine-oak, shrubby areas.  Highlands from Sinaloa, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacán, México, Distrito Federal, Morelos and w Veracruz s to nc Nicaragua.
Microstilbon burmeisteri  SLENDER-TAILED WOODSTAR.  Arid scrub.  Andean foothills, 400-2150 m, in c,se Bolivia and nw Argentina.
Calothorax lucifer  LUCIFER HUMMINGBIRD.  Scrub, semi-desert, brushy hillsides, arid brushy areas.  Highlands from extreme se Arizona, w Texas and Nuevo León s to Guanajuato, possibly Morelos and Puebla.

Calothorax pulcher  BEAUTIFUL HUMMINGBIRD.  Arid scrub, brushy areas.  Highlands from Guerrero, Distrito Federal, Morelos and Puebla s through Oaxaca to Chiapas.
Archilochus colubris  RUBY-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Woodland, second growth, towns, meadows.  From c Alberta, c Saskatchewan and s Manitoba e across s Canada to New Brunswick, Prince Edward I. and Nova Scotia, and s to s Texas, Gulf coast and s Florida.
Archilochus alexandri  BLACK-CHINNED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, scrub, desert washes, riparian woodland, chaparral, towns.  From sw British Columbia, Washington, c Idaho, nw Montana, and e Colorado s to n Baja Calif., n Sonora, nw Chihuahua, n Coahuila, c,s Texas and e New Mexico.
Calypte anna  ANNA'S HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, chaparral, scrubby areas, meadows, towns.  From w Washington s through w Oregon and Calif. to nw Baja Calif. and s Arizona.

Calypte costae  COSTA'S HUMMINGBIRD.  Desert bushes, coastal sage, arid brush, chaparral, farmlands, towns.  In c,s Calif., s Nevada and sw Utah s to s Baja Calif., Sonora, s Arizona and sw New Mexico.
Calliphlox evelynae  BAHAMA WOODSTAR.  Scrubby and open woodland, towns.  Bahama Is.  Vagrant in s Florida.
Calliphlox amethystina  AMETHYST WOODSTAR.  Open woodland, scrub, brushy areas, forest edge, savanna, grassland, towns.  Lowlands to 1500 m e of Andes from e Colombia, Venezuela and Guianas s through e Ecuador, e Peru, e Brazil and n Bolivia to Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Mellisuga helenae  BEE HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, shrubby areas, towns.  Cuba.

Mellisuga minima  VERVAIN HUMMINGBIRD.  Open woodland, scrub, shrubby areas, towns.  Greater Antilles in Jamaica and Hispaniola.
Stellula calliope  CALLIOPE HUMMINGBIRD.  Meadow edge, riparian willows, open humid coniferous forest, thickets.  Mts. from c int. British Columbia and sw Alberta s through Washington, Oregon, Nevada and Calif. to n Baja Calif., and e to n Wyoming, w Colorado and Utah.
Atthis heloisa  BUMBLEBEE HUMMINGBIRD.  Pine-oak, humid forest, edge, brushy areas.  Mts. from sw Chihuahua, se Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí, Nuevo León and s Tamaulipas s to Oaxaca and w Veracruz.
Atthis ellioti  WINE-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, pine-oak, scrubby areas.  Highlands in Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras.

Myrtis fanny  PURPLE-COLLARED WOODSTAR.  Arid and semi-arid scrub, woodland.  Lowlands and mts. to 3000 m in sw,se Ecuador and w Peru.
Eulidia yarrellii  CHILEAN WOODSTAR.  Arid scrub, towns.  Lowlands in s Peru and n Chile.
Myrmia micrura  SHORT-TAILED WOODSTAR.  Arid scrub, brushy areas.  Coastal lowlands in w Ecuador and nw Peru.
Acestrura mulsant  WHITE-BELLIED WOODSTAR.  Forest edge, scrub.  Andes, 1500-2800 m, in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and wc Bolivia.
Acestrura bombus  LITTLE WOODSTAR.  Forest scrub.  Locally in lowlands and Andes to 2500 m in w,e Ecuador and n Peru.

Acestrura heliodor  GORGETED WOODSTAR.  Humid forest, edge, scrub.  Mts., 500-3000 m, in Colombia, w Venezuela and nw Ecuador.
Acestrura astreans  SANTA MARTA WOODSTAR.  Humid forest, edge, scrub.  Santa Marta Mts., 800-2800 m, of ne Colombia.
Acestrura berlepschi  ESMERALDAS WOODSTAR.  Forest.  Lowlands of w Ecuador, possibly e Ecuador.
Chaetocercus jourdanii  RUFOUS-SHAFTED WOODSTAR.  Humid forest, edge, scrub, woodland.
Foothills and mts., 900-3000 m, in ne Colombia, w,n Venezuela and Trinidad.
Selasphorus platycercus  BROAD-TAILED HUMMINGBIRD.  Open coniferous forest, pinyon-juniper and pine-oak woodland, brushy hillsides, scrub, thickets, towns.  Mts. from nc Idaho, n Utah and n Wyoming s to se Calif., s Arizona, ne Sonora, Guanajuato, México, Distrito Federal, Hidalgo, Nuevo León and w Texas; e Chiapas, Guatemala.

Selasphorus rufus  RUFOUS HUMMINGBIRD.  Coniferous forest, second growth, thickets, brushy hillsides, scrubby areas, meadows, towns.  Mts. from s Alaska, s Yukon, w,s British Columbia, sw Alberta and w Montana s to nw Calif., e Oregon and c Idaho.
Selasphorus sasin  ALLEN'S HUMMINGBIRD.  Chaparral, coastal sage, riparian woodland, thickets, brushy hillsides, open coniferous woodland, towns.  From sw Oregon s through coastal Calif.; s Calif.
Selasphorus flammula  VOLCANO HUMMINGBIRD.  Forest edge, brushy areas, pastures.  Highlands of wc Costa Rica; c Costa Rica; in se Costa Rica and w Panama.
Selasphorus scintilla  SCINTILLANT HUMMINGBIRD.  Humid forest, edge, shrubby areas, meadows, towns.  Mts. in c Costa Rica and w Panama.
Selasphorus ardens  GLOW-THROATED HUMMINGBIRD.  Forest edge, brushy areas.  Mts. of w Panama.


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© Picchio Verde by Alberto Masi