Ortalis vetula PLAIN CHACHALACA.
Tall brush, thickets, scrub, second growth. Lowlands on the Gulf-Caribbean
coast from se Texas in the lower Rio Grande Valley and Nuevo León
s through e Mexico incl. Yucatán Peninsula, Cancun I. and interior
Chiapas, e Guatemala and Belize to n,c Honduras incl. Isla Utila and interior
valleys and interior nc Nicaragua.
Ortalis cinereiceps GREY-HEADED CHACHALACA. Thickets, second growth, humid forest. Lowlands to 1100 m in e Honduras, e,c Nicaragua, Costa Rica (exc. nw), Panama incl. Isla del Rey in the Pearl Is. and nw Colombia from Chocó s to upper Atrato Valley.
Ortalis garrula CHESTNUT-WINGED CHACHALACA. Tropical thickets, scrubby deciduous forest, dense second growth, arid scrub, riparian woods, mangroves. Lowlands to 800 m of n Colombia, e of range of O. cinereiceps, from upper Sinú Valley e to foothills of Santa Marta Mts., and s to lower Cauca Valley and middle Magdalena Valley, probably to the range of O. ruficauda, but no evidence they hybridize.
Ortalis ruficauda RUFOUS-VENTED CHACHALACA. Thorny brushland, forest, scrub, second growth. Lowlands to 900 m in ne Colombia, n Venezuela, Tobago, Margarita I. Introduced Lesser Antilles on Becquia and Union islands.
Ortalis erythroptera RUFOUS-HEADED CHACHALACA. Deciduous forest, thickets, savanna. Lowlands to ca. 750 m in w Ecuador near Esmeraldas and extreme nw Peru in Tumbes and Piura.
Ortalis wagleri RUFOUS-BELLIED CHACHALACA. Thorn and tropical deciduous forest. Lowlands of nw Mexico from s Sonora, Sinaloa and nw Durango s to nw Jalisco.
Ortalis poliocephala WEST MEXICAN CHACHALACA. Thorn and tropical deciduous forest. Pacific lowlands of w Mexico from s,ne Jalisco and Colima s to cs Chiapas and e to México, Puebla and w Oaxaca, where it overlaps with vetula.
Ortalis canicollis CHACO CHACHALACA. Swampy lowland forests, monte scrub. Lowlands in Chaco of se Bolivia, sw Brazil, w Paraguay and n Argentina.
Ortalis leucogastra WHITE-BELLIED CHACHALACA. Swampy jungle, coyal swamps, thick scrub. Lowlands to ca. 500 m from Chiapas s along Pacific slope of Guatemala, El Salvador, s Honduras and nw Nicaragua to nw Costa Rica.
Ortalis guttata SPECKLED CHACHALACA. Forest, thickets. Lowlands and foothills to 2500 m of c,e Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru, n,e Bolivia and Brazil from w Amazonian region to e,se Brazil.
Ortalis motmot LITTLE CHACHALACA. Dense undergrowth of woods, river edges, coastal brush. Lowlands to 1700 m in s Venezuela, Guianas and n Brazil.
Ortalis superciliaris BUFF-BROWED CHACHALACA. Thickets, forest. Lowlands of ne Brazil s of the Amazon from lower Rio Tocantins e through e Pará and Maranhão to Piauí and s to extreme n Goiás.
Penelope argyrotis BAND-TAILED GUAN. Humid forest, edge, tall second growth, woods. Mts. 500-3050 m in ne Colombia and n Venezuela.
Penelope barbata BEARDED GUAN. Humid forest, montane dry forest. W slope of the Andes to 3050 m in sw Ecuador and nw Peru.
Penelope ortoni BAUDO GUAN. Humid forest. Lowlands to 1500 m on Pacific slope from w Colombia s to w Ecuador.
Penelope montagnii ANDEAN GUAN. Humid forest, edge, tall second growth. Mts. 1050-3650 m from Colombia and w Venezuela s in the Andes through Ecuador and e Peru to Bolivia and nw Argentina in n Salta.
Penelope marail MARAIL GUAN. Humid forest, especially near water. Lowlands in s Venezuela, Guianas and n Brazil to n bank of the lower Amazon and w to e Pará at mouth of Rio Madeira.
Penelope superciliaris RUSTY-MARGINED GUAN. Heavy forest. Brazil, s of Amazon to e Bolivia, e Paraguay and ne Argentina in Misiones.
Penelope dabbenei RED-FACED GUAN. Humid forest. Andes, 800-2050 m in se Bolivia and nw Argentina in Salta and Jujuy.
Penelope purpurascens CRESTED GUAN. Heavy humid forest, edge, riparian woods. Lowlands and foothills from Sinaloa and Tamaulipas s along both slopes of Mexico (incl. Cozumel I.) and C. America to Panama, and in w,n,e Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela.
Penelope perspicax CAUCA GUAN. Possibly extinct, no records since early 1970's. Humid forest. Formerly on Andean slopes, 1300-2000 m of sw Colombia.
Penelope albipennis WHITE-WINGED GUAN. Tropical dry forest and, at least formerly, low river valleys and mangrove swamps. Lowlands and lower western slopes of nw Peru in Tumbes and Piura, where not recorded since 1877, and Lambayeque; perhaps originally from the Ecuadorian border s to Río Chicama. Long thought to be extinct but recently rediscovered.
Penelope jacquacu SPIX'S GUAN. Humid forest, edge, second growth. Lowlands to 500 m, locally to 1350 m, e of the Andes from se Colombia, s Venezuela, Guyana, s through e Ecuador, e Peru to n,e Bolivia and w Amazonian Brazil.
Penelope obscura DUSKY-LEGGED GUAN. Forest. Lowlands and foothills, 300-2000 m in three disjunct populations: C,se Bolivia and nw Argentina; e Brazil; extreme se Brazil, w Uruguay and ne Argentina.
Penelope pileata WHITE-CRESTED GUAN. Forest. Lowlands of c Brazil, s of Amazon from lower Rio Madeira e to lower Rio Tapajós.
Penelope ochrogaster CHESTNUT-BELLIED GUAN. Wooded regions, mostly swampy savannas or seasonally deciduous trees. Lowlands of e,sc Brazil from near Bolivian border in Mato Grosso e to w Minas Gerais and e Goiás.
Penelope jacucaca WHITE-BROWED GUAN. Dry areas of stunted forest. Lowlands of interior ne Brazil.
Pipile pipile TRINIDAD PIPING-GUAN. Forest. Island of Trinidad.
Pipile cumanensis BLUE-THROATED PIPING-GUAN. Forest, often near rivers. Locally in lowlands to 1850 m e of Andes from e Colombia, Guianas and nw Brazil through e Ecuador and e Peru to n,c Bolivia e to sw,sc Brazil.
Pipile cujubi RED-THROATED PIPING-GUAN. Forest. Lowlands of n,w,wc Brazil and extrene ne Bolivia in ne Santa Cruz.
Pipile jacutinga BLACK-FRONTED PIPING-GUAN. Forest. Lowlands of e,s Brazil, se Paraguay and ne Argentina.
Aburria aburri WATTLED GUAN. Humid forest, edge, tall second growth. Mts., 600-2500 m from Colombia and w Venezuela s through the Andes of w,e Ecuador to nw,e Peru.
Chamaepetes unicolor BLACK GUAN. Humid forest. Mts., mostly 900-3000 m, in Costa Rica and w Panama, e to Veraguas.
Chamaepetes goudotii SICKLE-WINGED GUAN. Humid forest. Mts., 700-3300 m from n Colombia s through both slopes of the Andes in Ecuador and the e slope in e Peru to w Bolivia.
Penelopina nigra HIGHLAND GUAN. Humid forest. Mts., 900-3000 m in e Oaxaca, Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and nc Nicaragua.
Oreophasis derbianus HORNED GUAN. Humid forest. Mts., 1525-3000 m of Chiapas and Guatemala.
Nothocrax urumutum NOCTURNAL CURASSOW. Humid forest, especially seasonally flooded areas. Lowlands to 500 m e of the Andes from se Colombia and s Venezuela s through e Ecuador to ne Peru and w Amazonian Brazil.
Mitu tomentosa CRESTLESS CURASSOW. Humid forest, riparian woods in savannas. Lowlands to 500 m in e Colombia, s Venezuela, ne Guyana and nw Brazil.
Mitu salvini SALVIN'S CURASSOW. Humid forest. Lowlands to 600 m e of Andes in s Colombia, e Ecuador and ne Peru.
Mitu tuberosa RAZOR-BILLED CURASSOW. Humid forest. Lowlands to 300 m e of the Andes from se Colombia and Amazonian Brazil s through e Peru to n Bolivia.
Mitu mitu ALAGOAS CURASSOW. Humid forest. Lowlands to 300 m of e Brazil; possibly extinct in the wild.
Pauxi pauxi HELMETED CURASSOW. Humid forest. Mts., mostly 900-1800 m in ne Colombia on the e slope of the eastern Andes, and w, nc Venezuela.
Pauxi unicornis HORNED CURASSOW. Humid forest. Locally in the Andes, mostly 450-1100 m of c Peru and c Bolivia.
Crax rubra GREAT CURASSOW. Humid forest. Lowlands and foothills to 1200 m from San Luis Potosí, s Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Oaxaca and Yucatán Peninsula incl. Cozumel I., s along both slopes to Panama, w Colombia and w Ecuador.
Crax alberti BLUE-KNOBBED CURASSOW. Humid forest. Lowlands to 1200 m of n Colombia from the upper Sinú Valley e to Santa Marta area and s to Tolima and Cundinamarca.
Crax daubentoni YELLOW-KNOBBED CURASSOW. Forest, esp. gallery woodlands of llanos. Lowlands to 1500 m in ne Colombia and n Venezuela.
Crax alector BLACK CURASSOW. Dense humid forest, edge, riparian thickets. Lowlands to ca. 1700 m e of Andes in se Colombia, s Venezuela, Guianas and n Brazil n of Rio Negro and the Amazon e almost to the coast.
Crax globulosa WATTLED CURASSOW. Humid forest. Lowlands e of the Andes in se Colombia, e Ecuador, e Peru, n Bolivia and w Amazonian Brazil.
Crax fasciolata BARE-FACED CURASSOW. Humid and gallery forest.
C. f. pinima Lowlands of nc in n Maranhão; lower Rio Tocantins in ne Pará. Probably extinct, not collected since 1907.
C. f. fasciolata C Brazil from lower Rio Tapajós in nw Pará s through w Minas Gerais, w São Paulo and Mato Grosso, e Bolivia in e Beni and Santa Cruz, Paraguay and ne Argentina in Chaco, e Formosa and Misiones.
Crax estudilloi, known from a single aviary specimen taken in Beni, Bolivia, probably is a hybrid between C. fasciolata and another species of Crax.
Crax blumenbachii RED-BILLED CURASSOW. Humid forest. Nearly extinct. Lowlands of se Brazil.
Alectura lathami AUSTRALIAN BRUSH-TURKEY.
Humid forest, scrubby creek margins, scrub. Mainly coastal in ne
Queensland from Cape York s and inland to Charters Towers and Blackall,
and ne New South Wales s to ca. Manning River, formerly to Illawarra District.
Aepypodius arfakianus WATTLED BRUSH-TURKEY. High mt. forest. Mts., 1000-2350 m of New Guinea from Nassau and Snow mts. e to Owen Stanley Mts., and w Papuan island of Misool.
Aepypodius bruijnii BRUIJN'S BRUSH-TURKEY. Presumably forest. Known only from pre-1900 specimens and one taken in 1939 on Waigeo I. in the W Papuan is. May be extinct.
Talegalla cuvieri RED-BILLED BRUSH-TURKEY. Forest. Lowlands to 750 m of nw New Guinea e to Geelvink Bay, Mimika River and Utakwa River; and w Papuan is. of Salawati and Misool.
Talegalla fuscirostris BLACK-BILLED BRUSH-TURKEY. Forest. Lowlands to 800 m of s New Guinea from Etna Bay e to Port Moresby area; the Aru Islands.
Talegalla jobiensis BROWN-COLLARED BRUSH-TURKEY. Forest. Lowlands to 825 m of New Guinea in the n lowlands from Yapen I. and Geelvink Bay e to Milne Bay, and w along the s coast to Aroa River.
Macrocephalon maleo MALEO. Forest. Locally in hills to 1200 m of n,se Sulawesi and Lambeh I. Descends to sea level in the breeding season.
Megapodius nicobariensis NICOBAR SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth. Lowlands of Nicobar Is.
Megapodius cumingi TABON SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth, coastal scrub. Lowlands to 2000 m in n,e Borneo, Sulawesi incl. Sangihe and Talaud is., and Philippines, incl. Palawan and Sulu Arch.
Megapodius bernsteinii SULA SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth. Lowlands of Banggai and Sula islands e of Sulawesi.
Megapodius reinwardt ORANGE-FOOTED SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth, bushy country. Lowlands to 1900 m on islands in the Flores Sea w to Salayar, Kalao and Djampea; Lesser Sunda Is., Moluccas n to Buru and Seram; Kai Is., coastal New Guinea except along n coast from Geelvink Bay to Huon Gulf, cut incl. coastal islands; Louisiade Arch.; coastal areas of n,ne Australia from ne W. Australia (Kimberleys) e to Queensland on the Cape York Peninsula and s to Rockhampton area. Tanimbar Is.
Megapodius freycinet DUSKY SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth, swampy woods, mangroves. Lowlands to 1675 m in the n Moluccas from Morotai, Halmahera and Ternate s to Obi; w Papuan is. of Waigeo, Batanta and Misool; and islands in Geelvink Bay off nw New Guinea.
Megapodius affinis NEW GUINEA SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth. Lowlands to 1675 m of n New Guinea from Geelvink Bay e to Huon Gulf, incl. adjacent is.
Megapodius eremita MELANESIAN SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth. Lowlands in the Bismarck Arch., incl. Admiralty Is. and the St. Matthias Group; Solomon Is.
Megapodius layardi VANUATU SCRUBFOWL. Forest undergrowth. Lowlands of the Banks Is. and Vanuatu.
Megapodius laperouse MICRONESIAN SCRUBFOWL. Forest. Mariana Is. (extirpated on Rota and Guam); Palau.
Megapodius pritchardii NIAUFOOU SCRUBFOWL. Forest. Niaufoou I. in the n Tonga Is. Introduced on Tafahi I. in ne Tonga Is.
Megapodius wallacei MOLUCCAN SCRUBFOWL. Forest. Mts., 700-1950 m in the Moluccas on Halmahera, Ternate, Bacan, Buru, Ambon, Seram and Haruku; and Misool in the w Papuan is.
Leipoa ocellata MALLEEFOWL. Mallee and dry scrub in semi-arid regions. Sw,s Australia mostly s of Tropic of Capricorn from c W. Australia, sw N. Territory and w,c New S. Wales s to s coast and e to nw Victoria. Introduced to Kangaroo I., now probably extirpated.