Globally Threatened Birds

Lear's Macaw Anodorhynchus leari

As the official Red Listing Authority for Birds for the IUCN Red List, BirdLife International monitors the state of the world's birds and identifies those species that are threatened with extinction, using standard numerical criteria based on measured or reasoned rates of decline, population levels, and range sizes. The BirdLife Partnership has been highly active in formulating and implementing broad-based action plans for the recovery and restoration of particular threatened species.

A total of 1,186 bird species (12% of the world's avifauna) are currently threatened with global extinction, 182 of which are considered as Critically Endangered and are thus facing a very high risk of complete extinction in the immediate future. The countries with the largest number of threatened species include Indonesia, the Philippines and Brazil, with forest being the most important habitat (used by 75% of threatened birds) and habitat destruction and degradation the most significant threat (affecting 85% of threatened birds).

All globally threatened species are, of course, conservation priorities, but there are many additional species which are threatened at the regional level, with declining populations or shrinking ranges, or otherwise vulnerable, and which therefore require flagging at the earliest opportunity.

In recognition of this, BirdLife has recently completed the first detailed review of the conservation status of all the birds of a region Europe paying particular attention to those species which are concentrated there, which have small, non-marginal populations, or are substantially declining, or are highly localised, in order to identify Species of European Conservation Concern. This analysis has revealed that 195 species (38% of the European avifauna) have an unfavourable conservation status, even though 'only' 18 European species currently qualify as globally threatened. Clearly, the scope of the biodiversity crisis extends far beyond those species most clearly in peril.

To view more detailed information on Globally Threatened Birdsand anlayses of their distributions, habitats, threats and status, visit BirdLife International.


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a cura di Alberto Masi